"The law of Spring" came into force: what next?

    "The law of Spring" came into force: what next?



    July 1 came into force the so-called "Spring Law". This means that telecom operators are obliged to start storing their users' data, including recordings of conversations, correspondence, videos, images and related information. All this will have to be stored for six months.

    Telecom operators have already begun to implement the measures prescribed in the law, but in order to fulfill all the regulations, you will have to spend a lot of time and even more money. For example, in the case of MegaFon, it takes about five years to organize the storage of user data across the entire network, as reported by RBC.

    “We could not organize storage on the entire network from July 1. The system will be gradually deployed in different regions for five years and by the end of this period will be deployed throughout the country, ”said Sergey Soldatenkov, MegaFon CEO.

    It is worth noting that the law does not have clear wording regarding the phased introduction of the provisions. The following is said: “the order, timing and amount of storage <...> information is established by the government”. During the discussion of the law, telecom operators asked the government to gradually implement the provisions of the law - first in the regions, then throughout the country. This view was supported by Nikolai Nikiforov, who in 2017 served as head of the Ministry of Communications. But then the officials came to the conclusion that the law should be implemented simultaneously in the whole country.

    Other telecom operators do not disclose the implementation of the provisions of the “Spring Law”, saying only that all actions are carried out within the framework of current legislation. The Ministry of Communications and Mass Media says that operators should introduce all the provisions of the law at once throughout the network, and not in stages. However, in April of this year, the government published an explanation of the law. It talked about the need to store text messages and call records for six months from the time "the end of their reception, transmission, delivery and / or processing." As for Internet providers, they will have to store customer data for 30 days, starting October 1 of this year. Then every five years, companies are obliged to increase the capacity of “technical means of accumulation” by 15% per year.

    The problem is that so far no documents have been adopted with the necessary technical requirements for the equipment to be used for storing information. For example, Rostelecom has not yet laid into its own budget the costs of complying with the requirements of the law. "Despite the fact that the decree of the Russian government on the shelf life has already been published, to estimate the costs, it is necessary to wait for the documents with equipment requirements to be released," said a company representative.

    Whatever it was, but there are draft equipment requirements, so communication providers may be temporarily guided by them. But the level of responsibility of operators and Internet companies for non-compliance with the requirements of the “Spring Law” has not yet been determined. According to experts, the state should provide an opportunity to provide data storage, and not just to punish operators.

    With regard to financial costs, then each of the operators implementation of the provisions of the "Spring Law" will cost billions of rubles. The total costs of operators, according to the working group "Communication and Information Technologies" under the Russian government will be 5.2 trillion rubles. MTS estimates the required amount of 60 billion rubles for the next five years, Megafon - 35-40 billion, Vimpelcom - 45 billion

    The amounts may vary depending on what kind of hardware configuration and what requirements for its manufacturers will be approved. “So far, no one knows in what form the state will request from market participants the implementation of the requirements of the law. It is one thing if a phased order is adopted, say, for three years. It’s a completely different scenario if you need to ensure full compliance over, say, several months, ”says Olga Sokolova, general director of Linxdatacenter in Russia.

    Costs, as far as can be understood, will be reimbursed by customers. Calculations showthat, in order to compensate the costs, such a large operator as Vimpelcom should charge about 13 rubles per person per month for five years. Most likely, tariffs for the population will be increased by this amount.

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