Four new elements of the periodic table received official names

    These elements complemented the seventh period of the table.

    Image source: Wikimedia Commons

    Today the official names of four new chemical elements discovered earlier have become known. Names assigned the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). We are talking about chemical elements 115, 117, 118 and 113. Their discovery was officially confirmed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in December last year.

    115 and 117 elements of the table were opened by the Russian Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), the Livermore National Laboratory (USA) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA). The 118 pioneers of the element are JINR and the Livermore National Laboratory. 113 elements were discovered by specialists from the Japanese institute RIKEN (although the same international research group claimed to open it, which opened 115 and 117 elements). The official confirmation of the discovery of these elements took more than 10 years. Now the seventh period of the periodic table is full.

    As for the names , the 113 elements received the name nihonium (Nihonium, Nh), 115 - Muscovy (Moscovium, Mc), 117 - Tennesine (Tennessine, Ts), 118 - Oganesson, Og.

    Why are such names chosen? The fact is that in Japanese Nihon means "Land of the Rising Sun". And since element 113 was discovered by Japanese scientists, it was given this name. This is the first chemical element that was synthesized and found in an Asian country. Muscovy and Tennesin were named according to the geographical location of the places where these elements were first synthesized. Well, Oganesson was named in honor of Yuri Oganesyan - a scientist from Russia who is conducting active research in the field of the synthesis of new elements. Immediately after the discovery, three of the four elements were given other names: Japan, Flerovium, and Livermorium.

    “It is nice to see that the various places, names, and names (country, state, city, and scholar) related to the new elements were reflected in these four names. Although the choice may look somewhat selfish in the eyes of some people, all the names fully comply with the rules of YuIPAK, ”commented on the assignment of names to elements by Jan Reedijk, IUPAC spokesman. He also added that the names have already been approved by the management, but the “newbies” with assigned names will fall into the table of elements in November of this year. Now in the table there are still preliminary names of elements.

    Already, many scientific organizations from around the world are working on synthesizing elements from the 8th period of the table. Scientists also plan to soon fix the name of “coperniations” (the 112th element, first synthesized on February 9, 1996 at the Institute of Heavy Ions) and heavier elements.

    The last time the table of chemical elements was replenished in 2011, when elements 114 and 116 were added to it.

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