Nanorobots in our brain
The idea of a permanent, round-the-clock connection of a person to the Internet is not new. Scientists and futurologists agree that this will become possible with a certain level of development of neural interfaces. Now we have already managed to achieve the first modest successes in obtaining information from the brain, but how to translate it into it? One of the ways can be tiny nanorobots that fill the surface of the brain and are able to transmit information in both directions, including visual and auditory.
Imagine a world of the future in which people do not disconnect from the Internet. In general, physically not capable of this. And we will make one more assumption: the computing power of the network infrastructure is such that each individual person can be “put” into virtual reality of such a level of detail that it will seem like a real world. And one in which you will have access to the consciousness, knowledge and experience of all people. But how to achieve such informational unity? Perhaps with the help of billions of special nanorobots that fill our brain.
With such a statement, a picture of some kind of swarming mass in my head immediately arises in my thoughts. However, the key word is nano. A person cannot feel such small objects in his body, nanorobots turn out to be smaller than bacteria. By the way, nobody is embarrassed by the fact that our body is inhabited by a myriad of all kinds of bacteria. It is believed that their number is approximately 10 times the number of cells in the entire human body. And what is worse than robots? You just have to put up with their presence if you want to have access to the colossal resources of the network, including “hypervirtual” reality. As today, we put up with the fact that we are constantly exposed to microwave radiation from home routers for the convenience of Wi-Fi access to the network. And most do not even reduce the power of the transmitters,
But back to the topic of the post. So, in our hypothetical future, the presence of a myriad of nanorobots in the brain will become a necessary condition for “being online”. And given the assumption of access to the consciousness of each "network member", you will have to come to terms with the fact that any person on the planet will be able to connect to you and see, hear, know everything the same as you. Such an eerie world is described in a Postsingular book written by American science fiction writer Rudy Rucker . The parallels with the “Matrix” are more than obvious: if there was a giant machine that controlled the consciousness of connected people, then here virtual reality is formed by means of individual robotic “clouds”. Computing power, according to the book, is provided by a planetary network of Orphid quantum computers.
Many will ask why discuss such a bizarre technology from a science fiction book. Some nanorobots in my head, access to thoughts and knowledge, all this is too divorced from reality. But is it really impossible and far-fetched?
The neural interfaces have been developed for the last 40 years, and still managed to achieve certain results. To summarize, modern developments are a hardware-software complex consisting of head-mounted sensors that record brain activity and software that interprets the information received. The main efforts of the developers are now aimed at creating all kinds of neuroimplants that would help the paralyzed, disabled and people with some serious illnesses. Moreover, we are talking not only about implants that control movement, but also about devices that allow you to gain hearing and vision.
More recently, bionic limbs, controlled by the power of thought , were exclusively an attribute of science fiction books. Today, scientists are already actively experimenting withvisualization of human thoughts . Of particular interest is the development of neural interfaces from the point of view of application in video games, here the breathtaking view from the prospects. Available devices are already available on the market for recognition of some basic human emotions . They are already quite widely used in marketing and sociological research. Perhaps in the future such “emo recorders” will allow you to immediately switch the unlike music track, or adjust the game environment depending on the emotional reaction of users. Now the gaming industry generally pays a lot of attention to the technologies for registering emotions and controlling them. Actually, realistic virtual reality is most interesting to igrodelov.
However, to create such a technology, it is first necessary to solve one crucial problem, which so far has not yielded. Virtual reality requires the bi-directionality of the neural interface. That is, you need not only to read information from the brain, but also to transfer it into it. Returning to the book of Rücker, in order to see on the network what the other person sees, the “video stream” must be broadcast to the brain bypassing the optic tract. And here nanorobots, who are also interested in modern medicine, can help. They see a number of applications for nanorobots, including targeted drug delivery and the creation of artificial blood cells, several hundred times more effectivein terms of oxygen transfer. If such robots replace a person with 10% of red blood cells, he will be able to compete on the run with Olympic champions without even losing his breath. Or spend hours underwater without breathing equipment.
In the future, nanorobots can be used to maintain our circulatory system, removing layers of cholesterol and fat from the walls of blood vessels. But can we hope that someday we will “teach” nanorobots how to interact with neurons in our brain? According to Raymond Kurzweil, this is only a matter of time.. Based on his analysis of the pace of development of bio- and nanotechnology, Kurzweil claims that by 2020 it will be possible to introduce nanorobots into the human nervous system. And this will be a revolutionary breakthrough that will open the way to the creation of virtual reality technology, transmitted directly to the brain. And there it is already close at hand to the information network, in which it will be possible to exchange thoughts .
Neuronet: evil or good?
If Kurzweil turns out to be more or less right in his predictions, then during the life of one generation we will get a massive technology for connecting to a network using a neural interface, similar to that described in the book of Rücker. How can we evaluate the intersection of this technological frontier from our current positions?
Ecology will only benefit from this. And not at all due to lower energy consumption. Accessible super-realistic virtual reality will become a kind of mental and emotional refuge for hundreds of millions of people. And this will almost certainly lead to a drop in consumption of everything and everything. In other words, the foundations of the modern economy, based on a constant increase in sales, will be shaken. And low sales mean a drop in production. Accordingly, humanity will generate less garbage and consume less all kinds of resources.
The same nanotechnology can lead to a breakthrough in the field of renewable energy sources. For example, there is hope for the soon emergence of fuel cells of a nanoscale . It will probably be possible to radically increase the efficiency of solar panels .
As for the shortcomings, then we enter the slippery path of horror films. It cannot be ruled out that with the advent of the global neural network, scientists will nevertheless be able to create artificial intelligence. After all, they will have at their disposal the brains of millions, if not billions of people. And if today the idea of rebelling “silicon brains” against people seems unlikely precisely because of the limitations and difficulties we know, then bio-nano-technologies of the future can give rise to AI with completely different properties and capabilities. And here it is just right to recall the fears of Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk and Bill Gates, which are ridiculed by the whole world.
But still, the threat of malicious artificial intelligence is still quite ephemeral. But hacking with the help of the neural interface is not. And for this problem, which will necessarily arise, it will be necessaryprepare in advance . One can dream up and imagine how nanorobots involved in the extraction of iron, zinc and copper from human bodies can come out of military laboratories. Artificial virus.
But the greatest concern is our own human being. The appeal of virtual reality can be so irresistible that we will quickly wallow in hedonism. Having connected, people will lie on sofas with vegetables, move a little, sleep and eat, not to mention hygiene. Hello Matrix.