Gulf Stream: it's all about the viscosity of water

Not so long ago, my child was given a task at school in the discipline "the world around us." This is such a way of expanding the horizons of elementary school students at the present time. Let us leave aside dissatisfaction with the current educational standards, where for some reason a student must study all disciplines without the participation of a teacher.

The task was to choose one of the world catastrophes of recent times and figure out what it is fraught with for the inhabitants of the planet and Russia in particular.

In the spite of the day he came across the Gulf Stream. You all know that there was such a warm current passing through the Atlantic Ocean. His tears with the words "We will all freeze" and prompted me to deal with what happened in more detail.

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Satellite image of the Gulf Stream

So what happened?

On April 20, 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico, 80 kilometers from the coast, at the Macondo field of British Petroleum, oil exploded as a result of the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil platform through damage to the pipe at a depth of 1,500 meters. It poured so 152 days.

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Oil spill May 24, 2010, view from space.

During this time, 5 million barrels (682 thousand tons) spilled. The fire on the platform lasted 36 hours, after which the platform sank. The oil slick reached an area of ​​75 thousand square kilometers. Part of the oil was carried by the current into the ocean.

In the United States, the size of the federal fine depends on the size of the disaster. The administration of the current president of the United States allowed the use of British Petroleum to reduce the size of the fine dispersant corexit9527, which due to toxicity was later replaced by corexit 9500. It was first used in 1989 to eliminate the effects of the wreck of the Exxon Valdez tanker , and is now banned for use in England and several European countries.

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Tanker Exxon Valdez

The composition of this chemical is kept secret, and opinions on its work and toxicity differ from dissolution to simple binding and from neutral to terribly toxic, respectively. As a result, mixing besieged huge amounts of oil to a depth, creating shelves. This partially solved the problem of the US coast.

Collecting such an amount of oil is laborious, if not impossible. There is currently no effective method for treating water after an oil spill.

The first to stop the Gulf Stream was reported by Dr. Dr. Gianluigi Zangari, a theoretical physicist at the Frascati Institute in Italy, in his journal article on June 12, 2010 ( original ). The article is based on satellite data from the Colorado Center for Aerodynamic Research, agreed with the US Navy's Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The author pointed to the stop of the rotation of water flows in the Gulf of Mexico and the breakdown of the Gulf Stream into parts. Subsequently, the images were changed on the server of the Colorado Center for Aerodynamic Research and it is now difficult to say by whom and when.

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Graph of change in direction and flow rate in the Gulf of Mexico

How was the current

The colder and denser Labrador Current "dived" under the warm and lighter Gulf Stream, without stopping it from heating Europe, reaching Murmansk. Then the Labrador Current “emerged” off the coast of Spain under the name of the cold Canary Current, crossed the Atlantic, reached the Caribbean Sea, heated up and passed through a noose in the Gulf of Mexico, already called the Gulf Stream, rushing unhindered back to the North.

The Gulf Stream was part of the thermohaline circulation system, a key element of the planet's thermal regulation. He separated England and Ireland from becoming a glacier. Smoothed the climate in the Scandinavian countries.

Following Dr. Zangari’s announcement, the Canadian Parliament set up a commission to ascertain the real state of affairs with the Gulf Stream off the coast of the state. It was led by US ocean scientist Ronald Rabbit, a technologist for the processing of biomass of the oceans and improving the environment. A special dye that does not harm the flora and fauna of the ocean was poured into containers exploding at a certain depth and, thus, traced the flows of water masses. The Gulf Stream as an existing current has not been discovered.

But, as it turned out, a self-regulating system called Earth "worked" this time. The course of research "crawled" 800 miles (1481 kilometers) east of the former Gulf Stream zone. According to satellite images, the temperature of this current increased relative to the Gulf Stream. This means that the evaporation rate in the warm zone above the ocean has increased.

A small digression: the majority of people believe that moist air is heavier than dry, but this is not so. Molecules of oxygen O2, carbon dioxide CO2 and nitrogen N2 are heavier than water molecules H2O.

Now apply the above to the changing situation

Due to the warming of the new course, the zone of strong evaporation, seriously affecting Russia, like the zone of low pressure, will be located above the ocean, west of Europe, but much closer to Europe than before. This will lead to the movement into this zone of drier continental air from Russia. The situation will be aggravated by the replacement of not quite dry air, cold and dry air from the north-east and east of the country. This will form a zone of high pressure over the European part - the anticyclone.

In summer, the anticyclone brings heat, followed by humidity and, thus, becomes unstable. In winter, the situation will be the opposite - clear nights, air cooling, dehumidification and an increase in air density. As a result, an increase in pressure.

What brings us such a change

Presumably very cold up to - 45 degrees and little snowy winter on the territory of the European part of Russia, Western Europe will be covered with snow, and hurricane winds will rage at the front lines. In mid-February 2011 in Canada, instead of frost, spring came with a temperature of +10. America, apparently, also will not be left without a “carrot”. Evidence of this is the recent cold in Montana, South Dakota, Texas, Arkansas and Tennessee.

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Transit Bus to Chicago

P.S.
The Gulf Stream has already stopped. In 2004, the movie "The Day After Tomorrow" considered a scenario, based on real scientific research.
It is possible that the Gulf Stream would have carried its waters to the north ... if not for man .

Pss
Collected by thread from the network. Thanks to everyone who showed interest and all resources who did not delete the information.
Updated by requests from comments.
He took the data here: one , two , three , four were and yet but these were preserved.
I found one more word for the move.
I do not consider them the first instance, but I want to believe that the truth is written.

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