Innovations in the Russian oil industry through the eyes of a startup

    With the advent of each new crisis in modern Russia, they are recalling import substitution. However, today, to the already characteristic sign of difficult times - the collapse of the ruble, Western sanctions have also been added. They threaten oil production not only offshore, but also on traditional fields. Taking into account hidden imports, in the provision of services by Russian subsidiaries of foreign companies, the share of imported equipment and technologies reaches 80%, and for individual projects it may exceed 90%.

    “Already in the medium term there is a risk of a decrease in production,” the Ministry of Industry and Trade acknowledged and decided to reduce this dependence by at least 50-60% by 2018-2020, and bring it to 1035 very close. All this is good, but where does IT say you? But look at the diagram.



    This is surprising, but according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the largest share of the Western product is far from being in pipes and not even in offshore drilling equipment. Oil industry workers are most dependent on imports of tubing equipment, equipment for geological and seismic exploration, hardware and software systems and automation systems, equipment and technologies for offshore drilling.

    Our authorities understand the danger of such a situation and even began to take preventive measures even before the crisis. As a result, today the total amount of annual state support for civilian research and development, according to Mr. Medvedev, is more than 370 billion rubles. As part of this process, a number of “roadmaps” have been launched in priority areas that are intersectoral in nature. Let me remind you that in the honorable sixth place on the list of these areas are located “high technologies in the fuel and energy complex”. So there is a chance of explosive growth of high-tech startups in the strategic oil industry?

    In this article, I will try to understand this in more detail by looking at the difficulties of introducing high technology into our oil industry through the prism of my eight-year experience in developing electronics for startups in this field and even risking giving some unsolicited advice to those who are ready to try their luck in this field.

    A couple more buckets of honey in our barrel!


    A little more magic of speeches of senior persons and cash flows:
    Dvorkovich claims that in a rather limited period of time, Russia managed to create a basic infrastructure for supporting development in priority areas as a whole. In addition to Skolkovo, the Russian venture company, and Rusnano, and Vnesheconombank, in terms of their competence, the Innovation Assistance Fund, and a number of other institutions are engaged in supporting innovative projects.



    A total of $ 2.5 trillion in investments by 2035 should be directed to products that have yet to be developed for engineering companies in the fuel and energy complex. Already today 60 companies with state participation are implementing innovative development programs with financing of more than 1 trillion 300 billion rubles. The task that they are trying to solve at this price is to ensure the growth of investment in research and thereby increase labor productivity.

    Personally, I was already dizzy from the number of zeros. The numbers allocated to our innovations are comparable to the holy of holies - the military budget! The thing is small - to master them for the benefit of the motherland, well, and not to forget yourself ... Perhaps, it is worth starting with the search for tasks awaiting solutions?

    Has everything been invented before us?


    In order to start development, you must at least find an urgent problem, which there is a chance to solve by spending a reasonable amount of effort and money. It is clear that it is unlikely that it will be possible to design a drilling rig for production in the Arctic ice by 2018 with a budget of several hundred million. But do not despair, not everything is so bad, because even at the stage of primary oil refining, where I had to work, there are still a lot of unsolved problems for the IT specialist and electronics engineer. Or existing solutions are very unreliable.



    Here are just three serious problems you have to deal with:

    As already known to our prosecutors, (remember how Khodorkovsky demonstrated a three-liter with mysterious liquid in court), not pure oil, but some substance, which is a mixture of at least three components - salt water, gas and the actual oil itself, is extracted from the vast majority of wells. Depending on the specifics, a large amount of other impurities (up to sand) can be observed in this well fluid, which greatly complicate the oil refining process. In most of the currently active domestic fields, the oil content ranges from 85 to 15 percent. If the well is in an easily accessible place and the oil contains few harmful impurities, then development can be carried out up to 8 percent, but this can most likely be considered an exception to the rule. Usually, the wells do not stand alone in the open field, but form a bush. Pipelines from several nearby wells are combined into one, and through it the product enters the primary processing. The efficiency and duration of a well’s operation depends quite strongly on the mode of its operation, and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERY well. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. Pipelines from several nearby wells are combined into one, and through it the product enters the primary processing. The efficiency and duration of a well’s operation depends quite strongly on the mode of its operation, and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERY well. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. Pipelines from several nearby wells are combined into one, and through it the product enters the primary processing. The efficiency and duration of a well’s operation depends quite strongly on the mode of its operation, and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERY well. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. and through it the product goes to primary processing. The efficiency and duration of a well’s operation depends quite strongly on the mode of its operation, and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERY well. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. and through it the product goes to primary processing. The efficiency and duration of a well’s operation depends quite strongly on the mode of its operation, and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERY well. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERYONE from the wells. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. and in order to properly configure it, it is very desirable to know the percentage of gas, oil and water at the output of EVERYONE from the wells. So, as it is not surprising, but the problem of determining this ratio on the fly, that is, on-line, still does not have a satisfactory solution. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem. But most of the wells work autonomously and to place samples near each laboratory or even constantly pour samples into test tubes and bring them to the laboratory is an extremely unpleasant and not cheap task. By the way, my first startup was trying to solve this problem.

    Let's go down the chain. Well liquid, in most cases, from the pipe enters the sumps, the purpose of which is to separate oil from gas, reduce the water content by two percent or lower and reduce salinity to an acceptable value. And here we are faced with new problems.

    Firstly, the utilization of associated gas. Just torching is inefficient and environmentally unfriendly, and it turns out to be quite difficult to use for useful purposes! Large humidity and harmful impurities interfere; it is unprofitable to install a large and expensive installation with such volumes.

    Secondly, it would seem a completely trivial task - to determine the phase boundary in the sump. That is, the boundaries above which there is oil with the required water content and below which is relatively clean water that can be drained. It would seem that it could be simpler, but despite the fact that there are hundreds of devices based on completely different operating principles, there are constant problems with this. In most installations, they are still forced to use archaic floats as sensitive elements! Huge problems are associated with this, especially in deposits with high viscosity or a large number of harmful impurities. The floats quickly overgrow with sediments, because of which their balance is disturbed. At times, they begin to jam elementarily. We solved this problem in my second project.

    You can continue for a long time, but I hope I have already managed to convince you that there is still something for innovators to do, even in the traditional oil industry, I generally keep silent about shale production.

    Is the best strategy true?


    So, let’s say the first stage is completed, you have found yourself an urgent task that you can handle and already understand that you are able to solve it. The next step is to show potential investors and clients what indisputable advantages your device will have in comparison with analogues that already exist on the market. Well, we got to the first problems!

    When you buy a cheap Chinese tester on the radio market, in many cases the accuracy of its readings is even higher than the passport one, at least as long as the batteries are fresh, the probe sockets remain in contact and it does not begin to fall apart like almost any Chinese junk. Naturally, one should expect that in such an industry regulated by certificates as industrial automation, everything is much more serious ... I also thought so at first. And ... he was very mistaken.

    Surprisingly, the following stories are perfectly in order:
    • The innovative Israeli ultrasonic three-dimensional scanner for tens of thousands of dollars is terribly buggy, and the data transfer process freezes more often than the mobile Internet in the Ust-Uryupinsky electric train unless of course it is still not optimized.
    • An American gas generator, which is even an order of magnitude more expensive, crashes with associated gas every few months when associated gas is burned.
    • The American sensor for determining the water cut of oil, from a company that, according to advertising brochures, has been a leader in this field for 20 years, not only does not deliver the promised accuracy of 1 percent in the entire range, but even does not fit as a phase separation sensor - it really cannot determine where the emulsion ends and where the water begins for most deposits.



    The most honest manufacturers in my opinion are the Germans. However, even the inscription “Made in Germany” does not guarantee that a super fancy radar worth more than ten thousand euros, tuned in the summer to determine the upper boundary of coal tar, in winter, when the level of steam in the tank rises significantly, will not go crazy. By the way, this is another seemingly simplest unsolved problem. At the Gubakhinsky Coke Chemistry, this problem is still being solved in an extremely innovative way - “Uncle Vasya” periodically crawls onto a tall tank and lowers a piece of pipe with a powerful light bulb attached to it on a long cable. Then he lifts and measures the distance to the mark obtained on the pipe with a tape measure.

    It remains a mystery to me - how are all these devices certified? Honestly, I used to think that among bourgeois this process is much stricter than ours, but judging by how often the declared characteristics of devices differ from real ones, this is not so. Perhaps they carry out certification exclusively in ideal laboratory conditions. Perhaps, as we often do, the need for comprehensive testing is replaced with a thick bundle of pleasantly rustling bills and a fun-filled banquet.

    It would not be worth spending so many printed characters on these nuances if this fact did not have several unpleasant consequences:

    Firstly, faced with similar stories and throwing a ton of money into the pipe, the leaders of large companies become conserved conservatives. At their insistence, lists of trusted suppliers are created and it is almost impossible for the company not included in this pool to sell.

    Secondly, for me personally it is completely not clear what characteristics to declare for the device you are developing? Suppose it gives an accuracy of not 1, but 5 percent, but it works stably in such extreme conditions in which others are not able to provide any sane result. If you honestly mention in the presentation of your device about these 5 percent, you cause the anger of your marketers and bewilderment of investors. Yes, and potential customers are surprised why they are offered devices that are an order of magnitude worse than existing analogues? If you promise the impossible, then already at the stage of “field testing” you can get negative feedback from the client.
    How this dilemma is solved I do not know.

    Explosion Certification. It's all for an adult!


    When creating devices for the oil industry, you always need to remember that in the vast majority of cases your device will be in an explosive zone, which means that, among others, an explosion protection certificate MUST be required. With the receipt of this document, a picture is quite different from certification for a measuring instrument or electromagnetic compatibility, where the ball is ruled by a golden calf. Nobody wants to be extreme in a situation when a drilling rig, and even more so a petrochemical plant, flies up into the air. Hackwork will fail. This does not mean that you will not have the opportunity to spend extra money on this process. The good samuretans from the certification organization will be happy to help make the necessary changes to the case or choose the right spark-extinguishing chain, of course not for free.



    If from the very beginning you have not determined which explosive zone your device will operate in and did not start development taking into account the appropriate type of explosion protection, in most cases you will face serious additional financial costs at the stage when “almost everything is ready”. In a particular case, you may just need to redo the entire project from scratch. Believe me, this is very serious!

    Cadres decide everything.


    It is highly desirable to have two or three people in a team with experience in development, or at least work in this industry, who know the nuances. And there will be a lot of them, believe me. So the electronics engineer will have to try to adapt his device to the stringent requirements of spark-extinguishing circuits, and if this is not possible, then try to fit into the framework due to the use of enclosures with an explosion-proof enclosure.

    An even bigger stumbling block may be the case for designers. So it happened to me in the first startup. Despite the fact that we had it developed by experienced designers, when it came to certification for explosion protection, I went through five iterations of explosion tests, after each of which refinements were carried out according to the proposals of experienced experts. It took a huge amount of time and money. If the design of analogs with similar dimensions were initially taken into account during the design, then it would hardly have taken more than two iterations.
    If possible, it is best to choose enclosures from the standard range and design electronics, taking into account their size, but even then there will be a lot of problems, for example, with the selection of cable entries and cable type ... The hermetic enclosure requires special measures to combat the occurrence of condensation and its consequences. Operation in the northern territories makes us extremely responsible for reliable operation in conditions of low temperatures. By the way, not only hypothermia, but also overheating under direct sunlight can become a serious problem.

    The project to develop new high-tech equipment for oil refining is a very costly task, compared to a startup in the field of IT ... We need a lot of money for numerous certificates, the organization of pilot tests and, finally, the establishment of production. Therefore, do not save on experienced specialists with a special education. However, young people as an injection of fresh blood, of course, will not hurt.

    After the laboratory tests on oil are completed, your prototype is waiting for the next stage. Testing on a specially created laboratory bench with real well fluid by hook or by crook removed from the facility. And now, when you try to bring the quality of determining the parameter you need to perfection, and the investor finally loses patience, the business will certainly reach the stage of trial operation. This is a very responsible and difficult moment.

    It is not at all easy to convince people on the ground to put your device to the test until you have at least an explosion protection certificate. And you can get it already on the finished product. If you spend a lot of time and money certifying the sample, then in case of changes you will have to go through the procedure again! Vicious circle. Real life is very different from experiments in the laboratory and presents many unexpected surprises.



    “Uncle Kolya” can tear off the terminal block when connecting the cable to the device, it can break the thread. The connecting cable may be longer than you expected or not at all the same type. In the sedimentation tanks of depleted fields and fields with a high oil content, very different processes can occur. An available 24-volt power supply can produce all forty with a small load current ... Unexpected large and small dirty tricks await you literally at every step. In this situation, the human factor is very important.
    Most likely, the equipment developer will have to take a direct part in the business trip. This is a huge stress for people of a technical mentality and character. It is very difficult during the day to carry out experiment after experiment under the supervision of curious Aborigines and their impatient bosses, and in the evening it is feverish to correct errors in the code, putting patches on non-volatile unexpected processes in the tank. Everything possible must be done to establish good relations with local KIPovtsy. Talking heart-to-heart on technical and abstract topics, as well as small but useful gifts in everyday activities, such as Japanese side cutters or a pocket RLC meter, help to build relationships, which will more than pay off later.

    Business trips tend to drag out, and you have to spend more than a week in terrible mode - during the day look for the cause of incorrect operation and try to fix physical problems with improvised means, and at night edit the code often in conditions far from ideal. The most extreme thing I had to experience was living in a room intended for a working shift. Passing yard, faces change every two hours. Someone wants to watch TV, someone to chat, someone to dry footcloths ... And so all night. And early in the morning get up on the object, despite the fact that the road from Moscow to the object took almost a day and you have a roof going from the time difference.

    If you can’t get anywhere from this, you should at least try to minimize the damage. On a business trip, it is advisable to travel at least together. At the same time, one person solves technical issues, and the second organizational. He agrees on access to the facility, distracts the local authorities with conversations, knocks out pieces of paper for taking samples in the laboratory or permitting a temporary stop of the control system or changing parameters close to critical in order to check the response of the device to serious deviations ...

    Well, good advice is to spare no money encouraging employees involved in commissioning, especially in the event of a successful outcome. Otherwise, it will be extremely difficult to send them there next time.

    National features


    The energy industry now lives in conditions of state capitalism. On the one hand, it lowers the level of competition, on the other hand, it can theoretically help with entering the market.

    In recent years, companies leading in the field of oil and gas production, such as Rosneft, Lukoil, Bashneft, Gazprom, have a work order for introducing innovations. In practice, this is reflected in the fact that there are people in the field responsible for innovation. They try to encourage ordinary employees to make various kinds of rational proposals and provide assistance for their subsequent implementation. The most promising, from their point of view, ideas are sent up the career ladder, where they are trying to organize the development of new equipment based on them. The system is highly bureaucratized and works with great creak, nevertheless, you can try to use this mechanism to establish partnerships to promote your project.

    We tried, but got an unexpected result. It turned out that in the bowels of Lukoil was born a draft solution to the same problem that we were working on. Their version turned out to be more expensive and less reliable, but a certain amount of money was already invested in it, and despite the fact that the work on it actually came to a standstill, they no longer had the opportunity to take part in financing our project.

    In recent years, various technoparks have been growing like mushrooms on yeast to organize public-private partnerships, but in practice it is very difficult to use their services to develop a serious project. First of all, getting a serious amount is very difficult. Secondly, the conditions under which the money is offered cannot be called particularly attractive. The conversation is conducted approximately in this vein:

    Need money? We’ll give a couple of millions for the certification of a prototype and testing, but on condition that you invest the same amount yourself. Yes, and we want half of your business for this. Oh, you have already invested 5 million in development and another 10 million will be required to organize production. But this does not concern us. Who do you or we need money for? Once you, then these are your problems.

    However, the most toothy sharks of venture business in the Wild West do not have such appetites. But that would be half the trouble, if not for our glorious organs. They vigilantly watch that the money is returned on time, and the production of the product was launched no later than the appointed hour X. You didn’t succeed? So you are a fraudster brother and a place for you in a state-owned house, and not in the ranks of startups ...

    The Threat of Great Chinese Expansion


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    Import substitution is a good thing, but it is a matter of the future, even the closest, according to the most optimistic forecasts. It takes several years to bring the product to an industrial design in this industry, and equipment is needed today, so that tomorrow we will not receive, to all our troubles, in addition, a reduction in oil production.

    To date, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has prepared a list of foreign companies that could replace American and European suppliers. It mentions three companies from South Korea: Daewoo, LHE and KwangShin (compressors and plate heat exchangers), one each from India (Indore Composite, reagents), Belarus (Naftan, additives) and Singapore (NuStar, subsea equipment).

    For most of the positions, Chinese manufacturers are called as alternative suppliers: a total of several dozen companies, including CNPC, China National Logging Corporation, Shanghai Electric Heavy Industry, Huawei.

    Russian oil workers are in a hurry and can be understood. Already, they are negotiating with new suppliers. Rosneft is discussing with CNPC the possibility of joining forces in the field of oilfield services, equipment manufacturing and R&D. Due to the sanctions of alternative suppliers, including in Asia, Gazprom Neft is also seeking.

    For several years, Chinese manufacturers have been supplying mobile and stationary drilling rigs to the Russian market in small batches, but they have not yet been allowed to engage in serious projects.

    It is worth noting that at present up to 80 percent of the products of eminent western brands are produced in China. We are talking about material-consuming and energy-consuming parts of equipment. Then all this is equipped with a high-tech component - electronics, computer systems, software and enters the market under the brand name of famous companies.

    Ideally, Russian companies for the quick organization of import substitution should go the same way - organize the assembly production of Chinese equipment in Russia, and do the "brains" on their own. We are now trying to organize such a joint production in Ufa, the well-known Uralvagonzavod, which has everything in order with state investments.

    However, the Chinese are striving for something completely different. They waited a long time and today they want to seize the moment to conquer our market with our help. So, Huawei announced one of its highest priorities the development of integrated solutions in the field of communication technologies for the oil and gas industry. So far, she has very few completed projects in Russia, but the process of actively testing her solutions by the largest companies is already in full swing. A representative of Huawei does not disclose final customers, but claims that they began to consider Huawei's proposals before the imposition of sanctions, and the company is ready to provide them "now."

    Russian producers fear that the turn of oil workers to the East will hinder the development of domestic production. There is a serious danger that the Russians will have to compete for the customer with Chinese suppliers in unequal conditions, especially financial ones. Since 2015, China has terminated the state support program for subsidizing its industry in the fuel and energy sector, but for a long time tied loans from Chinese banks will continue to operate, which they willingly give out for oil and gas projects involving the supply of Chinese equipment. It will be easier for oil companies to work with Chinese manufacturers, but in the long and medium term it is a danger of a new dependence on imports: China may simply begin to dictate its terms on the supply of equipment and price.

    By the way, the price of Chinese equipment will not be much cheaper than the western one, but it is inferior in quality. On the one hand, they understand at the top that they need to focus on localizing the production of oil and gas equipment in Russia, firstly, due to the fact that the industry is strategic, and secondly, to create jobs inside the country and get taxes here. But Russian manufacturers will not be able to cope with the required development timelines. So, today our country stands at a very serious fork. Officials decide who will save our oil industry Chinese suppliers or Russian manufacturers and developers.

    A picture from investors


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    But how do investors assess the situation? Let's look at the results of one of the surveys of the “Russian Venture Company”.
    69% of projects in Russia are low-quality stratups (17% are of very low quality), the share of projects of medium quality, in their opinion, is 24%, above the average - 7%. But even that small part of Russian projects that investors recognize as successful does not see prospects for further business development in Russia. The state does not create a sufficiently comfortable environment for the development of innovative entrepreneurship, according to participants in the innovation market. Only 16% of respondents believe that the effectiveness of government spending over the past 10 years has increased. The effectiveness of tax incentives and benefits that Russian innovators can take advantage of is also poor. Most market participants (45%) consider such measures insufficient. Another 16% rate them as "very low." Only 6% of respondents indicated that preferences were highly effective. The legal regime of innovative activity in Russia is also uncomfortable. 55% of respondents evaluate it negatively. 38% of respondents consider the level of development of the legal regulation of innovation activity “insufficient and requiring additional efforts of the state” and only 7% - “comfortable”. The combination of problems leads to the fact that Russian innovation business is disappointed in the domestic business environment. Almost 60% of respondents believe that incentives to maintain Russian jurisdiction are not enough, and only 7% believe that they are enough. The combination of problems leads to the fact that Russian innovation business is disappointed in the domestic business environment. Almost 60% of respondents believe that incentives to maintain Russian jurisdiction are not enough, and only 7% believe that they are enough. The combination of problems leads to the fact that Russian innovation business is disappointed in the domestic business environment. Almost 60% of respondents believe that incentives to maintain Russian jurisdiction are not enough, and only 7% believe that they are enough.

    What do we do?


    How are our officials going to avoid the prospect of a monopolization of the market by China?
    • To update the innovative development programs of state-owned companies by introducing appropriate indicators into the system of performance indicators. Manually dock state-owned companies with leading research and research centers, both academic and university.
    • In the field of public procurement, it is planned to determine the status of the register of innovative products, technologies and services that are recommended for use in the Russian Federation as procurements of companies with state participation.
    • In the development of financial infrastructure, it is proposed to expand the volume of financing of innovative projects through equity financing and the creation of corporate venture funds.
    • The experience of pilot projects, such as the Moscow Skolkovo project, the Tatarstan Innopolis, the Tomsk innovation cluster, should be extended to other regions. It is planned to search for new forms of ways to support innovative activity.
    • Finally, begin to create a system for supporting the technical, scientific and technical creativity of children and youth, which was one of the main advantages of the Soviet Union. Develop and start implementing support for talented children and youth.




    In words, everything is correct and beautiful, but what do we have today in practice?
    • State-owned companies and state corporations are very inert structures. Their hierarchical structure is not the right place for the explosive growth of innovation
    • Financial schemes for interacting with private investors, at their own risk and starting development, are not thought out.
    • Law enforcement agencies do not distinguish fraud from the risks inherent in the development of high-tech projects.
    • Credit resources are prohibitively expensive today.
    • The salary of the faculty is ridiculously low. Funding for science is declining, and a huge part of the existing grants are received by structures affiliated with the Kurchatov Center, which is under the control of Mr. Kovalchuk.
    • Transformations in secondary education lead to the destruction of specialized schools for gifted children. For years and even decades, they created a special environment and teaching teams that are now being destroyed.

    And most importantly. Who will carry out the breakthrough transformations described above? Exactly those who brought the situation to today's situation? But there are no other personnel in the system, with completely clogged social elevators, and cannot be.

    To the madness of the brave we sing songs


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    Well, we will do what we can and hope for the future. I do not want to end the article on a minor note. I will try to raise the spirit to make a digest and analysis of Russian startups related to the oil industry. Despite all the difficulties of the TOP-50 Russian, according to the Russian Startup Rating, as many as five are closely related to developments in the oil sector.

    PS And I also have some instructive stories in my reserve of attempts to make breakthroughs in projects with different sources of financing. One developed under the wing of the Bortnik and Transneft Foundation. The second in the framework of public-private partnership with Gazprom and Rusnano. The third was financed by BusinessAngel. I am sure that acquaintance with them will be interesting, only time would be found!

    Only registered users can participate in the survey. Please come in.

    What are the prospects for the development of high-tech IT business and electronics in the Russian oil industry until 2018?

    • 7.7% Explosive growth caused by import substitution. eleven
    • 23.2% Nothing will change, we will continue to buy everything in the West as before. 33
    • 13.3% We will turn to the products of Chinese heavy machinery, but we will supply them with our electronics and software 19
    • 30.9% Chinese expansion on all fronts is inevitable 44
    • 24.6% Last real startups will flow west 35

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