The digest of Russian programs for supporting IT startups # 1

    In today's and subsequent issues of our digest, we will talk about a variety of domestic programs to support IT startups. Detailed contradict these programs we brought earlier. For each issue of the digest, we plan to select programs that are different in their focus and capabilities, but united by a common theme - today, for example, we will talk about the relationship of such programs and classical education .

    Today in Russia there are a lot of programs to support young entrepreneurs working at universities or closely related to the topic of education in general, so in the first digest we will talk only about some of them. In addition to the list of such companies, we included a more detailed description in the digest, as well as several small interviews in which representatives of support programs answer our questions about how their organizations are related to classical education, how such companies popularize startup culture within their walls alma mater and is it possible to combine study and, albeit small, but business.

    Incidentally, the topic of education for today's graduation was not chosen by chance: firstly, the support processes themselves, for example, incubation and acceleration, suggest the training of participants in such programs, and secondly, among students of institutes and universities there is an increased interest in creating startups and studying the processes of conducting business. This is confirmed, for example, by the Stanford How to start a startup course . Thirdly, there is a not unfounded notion that most of the founders of IT startups come precisely from among students (or recent graduates of higher education institutions). It is fair or not, but the founder of the business (especially venture) is accepted associate with the educational institution that this person graduated from - hence the logical connection between universities and IT entrepreneurship support programs.

    In this issue:

    Advice and preparation for participation in contests and innovation programs

    Organizations providing educational support to young entrepreneurs range from large educational projects (such as OTUS) to relatively small initiatives whose main purpose is to prepare projects for participation in certain competitions or innovative entrepreneurship support programs. They can provide both “point support” and consulting, as well as conduct large-scale training programs akin to the classical university lecture course.

    GBOU "Moscow Center for Innovation and Scientific and Technical Creativity" (GBOU "InnArt"). The center was created under the auspices of the Moscow Department of Education, works with young people and provides advisory support and support to young authors and teams of innovative projects on participation in competitions and innovative activities. Holds events accredited by the UMNIK, START, and other

    Innovator Reception Program - the project office and the coordinating unit of the UMNIK program, organizing seminars, conferences and advising young entrepreneurs on participation in innovation competitions.

    Open Skolkovo University (OTUS). The open university offers young entrepreneurs several educational programs at once, including a lecture program for studying global technological trends and an interactive program aimed at forming small teams with entrepreneurial competencies, as well as helping teams find innovative project ideas. In addition, the Open University helps to develop business competencies among Skolkovo project participants and helps prepare applicants for participant status.

    Business incubators

    On a competitive basis, they provide expert and financial support to entrepreneurship (mainly small technology projects), commercialization and the launch of new businesses. Provide the services of mentors and experts, financial services, networking with partners and clients, the provision of office space (a number of services varies depending on the specific business incubation program).

    Business Incubator of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation FUBI. An incubator (a pre-incubation program is also being implemented as part of the FUBI) provides residents with office space, advises projects, analyzes key project indicators and attracts equity and debt financing.

    HSE Business Incubator HSE Inc. In addition to standard features, the incubator holds the HSE {SUN} Summer School, the HSE {14K} business ideas competition, the Iron Entrepreneur business game championship, and organizes seminars and workshops for startups.


    They differ from business incubators primarily in that, in addition to consulting and providing office premises, they often give residents the opportunity to deploy their own production or conduct research (inside technology parks, business incubation processes can be launched as a separate type of program or service).

    NPP Sapphire OJSC. Sapphire is an enterprise operating in the Russian defense industry (it supplies microprocessors for Roscosmos and the Russian Atomic Energy Ministry). The company has created its own technology park, providing residents with not only educational programs and office space, but also opportunities to launch their own production. Technopark carries out technological and financial management of residents, provides legal and marketing services, as well as scientific and technical expertise of projects.

    Our questions to program representatives:

    1. How high is the percentage of university students among incubator residents? Are there any teams among residents that are not directly related to the university? Do students have carte blanche when deciding whether to enroll a team in an incubation program?

    Dmitry Shumikhin, Director of the FUBI Business Incubator
    Students of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation participate in the educational program of the Pre-Incubator, in the framework of which they try their hand at creating a business or internship with residents. Among the residents, about 25% of the graduates and masters of our university, the rest are from other universities. Students get carte blanche for free participation in the Pre-Incubator (I do not work with students from other universities at the moment). And when enrolling in an incubation program, only a business project matters, the origin of the team is secondary.

    Anastasia Tyurina, General Director of the HSE Innovation Innovation Center
    The HSE Incubator is open to all teams, regardless of affiliation with the HSE. Almost all teams are mixed. It often happens that HSE students or graduates join residents as they work in the incubator, attending events, etc. HSE students do not have carte blanche. Teams that really can effectively grow there are selected for the incubator: they have their own prototype, have an initial understanding of the team, and most importantly, their willingness and desire to work for the result.

    Daria Komarkova, director of the business incubator of Moscow State University
    The carte blanche upon selection for the MSU Incubator has exclusively thought-out IT projects with a strong team and motivation. They get the opportunity to develop their hypothesis to the level of a working product and enter the market with it in just 4 months. At the entrance, we do not limit the teams in terms of experience, university or even age. As a result, we get about 300-400 different applications, of which we select only 6-7 teams. 90% of our resident companies and graduates are directly related to Moscow State University - they are graduates or graduate students of our faculties. The point is not in the selection system, but in the quality of projects.

    2. How do you “promote” your work within the walls of universities / educational institutions: do you conduct any classes, trainings, lectures for students?

    Mikhail Komarov, GBOU "InnArt"
    On the basis of the Moscow Center for Innovation and Scientific and Technical Creativity (GBOU "InnArt"), classes are regularly held for students in the field of innovative and scientific and technical activities. Classes of the Moscow school of the inventor are also regularly held at the InnArt SBEI, as well as city competitions in the field of engineering and technical creativity (for example, “I am an inventor”, “From idea to project”), which contribute to the popularization of scientific and technical creativity, development the innovative component of continuing education and the formation of teams and authors of future innovative projects.

    Dmitry Shumikhin, Director of the FUBI Business Incubator
    From time to time, incubator partners conduct educational events for students, once a year a university-wide project competition is held. The main product for students is the Preincubator.

    Anastasia Tyurina, General Director of the HSE Innovation Innovation Center
    Promotion of the incubator is a regular task of the team. HSE Day is held 2 times a year, and in early September - Freshman Day. Each major program (optional, acceleration program, social track, etc.) is always accompanied by an open day. The most active promotion channel is the HSE website and the incubator. All HSE students and teachers are also part of the HSE internal newsletter program, thanks to which we always have the opportunity to notify the audience about news, significant events, and contests.

    The sooner students begin to engage in entrepreneurship and acquaint themselves with the work of the incubator, the higher are the chances that they will become our residents. All good students work, as a rule, starting from the third year, and they are not at all up to startups. But the highest activity in developing ideas for children 1-2 courses. It is for them that there is an Iron Entrepreneur - a championship for developing business ideas. In addition, we conduct more than 100 free workshops per year. Experience shows that almost all HSE students took part in incubator events at least several times during their studies.

    Daria Komarkova, director of the business incubator of Moscow State University
    The MSU business incubator was initially focused on very active work with its residents. That is why we do not recruit more than 6-8 teams per selection. At the same time, we are doing a huge number of open events within two of our other structures: the Moscow State University Youth Development Center and the Moscow State University Business Club. As part of their work, we conduct more than 100 different educational events per semester, such as, for example, master classes (Oleg Tinkov, Maxim Nogotkov), educational trainings, and seminars to improve the so-called softskills. We also hold a special inter-faculty course "Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship" for all students of Moscow State University, and together with partners we organize a contest of breakthrough ideas "Eureka".

    Participants in such events almost never go directly to the Incubator, most often these are projects without a team at the level of ideas and the choice of a further profession. But for us it is a long-term work. We know that in a few years these guys can come to us with serious technological projects and the desire to really make a big business with this project, and not just “try yourself”.

    3. How much, in your opinion, is it possible to create your own startup and study in parallel? Startup and study interfere with each other or can you still benefit from yourself and your project by combining one with the other?

    A.Yu. Smetanov, Director of the Technopark of OJSC NPP Sapfir, Doctor of Economics, Professor
    Today, a project-based approach to learning is being introduced in Russian education: if it is possible, within the framework of the educational process, to engage in the implementation of your project in practice, then everything is real. For example, the Department of Innovation Management at the University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI) is located on the basis of the technopark of NPP Sapphire, which allows us to engage in project activities on the basis of the technopark of NPP Sapphire and the Youth Innovation and Technology Center of NPP Sapphire within the educational process and implement own startup, and also subsequently after the establishment of the enterprise to become a resident of Technopark. This is a very good experience and approach in the comprehensive support of training, project activities and the development of youth entrepreneurship.

    Dmitry Shumikhin, Director of the FUBI Business Incubator
    I studied and created my first startup from the 4th year. I was good at combining study and business. Within the framework of subjects, I transferred the acquired knowledge to my project, wrote term papers, abstracts, laboratory ones, etc. on it. Study can be well combined with the process of planning and preparing a business. It’s better to manage a business after graduation in order to devote all the time to the business, the only way to get the result.

    Evgenia Russkikh, Skolkovo Foundation project manager
    If we talk about high-tech business, then engineering students can transform their research or R&D into an entrepreneurial project in the process of study. Moreover, it seems to me a very useful practice, since it makes it possible to encounter the “real world” and understand whether it is worth doing business at all, or is it “not yours”. Well and among other things, when writing research work in the vast majority of Russian universities, students either work for the future candidate, or the results of their thesis go “to the table”. And if, already at the stage of writing a research project, the commercial component of the project is taken into account, the number of MIPs created in accordance with federal law No. 217-FZ will increase, which will generally positively affect the country's economy.

    Daria Komarkova, director of the business incubator of Moscow State University
    Objectively, anything, including study, can interfere with work on your project. The question is solely in the desire to make a scalable business out of “just a hobby”. We had experience working specifically with 2-3 year students, but, to be honest, such students often lack the awareness of their actions and the proper prioritization. A session often turns out to be more important than meeting with clients, and as you understand, a serious business is not being done.

    That is why now the average age of the teams of our resident projects is 28-30 years. These are people who have already managed to work in large companies and decided to create their high-tech business and / or graduate students of the last courses, who realized that the technology that they develop in their department can be brought to the product and the market with our help.

    For students, we just have a Youth Entrepreneurship Development Center and a Business Club - this is where students can discuss their ideas, understand if they really want to develop them, find a team and get the first expertise.

    4. Can the creation of a startup with your support become a natural continuation of your studies at the university - do you have programs to support graduates, does your organization actively work with students in recent courses? Do you find this approach effective?

    Anastasia Tyurina, General Director of the HSE Innovation Innovation Center
    The HSE is a research university of a humanitarian orientation; there is no focus on training entrepreneurs: the HSE prepares specialists in economics, management, sociology, government officials, and financiers. And this is the truth of life. Creating a startup while studying at HSE is more likely an exception. By the way, in the ranking of the TOP 20 best Russian startups, only 3 people are HSE graduates. And, perhaps, only Elena Masolova and Ainur Abdulnasyrov made startups while studying.

    And this only confirms HSE’s focus on research and education of non-entrepreneurial people. In addition, HSE students leave the university with the goal of earning at least 100,000 in a fixed salary, which no startup can give!

    There are, of course, some remarkable exceptions: for example, Sasha Ivanov, who created his startup “Budget for SMS”, meeting with his partner Rustem Fayzullin in the incubator’s classes, receiving a grant from the Higher School of Economics (FIP competition), master classes and an acceleration program. Now the startup is a resident of the accelerator Kiwi Universe and has received the next round of investment.

    And once again I repeat, it is too late to engage students in an incubator in senior courses. Involvement and first acquaintance should happen in 1-2 courses, only then they will come, for example, to internship programs in incubator startups or our other partners, in order to do practical work in 3-4 years, make cases (this is the START program). This practice allows you to feel the taste and drive of work in startups.

    Evgenia Russkikh, Skolkovo Foundation project manager
    We are actively working with senior students. They are ambitious and purposeful, so they have great potential to create their own innovative business. Also, the Skolkovo Open University is now actively developing the internship area, in which we offer students to do internships at Skolkovo startups, the Skolkovo Foundation and partner companies. More information about internships can be found here . And if a student wants to continue his studies after graduation, then the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology offers unique opportunities for Russia: combining research activities with entrepreneurial experience (with the ability to conduct part of studies abroad at leading world universities).

    Daria Komarkova, director of the business incubator of Moscow State University
    According to statistics, it is youth entrepreneurship that has a beneficial effect on the labor market, because graduates often hire their former classmates to their team, thereby creating about 5-6 new jobs. We are actively working in the framework of the educational process with a 4th year and masters, for example, the Faculty of Economics, but we do not have a goal or obligations to specifically take one of them into the Incubator. The team must, under general conditions, submit the project to the Incubator, and if it goes through all stages of the selection, we will be happy to work with it as our resident.

    5. Do you collaborate with other programs to support young entrepreneurs? What programs are these and how do they help you expand your pool of opportunities?

    Mikhail Komarov, “Innovator Reception”
    The Innovator’s Reception Project Office is a monitoring center for expert assessment, implementation analysis, and consulting support for projects carried out under the UMNIK program of the Fund for Assistance to the Development of Small Enterprises in the Scientific and Technical Field. We are actively cooperating with the Assistance Fund, since the UMNIK program, in our opinion, is unique: in its framework, more than 1,500 people receive funding from the state throughout Russia. In my opinion, today there are no more ambitious, open and effective programs to support young entrepreneurs in Russia. We also actively cooperate with other development institutions, venture funds and technology parks, including the Department of Science, Industrial Policy and Entrepreneurship of the city of Moscow,

    Evgenia Russkikh, Skolkovo Foundation project manager
    One of the main formats of work of the Skolkovo Open University with students, graduate students and young scientists is seasonal schools. Winter or summer school is a kind of intensive, within the framework of which the guys work for 6 days in the Skolkovo Hypercube on projects. As part of the preparation of the seasonal school program, we actively interact with all development institutes of the Russian Federation, as well as with several incubators and acceleration programs. This interaction allows us to collect the highest quality content and give school participants a complete picture of Russia's innovative ecosystem. And also all our subscribers receive a newsletter from the Skolkovo Open University a couple of times a month, in which we collect not only our news and announcements, but also the announcements of our partners.

    [ Digest of Russian programs for supporting IT startups # 2 ]

    Also popular now: