On ownership, ownership and dissemination of information

    Recently, the topic of the so-called copyright (hereinafter referred to as "copyright") has more and more been disturbing the minds of the habra and non-habra communities and society in general. I believe that this topic has become more active due to the fact that fighters for copyright have become more active in demonstrating their position, have become more active, often with the use of heavy equipment (UPC, Ministry of Internal Affairs, FSB, RAO, etc.) and mass media defeats (laws, orders, orders, ...).

    In this post, I will try to build a rationale for my position regarding information and various aspects of its existence - ownership, ownership, distribution, etc. I do not believe that my position is the most correct, I believe that the rationale for the position helps a person to be consistent in their actions. Perhaps some of my thoughts will help someone gain a foothold in the position opposite to mine.

    The main starting point in my thoughts will be the principle - " man himself is the smith of his own happiness ." Those. the person himself must worry about the result (s) of his (life) activity.

    I will also be based on the laws of information(a special case of the laws of nature) - the fundamental foundations of the creation, existence, reproduction (use), change, dissemination and destruction of information. These are not laws invented by people, these are laws by which our world exists, like the laws of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology. I will try not to give any academic language on this subject, but try to find forms of these laws that are accessible to the average person.

    Information


    So what is information? Information is ... it is a category that cannot be defined through other categories. In a broad sense, Information is the answer to some question. Which in itself is not a good definition, since the answer to a question without the question itself does not make sense. My personal point of view is this - nothing exists except information, because the basis of the material world is elementary particles, which are characterized by some quantities: probability density distribution, mass, charge, spin, etc., i.e. in fact, what we consider to be matter is a multitude of units of information of special types. But this is metaphysics, let's get back to information in its usual sense.

    I divide information by type of organization into two classes: analytical and figurative. Figurative information is information that we perceive through sensation. For example: personality, subject, picture, music. We perceive analytical information through understanding. For example: number, word, property, dependence, concept. Our world is so structured that we can only perceive figurative information, but with the help of thinking, we can easily transform it into analytical information.

    The emergence of information


    The process of the primary appearance of information in the human mind I will call its appearance. Information arises when one senses a certain tangible image - a type, sound, smell, taste, tactile sensation of the form of the object of sensation. All these mechanisms create an image of an object inside us. Next, analytical thinking is turned on and compares the image with the already known images and on the basis of this creates information elements that we call the properties of the object (actually the image, but at this point it is impossible to distinguish).

    In the opposite way, the appearance of an image is possible - thinking puts the various properties of images together and then we talk about the created (synthesized) image.

    Information may be useful and not useful. I will call useful information that a person can put into practice, i.e. he believes that at some point in time he can make a decision based on the information he received. Other information is not useful. The usefulness of information is automatically determined by a person at the time of its occurrence and may change over time. Further I will call information only useful information. Not useful information I will call the data.

    Information is created on the medium through perception and analysis.

    Information existence


    I think so, but I can’t prove it, and you cannot refute this, that absolutely all information already exists in the world of thinking, which exists independently of the material world and man. But since we are interested in practical aspects, I will continue to talk about the existence of information either in the consciousness of a single person or in the material world. Media is required for this information. A carrier can be either a person’s consciousness that has access to the world of thinking, namely that part of it called memory, or a material carrier on which information is recorded in a figurative (painting, photo, sculpture) or analytical (disk, book, drawing, nodules) form.

    The information exists on the medium, but it is not its owner.

    Reproduction (use) of information


    Since information is the answer to a question, it is natural that the act of its use (reproduction) is the moment of answering this question i.e. - decision making based on the answer to the question. In the case of analytical information, this is fairly obvious. For example, knowing that a person breathes air, when I get into the water I decide to breathe only above the surface of the water and not breathe underwater.

    In the case of imaginative information, this is less obvious. I’ll try to explain how I propose to understand this. The reproduction of figurative information leads to a change in a person’s personal attitude to certain images or properties of images, which can subsequently be used in making decisions. For example, after reading a poem about a grasshopper, I felt sorry for the insects, and later, walking in the meadow, I stopped crushing the legs of grasshoppers, although before that I did it with pleasure. Reproduction of figurative information often causes sensations that arise when information arises through perception.

    A carrier can use information - make decisions on its basis, feel it.

    Change information


    In the process of perceiving the material world, the mental analysis of information, a person can change the information of which he is a carrier. In fact, a person creates new information and, possibly, destroys the old. For example, I burned a candle and concluded that what glows is always hot. But then I touched the fluorescent lamp and did not burn myself, and concluded that what glows can be both hot and not hot. I could make a false conclusion that the luminous is never hot, and destroy the information about how you got burned, but I would probably repeat this experiment after some time.

    The storage medium may change it.

    Information destruction


    When information becomes reliably not useful, its carriers cease to use it and it ceases to exist as information. However, new information may arise. For example, I believed that a bank loan is obviously a good offer. After I took out a loan for an apartment, I realized that the benefit of the loan is not obvious, and stopped using the information about the evidence of the benefit of the loan. At the same time, I had information that I could be a carrier of false information, i.e. information, the use of which does not allow me to make a decision that is beneficial to me.

    Information may be destroyed by the medium. Information is destroyed only on the medium that destroys it.

    Spread of information


    The most interesting property of information, around which millions of copies are broken and millions of copies are cracked. Information is distributed when it is reproduced by a carrier in the perception zone of another carrier. Such a formula is suitable both for carriers of people and for material carriers.

    As soon as the information has been perceived by another carrier, it becomes a full-fledged carrier of information. The primary medium retains information on itself and can no longer directly influence the dissemination of information by another medium. This is the way nature works.

    Moreover, at the time of dissemination of information, additional information is created about the change in the composition of the media of this information (if it is useful).

    Information is disseminated by reproducing it with one medium and creating it with another.

    Right


    It just so happened that in addition to everything that relates to information, such issues as law matter in matters of "copyright" . This concept also does not have a clear and unambiguous definition. I will consider that the subject (person, legal entity, ...) has the right to action if neither the state nor society will prevent the commission of such an action either directly or through the mechanisms of the state, churches, other institutions of influence.

    My position regarding copyright


    I think that:
    1. A person must understand the essence of such a phenomenon as information and the laws of information - how information arises, exists, changes, spreads, is destroyed
    2. A person who carries information has the right to use the information that he carries on conditions that he considers acceptable to himself
    3. A person who carries information has the right to disseminate the information that he carries on conditions that he considers acceptable to himself (regardless of the method of obtaining it)
    4. No one has the right to restrict a person in matters of creating, carrying, changing, destroying, disseminating information.


    Thus it follows from this:
    • I believe that no one has the right to forcibly restrict a person in all matters related to information - creation, carrying, changing, disseminating, destroying.
    • I believe that information is not a commodity , because the laws of its existence and dissemination are fundamentally different from the laws of existence and distribution of material objects.
    • I believe that the concept of “ownership” cannot be applied to information.
    • I believe that authors and users of information should reconsider their attitude to the issues of the existence, use and dissemination of information.
    • I believe that there are business models that allow information authors to receive decent remuneration for their work.
    • I believe that some types of information are overrated and some underestimated.
    • I believe that I have the right to violate laws in the field of restricting my distribution rights, understanding that the state and society can take measures against me according to their understanding of my rights.
    • I believe that those who prohibit the dissemination of the information created by them ( copyright supporters ) and those who prohibit the non-dissemination of modified information ( copyleft supporters ) are equally wrong .
    • I believe that any other person may not agree with me.
    • I believe that readers of this text have every right to do whatever they want with the information received.

    Also popular now: