Artificial intelligence will not destroy the world, but it can take your work
Discussions about artificial intelligence and its possible role or model of behavior in this world do not subside. The closer a person comes to the possibility of creating AI, the more specialists are drawn into the discussion. For example, Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk believe that AI can be the end of our civilization. Bill Gates thinks about the same.
But one of the best AI experts in the world, Andrew Eun , now working at Baidu, saidthat artificial intelligence does not threaten human life and health, as well as our entire civilization. According to Andrew, it's not worth worrying about the possible appearance of the Terminator, more attention should be paid to devices such as robotic trucks. In fairness, it should be noted that the problem that is discussed below does not concern “pure AI”, that is, really machine intelligence, but rather smart devices with elements of artificial intelligence.
Andrew Eun is not unanimous in his opinion, there are other AI experts who think about the same. WIRED reporters tried to find out the views of the most prominent figures in the field of AI development. After a survey of specialists, it became clear that most consider AI not too dangerous for humans in the short and medium term. In the long-term, AI can be a problem, but not in the role in which we usually imagine it.
Andrew Eun argues that the United States took 200 years to transition from the agricultural stage, when 90% of the population worked on farms, to the current state, when only 2% of the population worked in agriculture. But the transition from the current state to the stage of “artificial intelligence works instead of you” will happen much faster, and this can be a big problem.
Most likely, AI will have a strong influence on civilization in about 5-10 years, says Murray Shanahan, a professor of cognitive robotics from Imperial College.
Two professors from the Massachusetts University of Technology, Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, agree with these ideas, who believe that we are entering the second technological era, where the changes provoked by the development of digital technologies can leave millions of lay people and mid-level workers out of employment.
The same robotic trucks over time may even lose support in the form of a human operator. If robotic cars show their reliability, then why else is the person inside? Legislation can adapt to new realities faster than it seems, not to mention the adoption of such innovations by shipping companies.
Robots cars, robots waiters, robots service staff in hotels. Last year, for example, Google replaced a group of workers who recognized images (phone numbers, house numbers and street names on the walls, etc.) with special software, and sent employees to perform other activities.
Andrew Eun, who, among other things, is the co-founder of Coursera, believes that AI has already begun to take work from people, and over time this process will only accelerate.
By the way, there are other opinions about the impact of AI on civilization. For example, a quite optimistic article was already published on geeks , which shows the opinion of Oren Etzion (head of the Allen Institute of Artificial Intelligence).