“Hackers and Artists”, “On Lisp” and essays in Russian. Learning how to write like Paul Graham

    To follow the path:
    look to the master,
    follow the master,
    walk with the master,
    see through the master,
    become the master.
    “The best way to write is to rewrite” Paul Graham, “The Age of the Essay”



    Before the course of Sergey Abdulmanov ( milfgard ), I took the quest for myself - to structure all Graham's articles. Paul is not only a cool programmer and investor - he is a master of concise writing. If milfgard called his course for content managers “ Letters that shoot in the head, ” then Paul Graham shoots from the “eyes” (those who played Fallout 2 will understand).

    I also wanted to learn Lisp. Purely to develop the brain, because cool people - Graham, Kay and Raymond, Morris - say in chorus: "Learn Lisp."

    At the moment, Paul Graham has written (at least I found) 167 essays. Of these, 69.74 are translated into Russian ( +10) If you read 1 article per day (which is a very good result, because after one article I go a thoughtful week - my head boils as after an excellent master class, and sometimes as after a two-day intensive), then the process will take six months.

    Under the cut - a list of all articles with links to the original and with a translation (if any). The selection is live (so, as usual, add to your favorites, then read) and will be supplemented as soon as it detects a svezhak. You will also find the book Hackers and Artists translated into 8/15 and the 4/25 translation of On Lisp. I will also give my selection of the top 5 articles by Paul Graham, with which I would recommend starting to get acquainted with this author.

    Essay


    Graham's publications can be divided into 3 sections:
    • programming
    • startups / investments
    • "for a life"


    Which article to start reading?


    I offer two options. Subjective and objective.
    I will share my top 5 articles (and I urge you to write your top 5 articles in the comments with a short justification).
    The American programmers did an objective approach - they saddled PageRank and ranked Paul Graham's articles.

    My top 5 :
    • I traded taiga, splashing waves, sunsets, kites and scallops with red caviar (Vladivostok) for McDonald's and the metro. Now I’m thinking about how the place determines the state of mind (and vice versa). And the Ambition Cities ( Cities and ambitions ). Look for the place that is looking for you. “There is nothing more powerful than a community of talented people working on similar issues.”
    • The Age of the Essay (The Age of Composition ) - about how to write. I hated compositions at school, but after Habr began to relate to the text differently. In this essay, I found many answers and goals for the future.
    • I spent some time on career counseling, then the article What You'll Wish You'd Known ( What you would like to know in advance ) is really what I would like to know in advance. A very sensible strategy for choosing a path in life and about how this can be organized for a younger shift.
    • Reading the article about Durov, I first learned about Paul. I mastered this essay with only 3-4 approaches. Etpu Start to a How the Startup ( How to start a new business )
    • “With programming languages, everything is different - they are not just technology, they embody the way programmers think. It’s half technology, half religion. ” Communing with the new religion of Beating the Averages ( Lisp: defeating mediocrity )


    Links of articles ( clickable map here )



    Objective: how does the color and rating (see below) relate to the article?

    Paul Graham Essays Ranking
    Americans got confused and calculated the popularity factors of articles. This list can be used as a guide on how to read / translate Paul Graham's articles.

    Top 10:
    23.02 Beating the Averages ( Lisp: winning mediocrity )
    19.84 Lisp for Web-Based Applications (no translation)
    5.56 What You Can't Say ( translation )
    3.81 Revenge of the Nerds (no translation)
    3.72 The Roots of Lisp ( no translation)
    3.66 The Age of the Essay (Century Works )
    3.29 for What Made Lisp Different (no translation)
    3.26 Why Nerds are unpopular ( For they do not like nerds , Why nordy unpopular? )
    2.81 Taste for Makers ( Taste - creators )
    2.77 Great Hackers ( Top-notch hackers , Part 2 )
    60+ more
    2.33 The Other Road Ahead
    2.12 How to Make Wealth
    1.91 Succinctness is Power
    1.74 A Unified Theory of VC Suckage
    1.73 The Word “Hacker”
    1.67 How to Start a Startup
    1.43 Hiring is Obsolete
    1.39 Why Startups Condense in America
    1.39 Programming Bottom-Up
    1.35 Inequality Risk and
    1.35 How to Be Silicon Valley
    1.21 After the Ladder
    1.04 How to Do What You Love
    1.00 Good and bad procrastination ( Good and bad procrastination )
    0.90After Credentials
    0.88 The Equity Equation
    0.88 How Not To Die
    0.84 What You'll Wish You'd Known
    0.83 A Plan for Spam
    0.80 How to Be an Angel Investor
    0.76 Why to Start a Startup in a Bad Economy
    0.74 The High-Res Society
    0.67 The Python Paradox
    0.65 Ideas for Startups
    0.64 Better Bayesian Filtering
    0.64 Filters that Fight Back
    0.61 Relentlessly Resourceful
    0.61 The Future of Web Startups
    0.61 The Hundred-Year Language
    0.60Why Smart People Have Bad Ideas
    0.59 The Submarine
    0.59 The Power of the Marginal
    0.59 How to Fund a Startup
    0.56 Why TV Lost
    0.56 High Resolution Fundraising
    0.56 Being Popular
    0.56 Stuff
    0.56 Trolls
    0.49 Why There Aren't More Googles
    0.49 The 18 Mistakes That Kill Startups
    0.48 The Top Idea in Your Mind
    0.48 Hackers and Painters
    0.47 What the Bubble Got Right
    0.46 Five Questions about Language Design
    0.46 The Venture Capital Squeeze
    0.45 Cities and Ambition
    0.44 Startups in 13 Sentences
    0.44 A Fundraising Survival Guide
    0.44 The Hacker's Guide to Investors
    0.43 Design and Research
    0.43 Two Kinds of Judgement
    0.40 An Alternative Theory of Unions
    0.38 Can You Buy a Silicon Valley? Maybe.
    0.38 Why to Move to a Startup Hub
    0.35 Founder Control
    0.35 Why to Not Not Start a Startup
    0.34 What Business Can Learn from Open Source
    More articles with a rating of 0.31
    Five Founders
    6,631,372
    The Acceleration of Addictiveness
    Subject: Airbnb
    Frighteningly Ambitious Startup Ideas
    Apple's Mistake
    The Other Half of “Artists Ship”
    You Weren't Meant to Have a Boss
    It's Charisma, Stupid
    Undergraduation
    News from the Front
    Copy What You Like
    The Anatomy of Determination
    How to Disagree
    Persuade xor Discover
    Disconnecting Distraction
    Could VC be a Casualty of the Recession?
    What Languages ​​Fix
    What We Look for in Founders
    Learning from Founders
    The Founder Visa
    The Future of Startup Funding
    Mind the Gap
    Be Good
    How Art Can Be Good
    What I've Learned from Hacker News
    Holding a Program in One's Head
    Some Heroes
    Why Startup Hubs Work
    Keep Your Identity Small
    If Lisp is So Great
    How to Present to Investors
    The Island Test
    Java's Cover
    What Kate Saw in Silicon Valley
    A Version 1.0
    Lies We Tell Kids
    Return of the Mac
    Maker's Schedule, Manager's Schedule
    Microsoft is Dead
    A Student's Guide to Startups
    Six Principles for Making New Things
    Why Arc Isn't Especially Object-Oriented
    The List of N Things
    Organic Startup Ideas
    The Patent Pledge
    How to Do Philosophy
    Bradley's Ghost
    The Pooled-Risk Company Management Company
    Defining Property
    Post-Medium Publishing
    Ramen Profitable
    See Randomness
    What Startups Are Really Like
    A Local Revolution?
    Schlep Blindness
    Where to See Silicon Valley
    The Trouble with the Segway
    How to Lose Time and Money
    What I Did this Summer
    Are Software Patents Evil?
    Writing and Speaking
    The Hardest Lessons for Startups to Learn
    The New Funding Landscape
    Tablets
    Made in USA
    Snapshot: Viaweb, June 1998
    Web 2.0
    Why YC
    Is It Worth Being Wise?
    A Word to the Resourceful
    Writing, Briefly
    What Happened to Yahoo
    A new venture animal



    Ah, yes, judging by how cheerfully they translated 80% of the book about the underground market of KingPIN carders , I propose to join the flash mob for translating articles by Paul Graham. ( Who wants to help with the translation, write to magisterludi2016 <dog> yandex.ru )
    This will enrich your brain with a couple more convolutions and give at least + 15% to the writing skill.

    I will be grateful to those who will make an offline archive of Russian articles, otherwise some are already irretrievably lost.
    All articles
    Livingston jessica ( Talk about Jessica Livingston )
    A Way to Detect the Bias ( able to detect bias )
    the Write Like You Talk ( Write the way you talk )
    the Default or the Default Alive Dead?
    It's Safe Why for Founders to the Be Nice ( Why startups benefit from being generous )
    the Change the Name Your ( changed his name )
    for What Is the Microsoft the the this the Altair Basic of? ( As for Microsoft meant the BASIC the Altair? )
    Of The Ronco Principle ( principles Ronco )
    for What Does not Seem Like the Work? (Small strange: how to find his life's work )
    the Do not Talk to the Dev Corp ( Do not talk to the experts for corporate development )
    for Let the Other 95 Great Programmers of% with In
    How to the Be an Expert in a Changing World ( How to be an expert in the ever-changing world )
    How You Know
    The Fatal Pinch ( Last straw )
    Mean People Fail ( Why do scoundrels lose? )
    Before the Startup ( Before the start-up - part one , Before the start-up - part two )
    How to Raise Money (“How to raise money”.Part 1 , Part 2 , Part 3 .)
    Investor Herd Dynamics ( Investor as a herd animal )
    How to Convince Investors ( How to convince investors )
    the Do Things That the Do not the Scale ( doing things that do not scale , alternative , Habré )
    the Startup Investing Trends ( What has changed in the world of startups , Trends in investing in startups )
    How to Get Startup Ideas (How to find an idea for a startup, part one , part two , partthird , part four ))
    The Hardware Renaissance ( Iron Renaissance )
    Startup = Growth ( Why a “hairdresser” cannot be a startup. Part 1 , In pursuit of growth. Part 2 )
    Black Swan Farming ( How to distinguish brilliant business ideas from worthless )
    the Top of the My of the Todo a List
    writing and Speaking's ( How to write well and speak well )
    Defining the Property
    frighteningly ambitious the startup ideas ( frighteningly ambitious ideas startups )
    A a Word to the Resourceful
    schlep Blindness( Blindness of boredom )
    Snapshot: Viaweb, June 1998
    Why Startup Hubs Work ( How do startup incubators work )
    The Patent Pledge
    Subject: Airbnb
    Founder Control ( Does the founder need to maintain control over the company? )
    Tablets (94%, Tablets )
    What We Look for in Founders ( What we are looking for in startups and young entrepreneurs? )
    of The the New Funding the Landscape
    for Where to See the Silicon Valley
    High Resolution Fundraising
    for What happened to Yahoo ( What happened to Yahoo )
    of The of Future of the Startup Funding( The future of financing start-ups )
    of The Acceleration of the addictiveness
    of The the Top Idea in Your yet Mind ( The main idea )
    How to Lose Time The and Money ( UPD 7 September. How to lose time and money , alternative to Giktayms)
    Organic the Startup Ideas ( Ideas for "organic" startup )
    Apple's's mistake's ( Apple's error )
    for What Startups Are for Really Like ( What is the life of the startups )
    to Persuade xor the Discover
    the Post-Medium Publishing
    of The a List of Things of N (Sheet of N things )
    of The Anatomy of Determination ( Anatomy of purpose )
    for What Kate of Saw in the Silicon Valley ( What she saw Kate in Silicon Valley )
    of The Trouble with the the Segway
    the Ramen Profitable ( startups Doshirak )
    Maker's the Schedule, Manager's the Schedule ( The life of the creator is different from manager's life )
    A Local Revolution?
    Why Twitter is a Big Deal
    The Founder Visa
    Five Founders
    Relentlessly Resourceful ( Be indefatigably resourceful. 40% translated in draft. )
    How to Be an Angel Investor (What does it mean to be a “business angel” )
    Why TV Lost ( Why did television die )
    Can You Buy a Silicon Valley? Maybe. (25% Is it possible to buy a Silicon Valley? Probably )
    for What I of've pending Learned from Hacker News ( What I Learned From News Hacker )
    Startups in a Sentences 13 ( 13 main principles in the life of a startup )
    for Keep Your the Identity the Small ( translation )
    of After the Credentials
    Could the VC be a Casualty of the Recession? ( Can venture capitalists be the victims of the crisis? )
    The High-Res Society (High-tech Company )
    of The Other of Half of "Artists Ship"
    Why to Etpu Start a the Startup in a Bad, Economy ( Why run a startup during the crisis )
    A Fundraising Survival Guide Review ( Survival Guide in the search for investors )
    of The Pooled-Risk Company About enterprise | Management Company About enterprise | ( Management company with associate insurance fund )
    Cities and the ambition ( Cities and ambitions )
    Disconnecting distraction ( disconnect from the distractions )
    Lies for we Tell kids ( lies that we tell the children )
    the Be Good( Be good )
    Why There Aren't More Googles ( Why New Google Doesn’t Come )
    Some Heroes (51% My Heroes )
    How to Disagree ( How to Express Disagreement )
    You Weren't Meant to Have a Boss ( You were not born subordinates )
    A Animal venture the new ( new beast among VCs )
    Trolls ( Troll )
    Six principles for Making the new things ( Six principles when creating new things )
    Why the Move to a to the Startup Hub (Why move a startup )
    of The of Future of the Web Startups ( Future Internet startups )
    How to the Do Philosophy ( How's philosophy )
    News from the the Front
    How Not to The Die ( How not to die )
    Holding a Program in the One's Head A ( Hold project in mind )
    Stuff ( Stuff , Things )
    of The Equity the Equation
    of An Alternative Theory of Unions
    of The Hacker's Guide Review to Investors
    of Two kinds of Judgement ( Two types of judgments )
    the Microsoft is Dead (Microsoft is dead )
    Why to Not Not Start a Startup ( Why not create a startup? )
    Is It Worth Being Wise? ( Should I be wise? )
    The Learning from Founders
    How Art the Can the Be Good
    of The 18 Mistakes That Kill Startups ( Bugs that kill startups )
    A Student's Guide Review to Startups
    How to Present to Investors ( How to make a presentation to investors )
    the Copy for What You Like ( Photocopiers what you like )
    of the Island the Test
    of the the Power of the marginal ( Strength marginal )
    Startups Condense in Why America ( Why startups are concentrated in the United States )
    How to the Be the Silicon Valley ( How to become Silicon Valley )
    of The Hardest Lessons for Startups to Less Learn ( The most difficult lessons for startups )
    See Randomness
    Are Software Patents in Evil?
    6,631,372
    Why YC ( Why Combinator the Y? )
    How to the Do for What You Love ( How to do what you love but so that there was nothing for it )
    Good and Bad Procrastination ( Good and bad procrastination ),
    the Web 2.0 ( Web 2.0 )
    How to Fund a the Startup ( How to finance a startup? )
    Of The Venture Capital Squeeze
    Ideas for Startups ( Ideas for startups )
    for What I of Did the this Summer
    Inequality and Risk
    of After the Ladder
    for What Business the Can Less Learn from the Open the Source ( What business could get from free software , Work real and imaginary , bottom to top )
    Hiring is the obsolete ( Hiring outdated )
    of the Submarine
    Why the smart the people Have Bad ideas ( Why smart people come into my head a stupid idea )
    Return of the the Mac (Return of the Mack )
    Writing, Briefly (<translation at end of article)
    Undergraduation
    A Unified Theory of the VC Suckage
    How to Etpu Start a the Startup ( How to start a new business )
    for What You'll Wish You'd Known ( What you want to know in advance )
    in USA Made ( Made in USA )
    It's the Charisma, The Stupid
    -Bradley's Ghost
    A the Version 1.0
    for what the Bubble's Got right ( what is the internet boom was right )
    of The of Age of the Essay ( Century Works )
    of The a paradox the python ( python paradox )
    Hackers Great ( Top-notch hackers , Part 2 )
    yet Mind the Gap ( «Beware of the gap» )
    How to the Make Wealth ( How to become rich )
    of The a Word "Hacker"
    for What You the Can not for Say ( What you can not tell )
    the Filters That Fight Back
    Hackers and Painters ( Part 1 , Part 2 , Alternative )
    If Lisp is So Great
    The Hundred-Year Language ( Programming languages ​​in a hundred years , Today's programming language - today )
    Why Nerds are unpopular ( For they do not like nerds , Why nerds are unpopular? )
    The Better a Bayesian Filtering
    Design and Research ( design and research )
    A Plan for Spam ( Plan for Spam )
    Revenge of the Nerds (nerds Revenge, Part 1 )
    Succinctness is the Power ( Short - force )
    for What the languages Fix ( which solves programming languages )
    Taste for Makers ( Taste - creators )
    Why Arc Is not Especially the Object-Oriented
    for What Made Lisp Different
    Of The Other Road General Description Ahead
    of The Roots of Lisp
    'em Five Questions about the Language Design
    for Being of Popular (Be Popular, part 1 , part 2 )
    the Java's Cover
    Beating the Averages ( Lisp: overcoming mediocrity )
    Lisp for the Web-Based the Applications ( Lisp for web applications )
    Chapter 1 of Ansi Common Lisp
    Chapter 2 of Ansi Common Lisp
    Programming Bottom-Up



    www.paulgraham.com/accents.html Startup founders
    focus

    Not from Paul Graham's website
    Startup Ideas We'd Like to Fund ( Startup ideas that you want to invest in )
    Copying startup idea

    Wife Paul says: “How I fell in love with the world startups

    Books


    Hackers and artists
    image
    Parting words to his book
    "Reading Paul's essays is like having a conversation with a genius who doesn't need to score any points by proving it to you, except that most geniuses aren't as articulate as he is. You get to share Paul's sense that the Universe is a fascinating place, and his knack for looking at it from an unusual angle. ”

    - Eric Raymond, author of The Cathedral and the Bazaar

    "This book will force you to re-think your ideas about the nature of computer programming."

    - Robert Morris (creator of the first network worm), MIT

    “Paul Graham is a hacker, a painter, and a terrific writer. His lucid, humorous prose is brimming with contrarian insight and practical wisdom on writing great code at the intersection of art, science and commerce. He may even make you want to start programming in Lisp. ”

    - Andy Hertzfeld, co-creator of the Macintosh

    “Since programmers create programs out of nothing, imagination is our only limitation. Thus, in the world of programming, the hero is the one who has great vision. Paul Graham is one of our contemporary heroes. He has the ability to embrace the vision, and to express it plainly. His works are my favorites, especially the ones describing language design. He explains secrets of programming, languages, and human nature that can only be learned from the hacker experience. This book shows you his great vision, and tells you the truth about the nature of hacking. ”

    - Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto, creator of Ruby

    "So wonderful that its biggest problem is its title ... How to Think Like a Computer Millionaire would, I suspect, be a more popular title. It would certainly be apt. ”

    - Aaron Swartz

    “Paul Graham's Hackers & Painters is one diverse book, but it doesn't matter if you're learning why nerds get beat up in high school, or the subtleties of language design and acceptance. Paul approaches each of his subjects with an entertaining insight that will make you smile and think. Highly recommended to anyone. ”

    - Rob "CmdrTaco" Malda, Creator / Director, Slashdot

    abstract chapters in Russian
    pulled from here

    Why Nerds Are Unpopular . A school is a prison run by prisoners themselves. Her only purpose is to take children with something while her parents are at work. In order not to be at the bottom of the hierarchy, it is necessary to spend efforts on maintaining the status. But clever children are interested in other activities, there is no time left for the image, and they are at the bottom.
    The article is harsh, but with a touch of optimism. Awareness of the situation is the first step towards correcting it. Anyone who has friends with teens should give them this article.

    Hackers and Painters. Computer Science and programming are two different things. It’s bad when eggheads rate hackers according to their criteria. Even worse, when hackers evaluate themselves so.
    “Hackers on the assembly line” is also far from the best option. “Big companies do not win because they do great things. They win because they suck less than other big companies. ”
    It’s best to rate hackers as writers or artists. And hackers should learn from them. What exactly is devoted to the second part of the article.

    What You Can't Say . Anytime, anywhere, there are ideas that should not be advertised. If you don’t have such ideas, you have been brainwashed. And what if there is?

    Good Bad Attitude . It’s good when there are people who are ready to break the rules.

    The Other Road Ahead . Web as a new environment for creating and delivering programs. What are the prospects for startups?

    How to make wealth. A startup is a way to squeeze an entire long working life into a few years.
    To earn a lot, you need to create value. A sign that a startup is on the right track is the presence of users.

    Mind the Gap . A small but “sticky” article. The idea that wealth and the amount of money are completely different things is pretty obvious. But the consequences are not.
    Is it bad when some people earn many times more than others? Not! On the contrary, in the modern world, a huge difference in income is an indicator that society is healthy and has not slipped into stagnation.
    There are some more ideas about the wealth of the state and its inhabitants, but I’d better give a funny quote. “If Lenin wandered around the offices of companies such as Yahoo, Intel or Cisco, he would have thought that communism would have won. Everyone wears the same clothes, they sit in the same type of office (or rather, in the booths) with the same furniture, they turn to each other by name and not rank. Everything looks like he predicted, until you look at the bank accounts. Oops. "

    A Plan for Spam . The glorious history of Bayesian spam filters begins with this article. Now it’s hard to imagine how we lived without them, and therefore it’s fun to read phrases like “I hope this method works.”

    Taste for Makers . They say that they do not argue about tastes, but in reality, all that is beautiful has common features.

    Programming Languagues Explained . Paul Graham expresses his attitude to some concepts related to programming languages.

    The Hundred-Year Language . A programming language is not a technology, but a way of expressing thoughts. Therefore, languages ​​change slowly, and you can evaluate what awaits us in the future.

    Beating the Averages . An article is like an article, but for some reason I reread it many times, somehow it catches. About why Lisp is the coolest of all, why its use gives a competitive advantage, and why few people know about its use in real life.

    Revenge of the Nerds . As a theoretical toy, it suddenly became a programming language, or again about why Lisp is the coolest.

    The dream language. How to create a popular programming language.

    Design and Research . How design development differs from scientific research (convenience vs novelty), and how to approach design.

    Hackers and painters
    www.paulgraham.com/hptoc.html
    1. Why Nerds Are Unpopular
      Their minds are not on the game.
      original , translation part 1 , part 2
    2. Hackers and Painters
      Hackers are makers, like painters or architects or writers.
      original , translation part 1 , part 2 , alternative
    3. What You Can't Say
      How to think heretical thoughts and what to do with them.
      Original , Translation
    4. Good Bad Attitude
      Like Americans, hackers win by breaking rules.
      original translation
    5. The Other Road Ahead
      Web-based software offers the biggest opportunity since the arrival of the microcomputer.
    6. How to Make Wealth
      The best way to get rich is to create wealth. And startups are the best way to do that.
      Original , Translation
    7. Mind the Gap
      Could "unequal income distribution" be less of a problem than we think?
      Original , Translation
    8. A Plan for Spam
      Till recently most experts thought spam filtering wouldn't work. This proposal changed their minds.
      Original , Translation
    9. Taste for Makers
      How do you make great things?
      Original , Translation
    10. Programming Languages ​​Explained
      What a programming language is and why they are a hot topic now.
    11. The Hundred-Year Language
      How will we program in a hundred years? Why not start now?
      Original , Translation
    12. Beating the Averages
      For web-based applications you can use whatever language you want. So can your competitors.
      original , translation
    13. Revenge of the Nerds
      In technology, "industry best practice" is a recipe for losing.
      original , translation 1 , 2 , 3
    14. The Dream Language
      A good programming language is one that lets hackers have their way with it.
      original , translation part 1 , part 2
    15. Design and Research
      Research has to be original. Design has to be good.
      Original , Translation



    On Lisp
    image
    introduction
    Chapter 1
    Chapter 2
    Chapter 3
    Chapter 22. Non-determinism
    github.com/rigidus/onlisp

    For those who want to pump in writing


    More creators learn from examples. For the artist, the museum is a reference for artistic techniques. For hundreds of years, an element of the traditional training of artists has been copying the works of great masters, because copying makes you look more closely at how the canvas is made.

    Writers do that too. Benjamin Franklin learned to write, summarizing the main points of the essays of Addison and Steel, and then trying to reproduce them. Raymond Chandler did the same with detective stories.
    "Hackers and artists"


    Perhaps the shortest and most concentrated essay by Graham:
    Writing, Briefly
    Many ask for my advice on how to write.
    How important is it to be able to articulate thoughts smoothly and how can someone become a better writer?

    In the process of answering this question, I quite by accident wrote a tiny essay on this topic.
    Usually, I spend writing an essay of the week. But it took 67 minutes - 23 to write and 44 to rewrite. And it got online only as an experiment, since it is very capacious, at least.

    I think that writing well is much more important than many people think. Any literary form not only conveys ideas, its very creation generates them. And if you do not express your thoughts well in a letter and you do not like this process, then you will miss many ideas that would come to you during writing.

    And here is a short recipe for “how to be a good writer”:
    • quickly write the worst option
    • rewrite it again and again,
    • discard all unnecessary
    • write in a conversational manner,
    • you need to develop a sense of bad style to detect it in your work,
    • imitate the authors you like,
    • if it’s hard to start, then tell someone about a future topic and write down your words,
    • expect that 80% of the ideas will come to you at the time of writing and that half of the original ideas will be incorrect,
    • confidently cut the text,
    • give your friends your creativity and let them tell you what confuses or inhibits them,
    • do not (always) make detailed sketches,
    • leave ideas warm for a few days before starting to work,
    • carry a notebook or pieces of paper with you,
    • start writing at the moment of thought about the first phrase, and if time is running out, start with the most important thought,
    • write about what you like
    • don't try to make a deep impression
    • feel free to change themes on the fly,
    • use footnotes for off topic
    • use anaphora to connect sentences
    • read your essays aloud to identify poorly read phrases and boring parts (those paragraphs that are scary to read),
    • tell the reader something new and useful,
    • write for a long time
    • re-read the existing one before starting the rewriting,
    • complete the difficult stage of work in order to start with something easy the next morning,
    • consider the topics that you are going to cover at the end,
    • don't consider it your duty to make out at least one of them,
    • write for a reader who will not read as carefully as you (like pop music that sounds normal on a crappy car radio),
    • correct your mistakes right away
    • let friends point you to the phrase that you will regret the most,
    • come back and soften hard remarks
    • Share your creations online as your audience will make you write more and create more ideas,
    • print sketches, not read them from the screen,
    • use simple, common words,
    • learn to distinguish between surprise and deviations from the topic,
    • learn to recognize the proximity of the finale, and use it as soon as possible.



    Articles about writing text from the author of the course on Habré:
    Accelerating understanding of a commercial or technical text: how to stop being afraid to write simply
    Why 98% of texts on your sites do not work. At all. And how to fix it

    Course description "Letters that shoot in the head"


    imageWe will teach you how to make cool content without seals and boobs. To each letter in its place. To be interesting and understandable. To strong and rhythmic. Stories, brand journalism, vivid images - all this is here.

    (In fact, even the description of the course program has a bunch of tips on how to write cool, including and on Habr)
    • What you need to know about texts that work and don't work. How to distinguish them. Basic editing skills: throw out verbal garbage, learn to present facts. Gopnik's method.
    • A place where content and marketing intersect and hit the face of PR.
    • What is the relationship of type A canine rabies virus to 99% of Runet’s inhabitants, and what to do about it. Ideally, the point of differentiation (“oh, this is about me and for me”) should be determined by the reader in 5 seconds.
    • And a lot of humor here


    PS
    Who wants to take up the translation - I recommend the essay “What You Can’t Say” (done on September 12), since it is the third most rated and is included in the book “Hackers and Artists”. The next candidate for translation is Revenge of the Nerds . (30% ready)

    PPS
    If you are interested in getting into Y Combinator and you are close to Graham's ideas, write in a personal letter, I have a couple of ideas.

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