# An additional 24 hours a day. Games in time -2

In the first part of the material, the conversation was about the relativity of time, a lot of attention is paid to maintaining a to-do list. Please read that material so that the narrative is not fragmentary, and you can take a look at all the techniques of effective time compaction.

The beginning of the material

In the continuation, we will talk about how we can consolidate time and what techniques exist for this. In each case, remember that if the described technique disgusts you, you do not physically perceive it, then you should not break your consciousness and yourself. So this is not for you. Someone takes the whole technique, someone takes only a part of it, this is normal. We are all different and therefore what is good for one is not suitable for the other. Find your way, my task is to show you possible options.

Line conveyor. The path from point A to point B.
From early childhood, our world is streamlined, all the examples that life gives us, parents, school, are purely linear. Exceptions are rare, perceived as breaking out of the rules. Remember, school problems about the way from point A to point B, in which intermediate points still met. This is the key algorithm for all the activities taught in a regular, average school. We know from childhood that in order to achieve a result, one must do this and that. There is nothing wrong with this, because the linearity of actions is simple, understandable, predictable. There is only a small problem, not always linear actions and behavior are most effective in real life.

When it comes to building a house, we will never start building from the roof. First, lay the foundation, then erect the walls, and only then do the roof. A logical and correct approach. Outside of the physical world, nonlinear actions turn out to be much more effective and applicable to many tasks. For example, we use a nonlinear action when we turn to an encyclopedia or a dictionary of foreign words. Instead of studying a particular discipline, in order to find out one meaning of a word or term, we “peep” it in a specialized book, grab it from the context. This helps to save time, speeds up us, but does not make a specialist in the field to which we turned. Yes, we do not need to be specialists in it, we are interested in a specific term or article about the phenomenon.

Going to work is a linear process. We cannot change its course. We need to wake up, have breakfast, get dressed, go to work from point A to point B. Unfortunately, we are immediately transferred to our office, we do not know how. For events from the material, physical world, linearity of processes is characteristic and this is their property. For those associated with intellectual work, non-linearity of processes and acceleration of their implementation are possible.

A programmer who begins to write a program can assemble it from separate blocks. He has no task, to implement the authorization form for entering the program from the first steps, this block can be implemented later. In programming, the nonlinearity of creating a product-program is well shown, it can be created from individual bricks, blocks connected in meaning.

When writing books, many of the writers avoid linearity, work on several storylines at the same time, write out characters and events, as information accumulates. And then they assemble the individual parts into a single whole. This method even allowed several authors to safely participate in the creation of books. Each takes on a separate storyline, and then come up with a bunch of them together. Is work speeding up? Much.

The above examples are obvious, they lie on the surface. The first thing we need to learn is to distinguish linear and nonlinear problems in life. This is a sort of sorting that allows you to understand which work needs to be done sequentially and which does not.

The second main issue is the adequate separation of your task into subtasks. Which are not interconnected in time. For example, you need to write an abstract on the history of Roman law. Having drawn up an essay plan, you will see that it consists of separate chapters, the work on each of which is almost not connected with the others. There is no linearity at the stage of creating the material, you give completeness to your work, I link individual chapters together. While you are writing some of the chapters, it’s good to wedge in other matters that are not related to the abstract.

Many tasks in our life and work can be divided into separate subtasks and solved in parallel. Moreover, at a single point in time, it is more efficient to engage not in one task or subtask of one thing, but in several different things. Moving away from the linearity of doing business, you get a huge advantage.

Let's try to explain this with examples. You need to watch the news on TV, write a few letters to your partners, prepare papers. What are you doing? You turn on the TV and do these things. That is, your attention is focused on several matters, while you are missing information that is not important for yourself on TV, putting aside papers, at the moment when you hear something that interests you. A typical situation is the parallel execution of several tasks. That’s what most of us did.

Let's try to complicate the task. During the day you need to make a dozen calls, write letters, view documents, do some other things. Many approach the solution of this problem linearly, namely, they start looking at mail and answering letters, then proceed to calls and other activities. In most situations, this is an inefficient waste of your time.

If you are viewing mail and reading it, you must immediately respond to letters. For 90 percent of mail, this is the most effective way, otherwise such letters may remain completely unanswered, since you will postpone them for later. The response to letters should occur between other matters. This is not a linear task, since each individual letter, as a rule, is not connected with others in meaning. You can consider working with mail a task that can be divided into separate segments (read letters). Received a letter, looked at it, answered. There are no frightening numbers in front of the mailbox, by the end of the working day, all letters are parsed. Leaving “important” letters for later means not answering them. Set a goal to answer all emails throughout the day. It is possible that for typical situations, templates will suit you, sometimes they help out a lot.

What about the calls? Exactly the same story. There is no rule that you should call on your list from 10 in the morning to solve your affairs. You can vary the time of calls during the day, and engage in other activities between calls.

From the school biology course, we know that mental and physical activity must be alternated. Most office workers and not only them forget about this simple rule. Creating a to-do list, setting priorities, dividing each case into subtasks, it is important to understand in what order to do them, so that mental activity alternates with trips to meetings, going to lunch and other physical activity.

Your task is not just to do the job, but to do it effectively and with a minimum of effort. At the same time, efficiency does not always mean linear execution of the case. For example, having phoned everyone in an hour, you will do this thing. But calls during the day will take the same amount of time, but will allow you to alternate different activities (writing, speaking) to avoid fatigue. Try to think about this aspect of the alternation of your tasks, subtasks.

I try not to create days for myself when I have meeting after meeting in the city. Leaving for such meetings in the morning, in the evening you are exhausted like a lemon, since there is no alternation of activity, hangs inside — ten cups of coffee, tea, lemonade and strength can only get to the sofa. Another thing is if in the morning you have time to read the mail (a little), have breakfast, write something or read a book and then go to a meeting. The difference of impressions, the guarantee that your attention will not be dulled. After lunch, you need to return to the office and work. Consider your physiology. If lunch causes drowsiness, then plan things that will cheer you up and support your tone.

Take a blank sheet of paper and try to sketch out in detail your typical working day. List all the small and big things. Try to break them into subtasks. See how you can change your day to alternate between physical and mental work. Our world is not always linear and it is important to see where and when we can work in parallel on tasks.

He deliberately did not throw you with various examples of parallel work on different tasks, he limited himself only to the banal examples known to each of us. Cause? I do not want, beyond the details, you lose the whole idea of ​​non-linear work on your tasks. The trick is in this. But if you have examples of how you accelerate yourself, break your business into sub-tasks, then thanks for sharing this experience in the comments. The most interesting examples, I think, are put in a separate chapter, and share them with everyone. Thanks in advance.

Pleasant self-deception
Tell me the light of my mirror ... This phrase from a fairy tale accurately describes what any ambitious person oriented towards success should do. The internal mood, like an athlete, is half the work done. How does your productivity change when you are annoyed, look at the world through the veil of your problems? I think that it leaves much to be desired, and in your head you have completely different thoughts that are not related to work. And then the eternal question arises, how to ensure that your condition does not affect your work.

The ideal option is to take you to a Buddhist temple for about 7 years, so that you are taught the technique of breathing, taught to calm your mind and control emotions, at least superficially. The path is hard and unacceptable for most of us. Let me share a few tricks that help relieve tension and stress in the workplace and regain, if not a positive, but calm state of mind.

- Go out and breathe in the fresh air, walk for five minutes;
- No need to drive away bad thoughts from yourself, they still will not go anywhere. No need to foster resentment. Think rationally why such a situation has developed, what can be done to resolve it and what maneuvers can help in this. Your task is to transfer the situation from the emotional to the rational plane, to remove the passions;
- Drink strong and sweet tea, this will allow your head to get glucose, relax a bit;
- Do not discuss the situation with colleagues, do not let other people influence your emotions, do not support their intensity (of course, if you yourself do not want this). Discuss the situation after some time, such a discussion will be more calm, less emotional;
- You yourself can continue the list of what can be done in such situations in order to restore the emotional state. Each of us has our own little tricks and tricks. If you want to share your experience with others, welcome to comment on the material.

Having finished with the negative, let's turn to the positive side of the issue. It is no secret that most of the time, the soul does not sing with us, the world does not seem beautiful, it is ordinary. And this is normal. Yes, and many of the things that we do to work are ordinary, do not cause us a surge of enthusiasm. It is necessary to deal with this and the best way, to give yourself encouragement for the implementation of a boring thing. What kind of encouragement this can be, it is up to you to decide, no one but you will say what is best for you. For example, for me, after writing a boring but necessary material, such an encouragement is an opportunity to spend half an hour on an online game. It looks like getting a piece of sugar by a beast in a circus, after a successful performance. This is true. But it was proved in animals that the creation of a positive feedback in the head did not bother anyone. After a while you notice that doing routine work will become easier, even without the subsequent “reward”. This trick allows you to put up with things that otherwise evoke boredom and make you yawn in your mouth. Yes, and labor productivity increases significantly.
Create in your head positive feedback for most of the boring things you do all the time. You can note how much time it took you before you did the trick and after that. In my case, the difference is almost half. This time saved, you can put on other things.

Motivation plus case awareness

I want to specifically emphasize that motivation is a big part of the business, the guarantee that it will be done. How to achieve positive motivation, we said above. But in addition to motivation, you need to imagine how you will do your job in practice. It helps a lot in work. You just imagine how and what, in what order you will do to achieve your goal. In sports, this reproduction of a situation is used to present the desired result. For example, an athlete can imagine how he runs, pushes, jumps. Or imagine how the ball, thrown by his hand, falls into the basket. The main thing is to lose the situation in your head and present the necessary result. Thus, you create a positive motivation for yourself, it is easier for you to complete the necessary work. My advice to you, try doing this for a week, you will see how many things will be simplified, and you will win extra time. Which you can spend on your own.

And, as usual, to be continued. These are not all tricks and tricks. Thank you for your patience.