Polyphase sleep: reviews, "theory", personal experience
Lack of time is one of our main concerns. Moreover, he lacks not only for work, but also for leisure, physical and moral. There is a great temptation to “eat” the hours that are missing for us from such an obscure pastime as a dream.
Accordingly, lack of sleep is the second big problem for a modern person (and at the same time, which is typical, it usually does not solve the first one). I often don’t feel like stupidly going to bed on time: there is such a bad feeling that only sleep and work will remain in life.
On time - this means reserving for sleep at least 8 hours, as we were all taught. But in the end, in fact, most of us sleep for 6 hours, and then "come off" on the weekend. But although these 6 hours are not enough for sleep, they are still too much in a day: the desire (and tendencies!) To “cut back” the dream even more - they do not disappear. In search of a magic pill “how little to sleep and get enough sleep”, I, like probably many, at one time came across the doctrine of polyphase sleep.
What is it?
There is even a Wikipedia article about this phenomenon. It is also called (completely unreasonable) "da Vinci's dream" and "wolf's dream." According to a legend prevalent among “polyphase” fans, Leonardo slept just like that, due to which he managed to study, invent and create so many things. Alas, this is a fake. The second name owes its appearance to the fact that the sleep mode of many animals in the wild is close to poly rather than monophasic. But it seems that no special studies on this subject have been conducted.
Polyphase sleep - sleep is not a “single unit”, 8 hours a day, but little by little at regular intervals. At the same time, its total time is reduced, up to only 2 hours per day (depends on which mode you specifically selected). There are several possible modes described.
The habit of taking a nap after lunch, it turns out, allows us to rank its carriers as practicing polyphase sleep - this is the Siesta mode, sleep 5-6 hours at night and another 1-1.5 hours after dinner.
More unusual and harsh modes:
“Everyman”: 1 time 1.5-3 hours at night and 3 times for 20 minutes. during the day.
"Dymaxion": 4 times for 30 minutes during the day at regular intervals, i.e. every 6 hours.
"Uberman": 6 times for 20 minutes. during the day at regular intervals, i.e. every 4 hours.
Finally, there is a story that Nikola Tesla adhered to a certain polyphase sleep regimen, named after him “Tesla”: 1 time 2 hours at night and 1 time 20 minutes. in the afternoon. As with Leonardo, no reliable historical evidence exists.
If you do not take the well-known "Siesta", then in practice, mainly attempts are made to use "Everyman", "Dymaxion" and "Uberman" (judging by the reports of experimenters on the Web).
I myself tried a polyphase dream a year and a half ago. Being a man (I want to believe) intelligent and cautious, I then tried to collect the maximum information about this phenomenon in order to form a healthy attitude. Here is what happened.
There are really relatively many reports on the Web of people who have tried “polyphase” (and over the past year and a half there have been even more). In RuNet such reports, you can easily find two or three dozen.
Of these, a number can be immediately discarded as not satisfying the criteria of adequacy and reliability. For example, on reports with spelling and grammar errors, "torn" texts; I didn’t pay attention to the articles posted on sites promoting the personal effectiveness of bad behavior (“Supermodet: Stop Sleeping to Become a New Man and Start Making Money in Five Days!”).
On the contrary, a number of other reports seem reliable. For example, posted on blogs, where you can read other entries and form an opinion about the author in their context.
The overall final impression was this: it works.
Most of the reports were positive: tried it - it worked. A number of negative ones described failure rather than some deplorable consequences from the experiment. Then, a year and a half ago, I found only one report, which stated that the result of the polyphase sleep attempt was a serious disability that persisted after the transition to normal mode (by the way, this report was among the "reliable").
And for most of the negative reports, it was clear that the authors violate the main rule of transition to polyphase sleep: they do not stand the new regime clearly, they get off, so that “no fish or meat” comes out. And to go through the difficultly felt transition period, according to the gurus of this topic, it is possible only with a consistent approach and clarity, avoiding disruptions in the new regime.
Speaking of gurus. Although ideas a la polyphase sleep often gather around themselves a certain section (or even a whole sect ...), the circle of not quite adequate fans, this time I did not come across anything like this. And this is good.
The most detailed, generalizing personal and not only experience book on polyphase sleep was written by a certain American living in Michigan, known as PureDoxyk. This young lady also has twitter, and, probably, excavations on the Web could let her know her name and biography, but I did not do this. The book states that the author has a degree in philosophy, practices polyphase sleep for many years and feels great.
The book is well written, and it is felt even in the Russian “brain-brain” translation. The author is a person with brains and charisma. The text is just hung with disclaimers urging the reader to take polyphase sleep responsibly, making the transition clear and not making it an excuse for a messy and ineffective sleep. And then ...
Here we are, in fact, moving on to theory. Well, that is, to the "theory".
“Theory” is such
A dream, as we know, is divided into phases of slow sleep and fast sleep, and the lion's share of our rest is occupied by a slow sleep. Allegedly, it is not as useful for the body as a fast one, and it is precisely them that the followers of the "polyphase" suggest neglecting.
Upon transition to the polyphase sleep mode, the brain learns to "dive" immediately into fast sleep, bypassing the slow stage. When the transition is complete, the “zombie state” characteristic of this period passes. A person gets the opportunity to sleep much less during the day, while relaxing as fully as with an 8-hour sleep, and all due to the “slipping” of the “unnecessary” phase of slow sleep. A full transition, by the way, takes about a month, and the "state of zombies" lasts about 10 days, subject to strict adherence to the new regime. If it is violated, it is delayed.
Polyphase sleep is as natural for humans as it is for animals (remember “wolf sleep”). So babies sleep. People often come to this regime naturally in extreme conditions: in war, for example.
All that was said above about the “theory” is not my personal point of view, but the very basis that the proponents of the “polyphase” bring to their experiments. It seems to me at least controversial and very common. However, the availability of positive reports on the Web, the charm of the PureDoxyk book and the desire for a magic pill prompted me to try.
For myself, I decided this way: it is obvious that even if the theory is incorrect, the "polyphase" takes place in practice. If the stars are lit, then someone needs it. Perhaps this mode is intended for humans as extreme, and does harm only in the long run.
I just left work at the office for freelance - and decided to try it. Like most whose reports I found on the Web, I took the “Uberman” mode, developed, in fact, by PureDoxyk.
How it was
I will say right away that I did not last long. I did not repeat the mistake of many experimenters and withstood the periods of sleep and wakefulness very clearly. I did not encounter another problem that so many write about - the inability to wake up; I always heard the alarm clock and found the will to rise.
I redid a number of cases that my hands couldn’t reach for six months (for example, I washed a kitchen cabinet covered in greasy soot), and half-passed the Call of Cthulhu game - in those night hours when I simply could not do anything else, because my head didn’t think at all .
I stopped the experiment already on the third day, faced with a problem about which not a single report warned me - my heart started to hurt. Not too much, but every time with very specific movements. I went down, noted in the logbook: "the end" and went to sleep.
On the one hand, I didn’t have such problems either earlier or later, but on the other, the pains appeared before the start of the sleep experiment, obviously, as a result of several days of a completely disordered regime and an earlier lack of sleep associated with this experience . The new regime only made them regular and strengthened.
Therefore, despite the experience, the final opinion of such a dream I did not build. Obviously, if you try, you need to take this attempt very seriously, prepare even more carefully. Although the experiment did not last very long, I completely drank unusual psychological sensations, which gave even worse than lack of sleep. The dream began to be felt by some existential value, and the realization that it wasn’t enough to sleep in the future didn’t work out, that this regimen - it was forever - was really scary.
Perhaps in the future I will try again. But those wishing to perform such experiments would like to warn again: preparation is needed. Well, and, probably, the approach in itself, when you increase your effectiveness as such - an intensive approach - is more correct than an extensive one: an attempt to simply “stretch the time” without solving deep organizational problems.