The first astronaut president in the world

Published on November 27, 2017

The first astronaut president in the world

    At the moment, only 551 people have been in space - a vanishingly small number of the entire population of the Earth at 7.6 billion (only 0.00000725%). But given the strong motivation they had to make their way into the cosmonauts / astronauts / taikonaut, and the kind of fame they received as a result of their flights - there were quite a few politicians among them, but there were no country leaders until October 2 In this case, we are talking about the post of Governor-General of Canada ). They became Julie Louise Payette



    - an engineer, an entrepreneur and an astronaut who has performed 2 flights into space, who knows 6 languages ​​(including English and French, as well as Spanish, Italian, German and Russian), plays the piano and flute, runs, skiing, tennis, diving and among other things, acted as a singer with the Montreal Symphony Orchestra .

    Julie Payet was born on October 20, 1963 in Montreal into the family of a theater accountant and engineer. After graduation, she enrolled at Atlantic International College in South Wales, which she graduated in 1982. By 1986, she received a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from McGill University , after which she continued her studies at the University of Toronto, which she graduated in 1990 with a master's degree in applied sciences. The first 2 years of this period she worked in the engineering department in the Canadian division of IBM, and the second 2 years in the university itself in the direction of computer speech recognition, which was the subject of her diploma.
    She got the attention of IBM ’s chief executive, Claude Guaya , while she was a student at McGill University and was hired right after graduation. “It was immediately clear that we got a very gifted employee,” recalls Guai. “People raved about what kind of work she would do. We were very disappointed when she left. ”

    During the second space flight.

    After graduating, she entered the IBM Communications and Science Department in Zurich . In January 1992, she returned to Canada to work in the Bell-Northern Research speech research group in Montreal. At the same time, she submitted an application to the Canadian Space Agency ( CSA ) among 5,330 applicants and on June 8 she was enrolled in the CSA astronaut with 4 selected candidates, including Christopher Hadfield . In 1993, she organized a human-computer interaction group in an astronaut detachment, and also served as a technical specialist in an international speech research group at NATO until 1996.
    In the late 1980s, Julie Payette asked Graham Hirstabout whether she could enroll in a magistracy at the University of Toronto, but the answer was no because Payatt had a computer science education, but not computer science. “However, she does not accept negative answers,” says Professor Hurst. She entered the course by filling in gaps in her free time education. “Brilliant, hardworking, a little persistent”: so said Professor Hurst describing his student, who succeeded in everything that she would not begin. In his opinion, it was the natural choice for the 1992 space set. He also believes that it is a suitable choice for the post of governor-general of Canada. “Miss Payette is classified as kind and polite people. She was both a student and an astronaut, ”he adds.
    In preparation for her space flight in February 1996, she received a pilot's license and spent 120 hours in the role of operator-researcher on a plane simulating weightlessness. Already in April of the same year, she conducted training and received a license for deep-sea diving in a hard space suit, and in August she entered training at the Lyndon Johnson Space Center and 2 years later was assigned to the crew of the Discovery STS-96 Shuttle. During this flight, which took place from May 27 to June 6, 1999, the ISS was not yet completed and consisted of only two modules, and Julie Payett became the 7th astronaut



    Canada and the 1st visited the ISS, as well as the 2nd Canadian woman in space. During this flight, she assisted astronauts during their spacewalk and carried out repair of the batteries of the Zarya module together with the Russian cosmonaut Valery Tokarev .

    “Looking back, it was the most sensible choice,” says astronaut Marc Garno , who was on the commission that selected the 1992 set astronauts, and is also acting minister of transport.
    In 2000, she became a senior astronaut at the space agency, working as a CAPCOM (communications operator with the crew) until her second assignment to the STS-127 Shuttle “Endeavor” crew on February 11, 2008. The second flight of Julie Payet took place on July 15-31, 2009 and mainly consisted in the continuation of the construction of the ISS. In this flight, she controlled the station's manipulator, together with Timothy Kopra and Koichi Wakata, to whom they transferred equipment for the Japanese Kibo experimental module from the Shuttle cargo compartment . After retiring from CSA, she worked at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.







    in Washington, being at the same time a representative of the Quebec government in the United States. At the same time, she was a member of the board of Own The Podium and the Board of Directors of the Olympic Committee of Canada during the 2010 Winter Olympics .


    From left to right: Betty Fox, Jacques Villeneuve , Ann Murray , Bobby Orr , Donald Sutherland , Barbara Ann Scott , Romeo Duller Julie Payet carrying the Olympic flag during the opening of the Olympic Games.

    She spent the next 3 years as executive director of the Montreal Science Center Museum and Vice President of Canada Lands Company, and since April 2014 she has become directorNational Bank of Canada , as well as at various times served on the board of directors of Queens University , the Foundation of the Scientific Center of Montreal, the Montreal Bach Festival, the Children of Canada Organization Without Drugs and others. She is also a member of the International Academy of Cosmonautics and a member of the engineering advisory board of McGill University.


    On October 2, 2017, at the inauguration ceremony

    on July 13, 2017, she received recommendations from Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau for the post of 29th Governor GeneralCanada, after which her candidacy was approved by the Queen of England for the post. She took office on October 2 of this year, thus becoming also the 4th leader of Canada in her 150-year history. After the inauguration, she encouraged all Canadians to work together on issues such as climate change, migration, and poverty:
    “Anyone can achieve everything by rising above the problem if he works together with others, lowering his personal problems for the sake of achieving the highest goal and doing what is right for the common good. This is exactly what I hope will reflect my service as governor-general, ”she said.

    List of awards
    2000 — Рыцарь национального ордена Квебека
    2001 — Кавалер ордена Плеяды Франкофонии
    2010 — Член канадского авиационного зала славы
    2010 — Канадская золотая медаль инженеров
    2010 — Офицер ордена Канады
    2012 — Медаль бриллиантового юбилея королевы Елизаветы II
    2016 — Командир ордена Монреаля

    Honorary Degrees
    1999 — доктор наук университета Куинса
    1999 — почётный доктор университета Оттавы
    2000 — доктор права университета Саймона Фрейзера
    2000 — докторская степень университета Лаваля
    2001 — докторская степень университета Реджайна
    2001 — докторская степень Королевского дорожного университета
    2001 — доктор наук университета Торонто
    2002 — доктор наук Викторианского университета
    2002 — доктор наук университета Nipissing
    2003 — доктор наук университета Макгилла
    2004 — почётный доктор университета Маунт-Сент-Винсент
    2004 — доктор наук университета Макмастера
    2005 — доктор наук Летбриждского университета
    2006 — докторская степень Альбертского университета
    2010 — доктор наук университета Британской Колумбии
    2010 — доктор наук Йоркского университета
    2010 — доктор наук университета Конкордия
    2010 — доктор наук университета Уотерлу
    2011 — доктор права Ниагарского университата
    2012 — доктор технических наук Карлтонского университета
    2012 — доктор технических наук университета Ванкувера
    2013 — доктор наук университета Манитобы
    2013 — доктор права университета Калгари
    2016 — доктор технических наук Технологического института Британской Колумбии