Moscow nuclear strike

    In contrast to this post, I would like to share with you one interesting document. Apparently, it was distributed among employees of the Ministry of Emergencies, the headquarters of civil defense, emergency, rescue and medical services.

    For official use

    7. INSTRUCTION

    Measures for the situation of "Atomic alarm"

    §1. Preliminary information.

    1.1. The most likely time for a nuclear strike in Moscow is about 18 hours Moscow time. This is due to the fact that:
    a) 10am Washington time allows you to prepare and launch a strike during the working morning of the relevant security forces, without attracting the prematurely increased attention of our intelligence services to the activity of the departments of a possible enemy during off hours;
    b) all types of urban and intercity communications are overloaded at the end of the working day, and coordination of emergency defensive measures is difficult;
    c) the attention of duty services at this particular time decreases;
    d) a significant part of the population is on the road between places of work and residence, which further complicates the coordination of measures and actions;
    e) the transport arteries are paralyzed by traffic jams, and the population located in them is primarily unprotected against damaging factors.


    1.2. The most likely power of thermonuclear munitions is from 2 to 10 megatons. The superpower of ammunition is limited by the capabilities of delivery vehicles and is due to the large area of ​​the Moscow metropolis, the concentration of central intelligence and defense units and enterprises in it, and along its perimeter - the belts of missile and air defense systems, but primarily - the high security of the shelters of the presidential and government apparatus and Ministry of Defense management services, which are the main target.

    1.3. The most probable time from the moment of the “Atomic Alarm!” Warning signal to the moment of a shocking strike:
    a) about 14 minutes when launching ground-based launch vehicles from the territory of the American continent;
    b) about 7 minutes when launching rocket carriers from marine submarine-launched missile carriers, occupying positions in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.
    This corresponds to the flight time of ballistic missiles moving in a suprathospheric space along ballistic trajectories with a speed of the order of the first space, i.e. 7.9 km / s, or approx. 28,000 km / h. In practical conditions, it is possible to provide for some interruptions and delays in communication, which can actually reduce the notification time to a few minutes.

    §2. The “Atomic Alarm!” Signal is emitted by the voice on all television and radio broadcasting channels, and is also duplicated by the sounds of railway locomotives and boats - one long beep and two short beeps that repeat several times.

    §3. Persons who are provided with shelters in accordance with their official position immediately begin to act in accordance with the evacuation plan in the event of an atomic alarm under the supervision of civil defense representatives, or building commandants, or team leaders, or independently. You should act without panic, in an organized manner, without the slightest delay. Any manifestations of panic should be immediately stopped by any possible means, up to the use of force and weapons.

    Not more than 6 minutes later (or earlier, by order of the asylum senior, who was convinced of the presence of all the assigned groups in the asylum) after the first warning signal, all entrances to the asylum should be blocked and blocked according to the combat regime, despite cases that did not manage to take refuge in them and the amount left outside. Attempts to prevent the closure of entrances by any person without exception should be immediately suppressed by any means up to the use of weapons.

    §4. At the signal "Atomic alarm!", Persons not provided with shelters act independently, depending on where they are currently located, without delay and panic, taking all necessary measures to protect themselves and hiding from nuclear damage factors. You should act calmly, competently, evaluating the specific conditions of your whereabouts, by voice and action, prompting others to follow your example and instilling confidence in them. First of all, it is necessary to take care of the safety of children and women, as well as the elderly.

    4.1. If the house has a basement, you should take refuge in the basement. Slots in the doors must be plugged with any cloth, it can be wetted. It is useful to take a small supply of drinking water with you.

    4.2. While in the building, it is better to take refuge in a closed room - an internal corridor, a bathroom, a pantry - which is separated from the outer walls by an additional partition and has no windows. It is also useful to plug the door slots and stock up on water.

    4.3. In a room with a window, lie on the floor with your feet against the outer wall, covering your head with your hands. Choose a place at the bottom or side of the window so that the light hits you as little as possible. It is better to hide from the light behind a heavy object - a closet, sofa, table.

    4.4. Those on the streets should immediately take refuge in buildings, at least in their entrances, or apply other natural shelters, which include:
    a) the subway - the best of all possible shelters;
    b) any basement, boiler room, under ground garages;
    c) sewer wells and tunnels of any underground routes;
    d) foundations and lower premises of new buildings;
    e) underpasses and car tunnels;
    e) warehouses, underground toilets, etc.

    4.5. Being in public land transport, you should immediately leave it and take refuge (see above).

    4.6. When in a car, you should immediately leave it and take cover (see above). When the car is in the tunnel, you should stop in it. If it is impossible to leave the car in a traffic jam or if there are no shelters nearby, you should lie on the floor between the seats and cover your head with your hands, protecting yourself from radiation from outside.

    4.7. If you can’t hide in any room, lie on the ground near the building under the wall opposite the city center, where the epicenter of the explosion will be located. Try to choose a well-yard closed on all sides or a narrow passage between buildings.

    4.8. If you are in a park area away from possible shelters - identify a thick tree, or a hill, or a ditch, or any uneven terrain, or a monument, and lie down with your feet to it, facing the center of the city where the epicenter of the explosion will be located. This will protect you from thermal radiation, which is the main damaging factor.

    4.9. All metro entrances are closed immediately by a warning signal. Any manifestations of panic among the population or attempts to counteract the immediate closure of entrances are suppressed immediately by police station pickets by appropriate means, including the use of weapons to kill. However:
    a) all escalators are switched to the descent; after all citizens descend to the station platforms, all escalators stop;
    b) station staff switches the power supply of all equipment to emergency in an economic mode;
    c) trains do not depart from stations; trains traveling in tunnels on the stages continue to move to the nearest station and remain at it or within the limits of possible proximity;
    d) trains trapped in open spaces should reach the entrances to the tunnels and, if possible, go deep into them.

    §5. In clear, cloudless weather during daylight, the approach of a declining warhead can be determined by a white inversion track, similar to a plane from a plane at a higher altitude, arcuately decreasing from the upper atmosphere in the direction of the center of Moscow at high speed. Remember: the sound of an approaching and descending warhead will not be heard due to its supersonic speed.

    §6. With the accuracy of modern means of guidance, the epicenter of the explosion will be located within the Boulevard Ring, focusing on the Kremlin — Lubyanka — Arbat region.

    §7. In Moscow, one should expect a ground explosion. This slightly reduces the radius of the total damage compared to the aboveground explosion, but increases the strength of the seismic wave, which leads to soil movements such as tectonic disturbances of a character similar to an earthquake of high power in the upper layers, leading to crushing and destruction of even significantly buried shelters of increased strength in radius ten to fifteen kilometers.

    §8. Thermal damaging factor.

    8.1. At the epicenter of the explosion, a light flare arises, in brightness many times greater than the observed sunlight. Within 0.03-0.04 seconds. the flash is formed into a dazzling luminous sphere of 1.5-2 km in diameter, with a temperature of 10-20 million "C. It covers the city center in the radius of the Boulevard Ring - Kremlin - Polyanka, and everything that enters this space instantly ceases to exist, turning into a plasma state.

    8.2. Within a radius of 3-4 km, all objects of organic origin that are directly exposed to the direct thermal radiation of the explosion (uncovered people, animals, plants, wooden parts of buildings facing the explosion) instantly evaporate and incinerate. Asphalt pavements, metal fences, roofs and parts of building structures, concrete and brick walls, including with stone and ceramic cladding, both exposed to direct thermal radiation from the explosion and sheltered to a depth of several meters, melt, evaporate, instantly burn out . All substances, both organic sheltered and inorganic heat-resistant, in the radius of the Garden Ring immediately after the moment of the explosion burn up for several seconds with a temperature of tens of thousands of degrees.

    8.3. Within a radius of 20–25 km, all wooden, plastic, painted surfaces, plants facing the explosion and accessible to direct thermal radiation flash, metal roofs burn out, concrete, brick, glass, metal, stone are melted; window frames burn out, glass evaporates, wires melt, asphalt lights up. The active fire zone instantly covers the city within the Moscow Ring Road. Outside the Moscow Ring Road, an annular forest fire occurs. Fully built-up massifs and forest-park zones ignite. Water bodies of the Moscow River and Yauza evaporate, the upper layer of the Khimki reservoir boils.
    Remember: direct radiation thermal exposure lasts from fractions of a second to several seconds and even up to several tens of seconds depending on the power of the explosion and spreads only in a straight line, that is, any obstacle between you and the explosion in the shadow of which you find yourself can save you life in a situation of sufficient distance from the epicenter of the explosion.

    §9. The shocking factor of the shock wave.

    9.1. The action of the shock air wave begins immediately at the moment of the explosion and follows thermal radiation, however, lagging behind its instantaneous impact as the distance from the epicenter of the explosion, the farther, the longer the time period. In the second zone of destruction, the speed of the air shock wave reaches 1-5 thousand m / s, i.e. everything in this zone, which has already been subjected to heat, is demolished by a powerful explosion in the direction from the epicenter to the periphery, turning into a leveled surface of crushed fragments that burn at high temperatures (the so-called "blowing of the landscape"). Shredded burning debris of substances located between the radii of the Boulevard and Garden Ring are ejected by a shock wave along an expanding concentric circle into zone three.

    9.2. In the third zone, that is, within Moscow inside the Moscow Ring Road, the shock wave velocity decreases somewhat, especially at the surface itself, but continues to remain above supersonic, i.e., up to 300-500 m / s at the Moscow Ring Road, which causes instant destruction all ground structures, both high-rise and low-rise. The red-hot and burning parts of the surfaces facing the epicenter, mixing during demolition with other materials, give the so-called "Fire carpet" with a temperature that ensures the burning of metals and the melting of ceramics. During the passage of the shock wave, individual parts and parts move in the air with velocities of the order of artillery shells, exacerbating the destruction of everything that rises above the surface. All plantations break out, water is squeezed out of all reservoirs.

    9.3. The forests, settlements and airports closest to the MKAD are also subject to complete or primary destruction, partial or complete destruction and burning.

    9.4. Within the entire affected area, a region of sharply reduced atmospheric pressure arises due to both the burning of oxygen in the air and the concentric “spreading” of the air masses. As a result of this, shortly after the passage of the shock wave, a “back shock wave” arises, directed toward the epicenter. It is characterized by a much lower speed, commensurate with the speed of a normal hurricane, but brings masses of fresh oxygen to the entire area of ​​tanning, which creates the effect of "blacksmith bellows", creating the so-called. "Fire storm" over the entire area of ​​defeat. The zone within the Moscow Ring Road is likened to the leveled surface of hot coals in the furnace.

    §10. The seismic effect of a ground explosion causes an “earthquake effect” with compaction and shear of the surface layers. All underground metro structures within the Koltsevaya line and the stations closest to it are destroyed and completely collapsed. All bomb shelters within the Garden Ring are completely destroyed. All basements within the MKAD are completely destroyed. All sewer and ventilation underground structures in the space "Prospect Mira", "Zoo", "Serpukhovskaya", "Ilyich Square" are crushed, destroyed and collapsed. All entrances and exits from the metro, ventilation shafts, emergency and service exits are blocked, or crushed, or completely blocked by a layer of hot mass on the surface.

    §eleven. The external picture of the explosion usually looks and is characteristic of a thermonuclear explosion of high power. The white plasma sphere, covering, like a two-kilometer cap, the center of Moscow and exceeding the Ostankino television tower four times as high, after a few seconds begins to fade, twitch with a crimson smoky shroud and separate from the surface, "floating up" up. The burning city “lays down” in all directions, like a circle of dominoes, is covered with swirling smoke, and streams of smoke and fire rush from the periphery of the MKAD circle to the rising sphere, forming a characteristic “mushroom leg” that expands below to the limits of the affected area, tapering above to the sphere , which is shrouded in a cloud of "mushroom head". Swirling smoke at the foot of the mushroom reaches a kilometer height, the diameter of the "legs" narrows to eight hundred thousand or chi meters under the "hat". The Mushroom continues to rise, and, although the rise looks slow due to its gigantic size, after three to five minutes its height reaches 25-35 km. In an explosion of high power, this picture can stand up to several hours.

    §12. The fire itself, which does not make it possible to begin any kind of rescue work, can continue, taking into account the affected area of ​​the Moscow metropolis, up to several days.

    §thirteen. High radiation background will not allow to begin any kind of rescue work in the metropolis earlier than after 15-20 days, with the exception of special operations of special importance. Conducting any rescue operations should be considered appropriate in an area no closer than 5-10 km beyond the MKAD line.

    §14. The funnel in the epicenter of the explosion is a crater with a diameter of about 2 km and a depth in the center of 200–300 m. Its surface is a vitreous mass up to 10-12 m thick.
    The second lesion zone is a relatively flat surface covered with a layer of vitreous sintered mass 0.3-0.9 m thick.
    The third affected area is a hilly surface, largely covered with a glassy sintered mass from a few millimeters to several centimeters thick.
    Tests of such ammunition, conducted both by the USSR, the USA and France, have reliably shown that attempts to carry out any rescue operations in the indicated radii have no real reason. The defeat of open and sheltered manpower, equipment and structures reaches 100%. Rescue operations should focus on resettlement and assisting people who are outside the immediate impact zone beyond the 100-kilometer zone.
    The metropolis of Moscow should be considered lost forever, any use of its territory in the next decade is absolutely impossible.

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    Bottom line (without any pathos and irony): we all die :(

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