Forecast on how Internet restrictions will be overcome
Warning! I am not an expert in the field of information transfer, therefore, please treat with understanding the ideas and facts set forth in the article. Questions and answers in the text have been of interest to me for a long time, but I would like to hear the opinion of people who are in the "topic".
Internet regulation is now a trend of discussion. Many opinions on this occasion were expressed on Habré. Here are just a few of them: State Internet: the remote's story about VPN in China , Responsibilities of search engines: how to “edit” a search in Russia . Is everything so inevitably gloomy and unpromising? Are alternatives and workarounds possible if you try to implement elements of the Chinese scenario?
To send a message or a call from one mobile device to another, it is necessary that the signal reaches the nearest repeater and is transferred to another subscriber. These are obvious things, but when your interlocutor is ten meters away from you, this already leads to certain thoughts ... and probably not only I think so?
Let's start with the facts about which perhaps few people know so far, namely the possibility of transmitting information without connecting to the Internet and mobile communications in the city.
Sounds fantastic? But it is a reality! For this, standard Wi Fi is used, and the FireChat applicationon a smartphone. According to the creators, FireChat is able to function with message transmission delays of no more than 10 minutes in a big city, if only 5 percent of the population in the smartphone has this application.
Of course, you can transmit without an application (there are 3 ways to do this) , but the restriction on the transmission distance is then greater.
Durov created a telegram, but the telegraph (e-mail without using the Internet) was already created by amateurs. These systems are probably united not only by names from the 19th century, but also by potential resistance to attempts at full control by external forces.
By downloading files from a torrent we get “help” from tens and hundreds of people who “distribute” ... so can the principle “you to me - I to you” really cannot be applied on a larger scale when exchanging information? Especially if you introduce a reward for "mediation" in the form of a "currency" -access to a specific amount of information transmitted by the device. Something like "fishing" (program), only on the basis of "how much you helped others to convey - you can convey as much yourself." This must be done so that people do not spare their devices for transmitting information, and in every possible way develop the network.
Okay, the author figured out the smartphones, but what about the slightly longer distances? Here the sphere of the Internet of things will help us . Nowadays, we have already learned how to use these smart devices to create botnets.., but actually call these devices smart language does not turn. With the prospect of developing 5-G networks, the intellectualization capabilities of these devices will increase - hence the potential for transmitting information traffic through them without using the Internet, by analogy with the "small circle" too.
Wireless communication between cars (V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) like IoT can allow you to communicate with the entire surrounding infrastructure to transfer information streams. This is no longer a static kettle or tablet in your pocket - the range of a system for transmitting information theoretically increases at times. devices for other vehicles, the same prospect increases the ability to exchange information.
Many countries impose all kinds of restrictions on the use of quadrocopters-drones (Yes, yes ... not only Russia is involved in this). Drones with low weight do not yet have such legislative restrictions. How long?
City, suburb - great! But how to contact distant subscribers from other countries? Is it really all these "circular" technologies and that's it? Blown away?
Of course not! Just in this format of decisions there are even more, as well as ways of transmitting information, and security can even be higher. There are only 3 main ways of transmitting information in this case.
Wired - through power grids for transmitting information by wire . AT&T has improved this technology and promises to overcome the main drawback - the low data transfer rate.
Wireless - with the help of the "relay" of drones, the only burden of which will be information. Another option is balloons .
Hybrid - combining the first and second in different proportions. An example of a hybrid method is smuggling.
Of course, now the hybrid method is not used ...
But looking at the success of some air-water quadrocopters, this can be considered a temporary phenomenon. And underground it is easier to launch mini-drones than to dig at full height for a "live drone".
PS - There is a "white" official Internet, and there is a "black" (darknet) ... maybe there will be a "gray" of different shades?