Global Internet penetration, where Tor is most used and why Russia is so poor: some interesting infographics about the global network

    On the Oxford Internet Institute website you can find a solid collection of Internet data visualizations compiled by the institute over the past three years. For this post, I chose: - statistics on Internet penetration by country, - global statistics on the use of the Torah, - statistics on the activity of programmers (based on the distribution of users and Github commits), - the scheme of Internet trunk cables, - statistics on requests and deletions of data on the Internet, - views Internet users about different countries. All of the following pictures are clickable.

    Internet population

    The size of each country on the map corresponds to the number of its Internet population in millions of people, and the color reflects the depth of Internet penetration: source The largest Internet “population”, more than half a billion people - in China. The next on the list are the United States, India and Japan. At the same time, China, India and Japan together have more users than the United States and all of Europe. In total, 42% of Internet users live in Asia. However, the United States, with its number of network users, still has room to grow in terms of reaching a larger percentage of the population. India has even greater potential with their Internet penetration of less than 20%. So far, most countries with Internet coverage of more than 80% of the population (except four - Canada, New Zealand, Qatar and South Korea) are in Europe.


    From 2008 to 2011, almost all countries in northern Africa, as well as Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa, doubled the number of Internet users.

    However, only a third of the world's population still has access to the Internet.

    The share of anonymous users

    A good addition to the previous map is a study showing the number of Internet users using Tor. Honestly, I don’t have the slightest idea what Italy is doing among the leaders: the source Despite the popularity and popularity of Thor, only 750 thousand people use it every day. For comparison, this is less than the daily attendance of Habr. More than half of Tor users are from Europe, in particular 76 thousand from Italy. Another 126 thousand users go to Tor from the USA per day. The data used for infographics is presented by Thor himself .


    Developer Interaction Map

    The map is based on GitHub website statistics for 2013. In the left hemisphere - the number of users from different countries. On the right around the circle is the number of users by country, on the left is the number of commits (changes made) per country. On the map itself is the depth of penetration of github users relative to the total number of online active population: source The number of github users last year amounted to 3.5 million people, and the number of users from individual countries strictly correlates with the degree of penetration of the Internet into the country. In general, by the number of developers from different countries using the Github, one can judge how the main centers of the knowledge economy are distributed around the world.


    Fiber Optic Layout

    A great way to realize how fragile the Internet can be, despite its power: let's say Russia, according to this scheme, is connected to the global network with only three cables: one from the USA going through Japan, the second from Finland, and one South European passing through the territory of Georgia, with which the Russian authorities have very complicated relations. By the way, the diagram also shows signs of “enemies of the Internet”: Russia is easy to find by the complete collection of collected icons: three out of three. Iran, by the way, has only two. The United States, which is even more interesting, also has two.


    Moreover, the United States has the most diversified network of cables connecting them to the rest of the world. In second and third places are Great Britain and Senegal, which distinguished itself due to the fact that many Atlantic cables pass through it. When studied on a city scale, Egyptian Alexandria is the largest world hub. Singapore and Al Fujairah (UAE) immediately follow her.

    The importance of being in the center of a node as large as possible is twofold: on the one hand, the Internet in such places is traditionally faster and cheaper. On the other hand, this opens up great opportunities for controlling traffic passing through. According to Reporters Without Borders, in their study Enemies of the Internet 2014 , several British communications companies provided access to their infrastructure.electronic intelligence of the United Kingdom .

    The diagram is based on a cable map from

    Statistics of requests and deletions of data on the Internet

    Here is collected data on the number of requests from authorities and courts of different countries to remove content from Google based on reports from Google itself, published every six months. The report is interactive, to play with it - click on the picture: It’s especially interesting to watch, moving the slider over the years, as some countries “darken”, clearly entering the taste of requests and deletions.

    Princes and paupers in terms of the Internet

    And in the end - almost funny, but suggestive statistics: what Internet users think about different countries of the world . Collected on the basis of Google tips to questions like “Why is% country% so ...”:

    Why is% country% so [rich / poor]


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