Import substitution, or how Russian Helicopters did something wrong


    Due to the fact that 2020 is approaching and “hour he”, when it will be necessary to report on the execution of the order of the Ministry of Communications on the transition to domestic software (as part of import substitution), I was flown with the task of developing a plan, in fact, to execute the order of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Communications No. 334 dated 06/29/2017. And I began to understand. And the first thing that I came across was an article that “Russian Helicopters” have already done everything and that they need to learn from them. Is everything so smooth? .. Let's watch.

    Not so long ago, Mikhail Nosov, IT Director of Russian Helicopters Holding, spoke about how they carried out the order of the Ministry of Communications on import substitution of software. I showed a presentation with the numbers and benefits of switching to domestic software ... And everything would be fine, but there is only a bunch of inconsistencies ...

    So, in order.

    To begin with - the registry of the Ministry of Communications.

    This article is about the same on a bunch of sites, here is an example. It says "how to" switch to domestic software and all that ... But. Here is one of the first pictures that shows a set of software and its cost per job:


    And here I have a couple of questions:

    1. Linux OS license cost. The fact is that Russian Helicopters is a military organization, the requirements are strict, they cannot take and deliver unverified software, only certified by the FSTEC or the Ministry of Defense. And the price of one such license for the same Astra Linux Special Edition , which, in fact, was introduced in Helicopters, currently stands at 14,900 rubles. a piece. And on the slide we see 0 rubles.
    2. What are Kaspersky for Linux for ? On Windows it was not ..

    About SAMBA , Zabbix and more will be lower, do not worry.

    Move on.

    Image “Import substitution of the server segment”:


    What are we seeing here? Well, at least Q.Virt , which? .. That's right, is also not included in the register of the Ministry of Communications, and therefore also does not fit. There are several virtualization software in the registry, I quote the prices:

    ROSA Virtualization 50 virtual machines costs 470,000 rubles, extension of support for a year - 360,000 rubles.

    ISPSystem VMmanager 1 node 7 239 rub. Accordingly, 50 knots - 361 950 rubles.

    SOFTWARE COMPLEX OF VIRTUALIZATION MEANS “BREST”(based on AstraLinux) it’s basically difficult to understand what they offer, but apparently it’s a hardware platform with virtualization capabilities and remote desktops, an email server (some kind), a DBMS (some kind), and some other software. RDP for 25 users costs 401,280 rubles. The license of the Basic version, for small virtual infrastructures, for 3 servers ( whatever that means ) - 150,000 rubles.

    Other means of virtualization are not available in free sale, which means that each Enterprise will have its own prices, and this is not quite a business, so there is no point in considering them.

    And then, in order: a

    DNS server based on Astra Linux is nothing more than BIND9 . But it is not in the register of the Ministry of Communications. There is only a DNSmanager, and it is paid from 50 domain names. You can use something other than BIND9, but this also will not be in the register of the Ministry of Communications ... That is, again the slip came out. There is no

    DHCP server in the registry at all. My research in the direction of import substitution of software has led to the fact that DHCP (and DNS) can only be legitimately raised on the basis of ROSA Linux , they have their own DHCP server, but I have not figured out what it is based on ...

    AD they replaced with SAMBA ... And again the same thing, it is not in the registry. ROSA has its own authorization server, but I still have not figured out what's under the hood.

    Zabbix - there too. Although it was developed by our compatriot, it is not Russian software.

    GLPI - there too.

    Bacula - there again ...

    Ansible - well, you understand ...

    BUT. There is one big, fatty BUT . There is unofficial information that everything that is included in the OS delivery package is legitimate in terms of import substitution. Officially, I did not find this information. And this calls into question the whole idea with import substitution in its current state. Because all these packages are not domestic, but, as far as one can judge, they were checked and certified, that is, they were approved, and they got into the registry of the Ministry of Communications as part of the operating system ... But if you put them separately from the repositories - it’s already lowering ... I’m xs, what here is the logic and how it works ...

    There is still a picture with the cost of a “typical server”:


    That is, on a typical server they had just that’s it. On each server. VMware vSphere On each. Not free Microsoft Hyper-V Core on virtualization cluster hosts, but on each server using VMware vSphere. And also on SQL Server on everyone. And on top of SharePoint! I can directly see how their admins are smearing their licenses with SharePoint and MSSQLServer! Sorry, could not resist.

    There is also a plate with the number of users (approximate, of course, but still indicative):


    7000 users! And only 52 million rubles for support! True, this does not include virtualization hosts, OS support for 7000 copies, extension of office suite support ...

    In the end I’ll quote "The recommended form of the schedule of the transition of enterprises, institutions, organizations subordinate to the state body to the use of domestic office software, as well as the recommended indicators of the effectiveness of the transition to the use of domestic office software for the period 2017 - 2020 ":


    It does not say about 100% import substitution, which gives enough freedom for the flight of thought

    What conclusions can be drawn from all this? First - do not rush to rush from the very first days after the release of the law projects to implement these same bills, they still have time to change ten times. Second - carefully read these bills, so that later the staff did not have to retrain from one office suite to another three times ...

    Later, when I’ll finish developing an import substitution plan, I’ll definitely share it so that it’s not “everyone can criticize, but you can do it!”

    An article about import substitution planning.

    An article about the choice of a domestic hypervisor.

    An article about "domestic" operating systems.

    An article about systems and services.

    And about the QP OS in addition.

    The software prices shown in the article were taken from the SoftLine website .

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