Robots in medicine

    In my last post about telemedicine, there was a mention of the robot surgeon Da Vinci, who in 2010 installed about 1000 in the world. But this is far from the only achievement of robotics used in medicine.

    In what areas and for what use robots? In surgery, as carers for children and the elderly, in telemedicine and even for drug delivery. More details - I ask for a habrakat.


    Robot Riba is originally from Japan. It was introduced in 2009. Its main purpose is to rock sick and elderly people with the help of its long and strong hands. This is an excellent assistant in clinics, as it can transfer patients from place to place, or shift from a stroller to a bed.

    In 2009 introduced RIBA II. This version of the robot can lift patients directly from the floor, while the first robot could only take them from a stroller or bed. The payload also increased to 176 pounds, that is, about 80 kg, which is 41 pounds, or 18.5 kg more than in the first version.

    Why do the Japanese even need such a robot? It's all about longevity. In Japan, by 2015, the number of older people who will need care is projected to reach five and a half million people. Just imagine how many nurses and orderlies will have to lift patients daily from a futon to a stroller, from a stroller to a bed, back and so on. Robots are better suited for these purposes, and let the nurses go about their business - they simply take care of the elderly.

    And this robot is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as "The most therapeutic robot in the world." It is equipped with a variety of sensors - touch, light, sound, temperature and position. This is necessary for good communication with the patient, helping to reassure the patient.

    Keepon is needed for the same, but he, in my opinion, is less cute. He dances and responds to touch.

    Distribution Robot

    Another way to save nurses from their routine work by taking more time to do more useful things is with a robot from Murata Machinery Ltd designed to dispense drugs.

    Panasonic's robot is also designed to deliver medicine from a pharmacy to patients. The first version of this robot could already store information about 400 patients, and issue medicines in accordance with a prescription at the request of a patient or a nurse.


    Returning to the issue of telemedicine (which, judging by the comments, is considered to be telecasts from Malysheva on Habré), it is worth mentioning telepresence robots. These are complexes that are able to move independently, equipped with cameras, displays, speakers and microphones, and in addition to them - tools for diagnostics and analysis. Such means may be the ability to connect to devices, for example, ultrasound, or built-in devices - for example, for blood analysis.

    In Russian realities, the use of such robots is almost impossible, because we have problems with ramps everywhere - at the entrance to the clinics, and inside them. So the robot will be able to move only within one floor maximum, and minimum - within the room, unable to overcome the hefty nut.


    Vgo - 4G control.


    PUMA 560 was the first robot used in neurosurgery. This is a robot assistant introduced in 1985.

    In orthopedics for joint prosthetics in 1992, they started using RoboDoc.

    Later, assistants Zeus and Aesop appeared, but still the surgeon was the main character in the operation. In the late 1990s, this changed with the advent of Da Vinci - a robot for remote operations.

    The surgeon at the console sees the site in 3D format with multiple magnification and works with joysticks. At this time, the four-armed robot does the operation. Initially, the image was not voluminous, of course, but then this problem was solved.

    A minute of transformers: ARES from Italian scientists is designed to carry out operations without damaging the skin. Because the patient swallows it in parts, and also it then leaves through the intestines. Inside, the robot collects itself, after which the surgeon performs the operation.

    Training: patient simulations

    Sending live patients to beginners is not very humane. It is much better to practice first on robots that meet natural needs, which have a beating heart and that are more or less like humans.

    The most functional robot of this type is considered HPS (Human Patient Simulator). It stores 30 different patient profiles, which differ in physiology and individual reactions to drugs. These can be profiles of a healthy child of a pregnant woman and an elderly alcoholic. The pulse felt on the carotid, brachial, femoral, and radial popliteal arteries changes depending on the pressure, the robot exhales carbon dioxide, which is displayed on the monitors, and its pupils react to light.

    With dentists - the same story. Stop shredding unfortunate people with bad teeth! Practice on cats first. In the photo - Hanako 2, originally from Japan, which is immediately evident.

    Please write in the comments what other robots should be in this publication.

    Also popular now: