The economy of developing countries. Cambodia

Reflecting on how to boost the economy of Our Long-suffering, I settled on a freelance for a month in Cambodia, one of the poorest countries in Southeast Asia. About what thoughts it prompted me and how things are generally there and this article will go.

The first break of the template occurred on a bus from the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh to the resort town of Sihanoukville (where, incidentally, not so long ago mercenary Khmer police officers arrested the oligarch Polonsky for some trifle). Khmer music videos were played on the bus, usually a full Khmer boy dressed in Lacoste sings against the backdrop of a shack or hotel, and a pretty Khmer girl curls nearby. But one clip especially caught my attention - they sang against the backdrop of an excavator. That is, they consider it cool when a person works at a factory, at a construction site, he is a hard worker, and not some kind of farmer.

Almost any ambitious Cambodian from the city knows English. Indeed, having English and a motorcycle (rent from 3 dollars a day for strangers) he can earn a dollar by private transportation in 15 minutes, and if a tourist comes across a simpleton, then he can earn 3 and 5 dollars, as long as there is enough eastern impudence. Cambodians, who work closely with tourists, rent apartments from $ 150 a month, if you look good, or $ 250, if you take the first or fifth come across. Those residents who have not yet joined this source of endless tourist wealth, rent housing for 70-100 dollars, perhaps cheaper if you look.

Now in Sihanoukville you can meet electronics and household appliances stores on every corner, in Moscow there are much fewer (hello early 2000s). What is this talking about? The fact that some time ago (and possibly still) this sphere was very profitable was in great demand. Once, the Cambodians did not have the opportunity to buy equipment, and, in fact, no one had it. Then there was a need to fill this vacuum, compare the need for irons in a country in which every house has an iron, or even not one, but someone probably wants a new one. And no country has irons, but money has already appeared. Another characteristic feature of Sihanoukville - public laundries, here it is not a fad, but in many ways a necessity. Apartments and hotels here are usually rented without a washing machine, so laundries are especially relevant. Moreover, there are 2 types of them:

So why are they poor? They have complete capitalism. They are hardworking and ambitious enough, at least the ones I saw. So what's wrong with them? To begin with, 30% of the population cannot read and write. What do you think is the quality of education of the remaining 70%? This means that even with the banal freelance on the western exchanges, the majority will have serious problems. They cannot carry out intellectual work for foreign customers, and internal customers are not sufficiently solvent. All that remains is mechanical labor, not a post-industrial, but an industrial and even pre-industrial society. Labor productivity in an industrial society is highly dependent on the instruments of labor, and the instruments of labor depend either on local scientific progress or on investment if imported equipment is purchased. No science in Cambodia and investments, too, have nowhere to take, because for foreign investors there is no obvious competitive advantage to invest in Cambodia, but there is a risk that in this wild country they can be thrown, a particular risk due to cultural differences. Today I saw how local police arrested a European, he quarreled with something about a local half as much as he. The problem is that he cannot even explain what happened, because the police are not so good at the level of English. It is clear why in the 90s no one in the West wanted to invest in the Russian economy. The same thing here in Cambodia, you can only develop at the expense of domestic resources, and they are very limited. that in this wild country they can throw it, a particular risk due to cultural differences. Today I saw how local police arrested a European, he quarreled with something about a local half as much as he. The problem is that he cannot even explain what happened, because the police are not so good at the level of English. It is clear why in the 90s no one in the West wanted to invest in the Russian economy. The same thing here in Cambodia, you can only develop at the expense of domestic resources, and they are very limited. that in this wild country they can throw it, a particular risk due to cultural differences. Today I saw how local police arrested a European, he quarreled with something about a local half as much as he. The problem is that he cannot even explain what happened, because the police are not so good at the level of English. It is clear why in the 90s no one in the West wanted to invest in the Russian economy. The same thing here in Cambodia, you can only develop at the expense of domestic resources, and they are very limited. It is clear why in the 90s no one in the West wanted to invest in the Russian economy. The same thing here in Cambodia, you can only develop at the expense of domestic resources, and they are very limited. It is clear why in the 90s no one in the West wanted to invest in the Russian economy. The same thing here in Cambodia, you can only develop at the expense of domestic resources, and they are very limited.

In connection with these, the following recommendations could be proposed for the development of the Russian economy:
  • predictability for investment flow. Moreover, predictability is both at the level of consistent foreign policy, and at the level of local courts and the police. Moreover, strangely enough, strict laws are not mandatory at all, the absence of laws is much more predictable, in this case there is no need to be afraid of the authorities.
  • development of education to increase labor productivity. The world is globalizing and the Java EE programmer in Moscow receives almost as much as a similar specialist in San Francisco or Kuala Lumpur. Therefore, it is more important not where you live, but what you can do. Cambodian teens will not be able to learn Java EE because they need to learn math first. And they could receive $ 4000 while working on a remote site in a country in which everyone receives $ 100.
  • bargaining ability. The economic boom in Cambodia has occurred with the advent of tourists. At first, the goods were sold for local currency, but soon the Khmers realized that if they round to one dollar, tourists would still buy. Then they tried for two - and the tourists still took it. As a result, in one of the poorest countries in the region, we have hotels for $ 7 and bananas for $ 1, even in Moscow bananas are cheaper. Selling on the basis of not how much the cost, but how much the market is willing to pay - this is a truth that is not given to many compatriots. Many people still have indignation, as it is, there they make an extra charge five times, but still take it. If there is such a mark-up, it means that other expenses are large, or you have to run there faster and open your "Horns and Hooves" nearby, since money is no longer a problem, loans are given at every corner. You can be the best specialist on the planet, but if you do not know how to get a decent reward for yourself, then you will be poor. See for yourself, we were the first to launch man into space, the first to create an atomic reactor, we are cooler than 90% of the world's population, and why did the Americans buy us? For chewing gum, jeans and Coca-Cola. I say this without complaints or hitting, on the contrary, this is a good lesson of what good PR, good selling skills can do. Can we also publicize and sell something to other countries? If so, then everything will be fine with us. I say this without complaints or hitting, on the contrary, this is a good lesson of what good PR, good selling skills can do. Can we also publicize and sell something to other countries? If so, then everything will be fine with us. I say this without complaints or hitting, on the contrary, this is a good lesson of what good PR, good selling skills can do. Can we also publicize and sell something to other countries? If so, then everything will be fine with us.


PS: Probably many will be interested, in terms of freelance the country is quite convenient, for $ 400 you can rent a mansion, for $ 50 to conduct Internet, the criminal situation is familiar. Everything is at home, only milk is not sold in stores and cockroaches are 3 times larger. But the sun. A lot has been written about Cambodia on the Internet, here I wanted to approach this country a little from the other side. Sory, that in a non-core topic, fierce enemies have underestimated the reputation, now I can not write to the address. Plus, if you wrote for good reason.

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