Try rabbit droppings, it is hearty, it will penetrate - extracts in pharmacology


    Ibotenic acid, avoid urinotherapy with its use.

    Many people think that herbal therapy is gentle and safe. Like a grandmother. This is a deep misconception. Among the herbs there is a whole bunch of completely natural types of poisons such as digitalis, which will cause cardiac arrest with glycosides. And ordinary, habitual medicinal herbs require the most complicated production and control: people in white coats release active substances in huge twenty-ton steel tanks with the help of various enzymes and extractants. Nobody crushes a chamomile with his hands, everything happens by means of a reaction.

    The normal production line is no longer like alchemical laboratories with dark rooms, bunches of incomprehensible herbs and various mortars. Now these are spacious lighted halls containing complex automated production lines, where the final product is obtained from the original plant materials under sterile conditions.

    Therefore, today I will tell you how people discovered medicinal plants for themselves and why you shouldn’t brew from your heart a natural tea from the monk Spasokukotsky-Kochergin, bought during the excursion.

    Brew a fly agaric, Bjorn!


    First, a couple of illustrations from the dark ages of medicine.

    Stimulants - a very peculiar thing. They can spur the effectiveness of the body, but it will have to pay for it later. We are not iron, and we can work for wear very long. Nevertheless, there are situations when it is necessary to perform emergency tasks - even at the cost of your own health. And then pharmacologists carefully select components, stimulants and painkillers. Harmful, but it helps to accomplish the combat mission, work out for three days without a break inside the emergency submarine and clear several quarters of debris after an earthquake. There are several well-known stimulants available to ordinary people: a decoction of tea and roasted coffee seeds.

    In ancient times, people also used different versions of stimulants. One of the most famous is the red fly agaric and its close relatives. Extremely poisonous, but when did it stop someone? The decoction of this mushroom was probably one of the first "combat cocktails" known to man. According to one of the hypotheses, the berserks drank it before the battle to enter the combat trance. The first mention of them by the skald, Thorbjorn Hornklovi, comes in about 872 years. Snorri Sturluson (isl. Snorri Sturluson) described them as follows: “One was able to do so that in battle his enemies were blind or deaf, or fear enveloped them, or their swords became no sharper than sticks, and his people went into battle without armor and were like mad dogs and wolves, bit the shields and were compared by force with bears and bulls. They killed people, and they were not taken either by fire or iron.



    Amanitas contain a large number of psychoactive substances, the effects of which could well be used by ancient warriors to achieve a state of combat trance. Berserk could fight for a long time, even when mortally wounded, before setting off to feast in Valhalla. And the various toxic effects of muscarin, which stimulates the m-cholinergic receptors, gave a particularly creepy look to those who took it. Just imagine a warrior whose eyes are almost white because of pupils that have crumbled to a point and frothy saliva is flowing due to the stimulation of salivation! However, in case of overdose, he should have had diarrhea, but surely this also added a terrifying hue.

    The main effects of fly agarics are due to ibotenic acid and its even more toxic derivative - muscimol. In some peoples of the North, even stepwise urinary therapy was practiced, when even the fourth or fifth participant of this action communicated and hallucinated. The thing is that muscimol is almost unchanged by the kidneys. Unfortunately, the use of such handicraft stimulants ended badly for the users. Mustsimol and ibotenic acid can cause the death of neurons, destroying the brain. Their neurotoxicity is largely due to excessive activation of the NMDA receptors in the brain.

    Galenic preparations



    Traditionally, the ancient Roman physician and philosopher Galen is considered to be one of the founders of modern pharmacology. In addition to many works on surgery, anatomy and physiology, he was one of the first to describe and systematize the isolation of the “medicinal principle” from various plants. A group of drugs obtained by extraction is named in his honor. The active ingredients were extracted using oils, wine, boiling, and similar methods. The main problem of herbal medicines was that they contained a huge amount of ballast substances in addition to the desired one, which increased the side effects. Since the knowledge of that time did not allow us to understand the biochemical mechanisms of the action of drugs, the decoctions with the extracts of that time were compiled empirically. Often these recipes were wrong and could do more harm than cure the patient. There were just some strange options like “honey man”. On the Arabian Peninsula in the XII century, medications made from honey were found, which insisted on a dead man for 70–100 years. It was believed that he has special healing properties.

    Over time, the wine was replaced with pure alcohols and improved technology for extracting the active substance. The phased replacement of the extractant — for example, water with alcohol and chloroform — was often used. Such drugs are called neogalenovym, or novogalenovym.

    How to grow grass




    In modern production, the use of plant materials is increasingly being replaced by chemical synthesis, which makes it possible to obtain a completely ballast-free drug. However, in some areas the use of herbal remedies is still justified. If you need to get more than one substance, but several, including a complex bouquet of essential oils, then growing and the subsequent processing of a whole field of lavender or thyme becomes economically justified. Therefore, in modern medicine and cosmetology, medicinal herbs occupy their niche in the form of various dry fees, ready-made infusions and components of cosmetics.

    They are effective on a par with the synthesized active ingredients. For example, chamomile extract is driven along the tonsils for decontamination when washing, and we use it as part of a regenerative complex for the skin.

    In the minds of most people, growing medicinal plants is a fairly simple task. Grandma came out into the garden, sowed, then mowed everything, and here he is - a super-healthy grass harvest. In fact, it is not. The main problem of herbal remedies is standardization. You must accurately predict the chemical composition of the collected raw materials. At the same time, a whole bunch of factors act on the plants themselves: now there is too much rain, then the soil from that edge of the field is too acidic ... Even the time of day in which the plants are collected influences. As a result, only those herbs that have gone through a long chain from cultivation to drying and control come into free sale. Moreover, the calculation is immediately made on a not very intelligent consumer who will grossly violate the recipe for the preparation of a medicine. Modern suppliers most often have vertical integration: they control the cultivation,

    In everyday life everything is more complicated. If it is written that you need to take exactly one tablespoon per liter of water and insist 15 minutes, then this should be done. Fans of brewing "stronger" or not complying with the dosage are unlikely to cause irreparable harm to health, but almost certainly will receive unwanted side effects. Sometimes, as if “harmless” weeds can give very unpleasant consequences if the instructions are not followed. I personally know the case of a patient who had been trying to get pregnant for a long time, but it still didn’t work. Suddenly it turned out that she had jammed sage tea in terrible amounts. And what, the grass is natural. But quite by chance it has abortive effects. As well as seemingly harmless parsley. Therefore, I really want people to carefully read the instructions before accepting something. For the same reason, you should not uselessly different mountain gatherings from incomprehensible herbs, even if they were personally collected by Tibetan enlightened monks. Hardly anyone guarantees you pharmacological control of the mixture.

    Chamomile, calendula and other joys of botany



    Calendula officinalis

    With the correct use of herbal remedies - beautician's best friends. Many plants contain very complex sets of active substances, which are simply unprofitable to be synthesized separately. By skillfully combining their effects, you can get different gels, infusions or soaked wipes with additional properties. For example, calendula has pronounced antimicrobial activity and very vigorously kills most of the coccal microflora - staphylococci and streptococci. Plus contains a lot of carotenoids, which not only give it this delicious carrot shade, but also are a precursor of vitamin A, which stimulates the regeneration of wounds, ulcers and other skin lesions.


    pharmaceutical camomile

    And this plant is generally one of the most versatile. Contains the most complex bouquet of essential oils, of which hamazulene is especially valuable (its content in oil ranges from 1.64 to 8.99%). We almost always include it in the composition of those funds that require anti-inflammatory effect. As a result, chamomile quite successfully works in complex preparations for the treatment of acne, burns, eczema and other skin lesions.



    In particular, calendula and chamomile work for us as part of Blefarosalfet , which were originally created for resuscitation, and are now sold throughout the country as a cleansing agent for the eyes.

    Also popular now: