Buildings that could not be built without computer technology
The older our civilization, the higher and more complex we build buildings. The new millennium generally leads in the number of erected buildings of extraordinary complexity. And in many respects computer technologies contribute to this : engineering software, modeling - all this helps architects to create a really reliable building.
There are already facilities that could not have been built without a computer, and if it had, it would have been for much longer periods than it actually was.
The “shells” of the Sydney Opera House are recognized even by those people who have not only never been to Sydney’s opera, but to the opera in general. This is an interesting architectural solution that has been implemented for a very long time (about eight years), and is now included in the UNESCO list. It should be noted that only for the manufacture of ceramic tiles for "shells" it took three years.
This building was developed for a long time, but it was on it that the effectiveness of the CAD-applications was checked. The British engineer company Ove Arup (now called ARUP) checked the reliability of the selected building design.
As a result, the building turned out to be taller and narrower than planned.
30 St Mary Ax, London - The Gherkin
CAD programs helped identify potential building problems. Engineers foresaw that with the construction of the building in its original form there would be problems with the wind: at the base they foresaw the appearance of turbulences. To minimize this phenomenon, a computer model was created on which the influence of the wind was worked out.
As a result, it was decided to slightly change the design, giving it the shape of an “elongated egg” with a protrusion in the central part. In addition, the facade of the building was covered with glass panels to improve aerodynamic performance, so to speak about the building.
This construction, according to the developers, is an excellent example of what the CAD engineering software complex is capable of.
Great Court, British Museum
Updating individual elements of the world's first public museum is a delicate task. This museum (the British Museum) was first opened to the public in 1759. Since then, his appearance has changed, but slightly.
One of the proposals for updating the structure of the Museum included the transformation of its courtyard into one of the most amazing structures, with a roof made of glass and metal.
The project promised to be very complex, but the architects did the job. Interestingly, the coating was created from 3312 glass panels, each of which was of a unique shape. There were no two identical panels. And the creation of so many different panels, for a single structure, was made possible thanks to the use of software.
Without a computer, this work would stretch for many years.
It has already applied the latest computer technology, in large numbers. The height of the building, as you know, is 828 meters, and it is in Burj Khalifa that there is a swimming pool at an altitude of 76 floors.
Using CAD, specialists were able to test various ducting systems to determine the optimal structure to minimize the effect of strong winds on the building. In addition, CAD helped develop the microstructure of the building, contributing to the good aerodynamic properties of the building.
The microclimate was also modeled using computer systems. In the end, the building was decided to deploy 120 degrees, so that the movement of air masses had a minimal impact on this object.
In this building, the steps go to the very top. Experts wanted to create an optimal acoustic project, in order to minimize the spread of sound in the building. This was helped by computer technology, which showed specialists the propagation of sound waves through the building, with various options for placing steps. Without such testing, specialists would hardly have managed to create something like this.