How Big Data and the “Internet of Things” affect data centers. Power usage. Part 1
Big Data, Big Data continues to expand and grow in volume. According to Science Daily, in 2013, about 90% of all data in the world was created in the previous two years. There is more and more information, especially since the number of Internet users continues to increase at an explosive pace. Currently, there are about 2.5 billion Internet users in the world.
In addition, the number of devices and gadgets connected to the network is increasing. All of these devices, including fitness trackers, camera phones and even smart coffee makers, generate data that needs to be stored somewhere. With the increase in the amount of data in the world, the need for increasing computing power and free space for storing information also increases.
How does all this affect data centers? Today we consider such an urgent problem as energy consumption
Increased computing power requires more energy.
There is more and more data, additional equipment is being installed in data centers, data centers themselves are becoming more. Despite the fact that the equipment is now "green", that is, as energy-efficient as possible, more and more energy is required to work with an increasing amount of data. Already, the owners of existing data centers should think about whether the current energy infrastructure will withstand the necessary loads? If this is so now, what will happen in 10-15 years? Will the amount of energy produced in the current region be enough?
To provide a reliable future for data centers, it is necessary to have reliable, adaptive, updated and efficient energy sources. What are these sources?
Verne Global, based in Iceland, uses geothermal energy that meets all of these conditions. It is clear that Iceland has unique natural conditions, but in many regions there is something to use (a lot of solar energy or strong winds, or tides), so you need to think now.
Naturally, more energy - more cost. Current pricing concepts in data centers may not be suitable for even the near future. This issue also requires detailed study.
Placement of data centers
Interesting ideas are also used to reduce energy costs - for example, placing servers in cold regions ( we already wrote about such a data center in the Kingservers blog ). Now the most popular regions for the construction of large data centers are Finland, Sweden and some other countries.
Energy efficiency indicators of such data centers, if not ideal, are close to this. In addition, many large companies are now switching to alternative energy sources. For example, Google is going to transfer one of its data centers in Finland to the energy received with the help of wind generators.
Unfortunately, the stability of such energy sources is in question in many regions, and this problem must be solved now - use complex energy sources, combining alternative with classical ones. Such work is already underway.
In addition to energy consumption, an important problem is the structure of data centers, the types of equipment that are used, and many other aspects that we will consider in subsequent articles.