The state will support Russian IT companies, but increase insurance premiums for them

    Today, instead of a basic insurance premium rate of 30%, IT companies with at least seven employees can apply for a reduced interest rate of 14%. To do this, 90% of their revenue should be provided by the sale of IT products or IT services and they must be accredited by the Ministry of Communications. Such a benefit was granted until 2017.

    On November 19, Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications Nikolai Nikiforov made a proposal at a meeting of the Federation Council with a proposal to support the domestic software manufacturer and other IT companies. Based on the results of the speech, the senators prepared a draft resolution, which envisaged the extension of reduced premium rates until 2025.

    Unfortunately, after agreement with the Ministry of Finance, the clause on the extension of preferences is deletedfrom the final version of the document. At the same time, the Federation Council has provided several other measures to support the domestic manufacturer (see under cat).

    Of course, much will change until 2017, so there is an opportunity to somehow rectify the situation.

    The final version of the resolution of the Council of Federations “On the development of information technologies in the Russian Federation and measures to support the domestic production of communications equipment” is quoted below (selectively):

    The communications industry in the Russian Federation is by far the most dependent on the use of imported software - up to 90% in terms of software for operating systems and database management systems. The share of telecommunication equipment from American and European suppliers at our telecom operators currently ranges from 95% to 99%. The criticality of this circumstance lies in the fact that the entire volume of voice information, SMS messages, Internet traffic and financial transactions passes through this equipment.

    In the current geopolitical situation, with the introduction of sanctions aimed at weakening the Russian economy, there is a risk of losing control not only of information within the country, but also of government functions through the usual electronic means of communication. In this case, the main risk may lie in external destructive impact (stopping the provision of support services for already used software, disconnecting huge communication networks in Russia due to the undeclared capabilities of foreign equipment, and so on). Under these conditions, a review of previous approaches to the development of the information technology industry will be required.

    Subject to the foregoing, the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation decides:

    * develop measures aimed at improving information security in connection with the changed geopolitical situation and the introduction of sanctions aimed at weakening the Russian economy;

    * prepare proposals aimed at import substitution in the segments of the production of communications equipment, system and application software, taking into account the comprehensive reform of the public procurement system;

    * prepare proposals for improving the system of training highly qualified specialists for enterprises in the information technology industry;

    * consider the feasibility of creating a universal software fund, sources and methods of its formation in order to support Russian companies and domestic developments in the system software segment;

    * consider the possibility of creating registers of domestic software and communications that have an advantage over foreign products;

    * intensify work on providing credit organizations with the right to access information on borrowers available in state information resources, including information on borrowers' income, available in the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation;

    * take the necessary measures to restore state broadcasting in the territory of the Russian Federation.

    Obviously, the proposed measures are more likely to be political in nature. For example, an import substitution program is being introduced to ensure national security interests, and not at all to stimulate the industry economically. It seems that the economy does not occupy the minds of legislators as much as foreign policy. This is such a slightly schizophrenic logic, because it is obvious that without a strong economy there can be no effective foreign policy.

    Vedomosti writesthat the Ministry of Economic Development agreed without comment on the points of the draft resolution of the Council of the Federation regarding reduced tariffs for insurance premiums. That is, they came to the conclusion that this is really an effective and necessary measure. But the Ministry of Finance spoke out against benefits, citing a decrease in the income of extrabudgetary funds, as well as the fact that it “puts companies in unequal conditions.”

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