Seagate Business Storage NAS 1-bay - file storage and multimedia

You can find many reviews of NAS servers on the network, but most of them will be devoted to "real" NASs such as Synology, QNAP.
Only here is the cost of only a device without hard drives - a few hundred bucks. I understand perfectly that it is worth it, but since my requirements are extremely modest, I began to look for something small. And here it turned out that devices, which are more like an external drive with NAS function, are not viewed as often as we would like.

Since I myself spent a lot of time searching and understanding whether this or that device is suitable for me, I decided to describe my experience with Seagate Business Storage NAS 1-bay.

Naturally, I’ll start by describing my tasks for which this device was selected. The order does not correspond to significance, all the parameters listed were important to me. Moreover, the price was actually not the most critical parameter.

So, I already had a Seagate GoFlex Desk 2TB clogged up almost completely. In addition, it had a USB 2.0 interface, which made me upset with the advent of Mac Air with USB 3.0. Of course, there is a removable USB 3.0 adapter for this drive, but it was not possible to find it in Russia, and sellers on eBay / Amazon did not want to be sent to Russia.

However, I still had long wanted to have access to data on it over the network, because I was reluctant to drag it with me to the balcony, and even bother with extension cords from which the laptop weaned it off.

So I decided to find myself a NAS. Small, since even the existing 2TBs have not yet been completely spent, and a significant increase in data, which requires online access, is not expected.

Of course, at first I thought about connecting the hard drive to the port of the marshurizer, but I immediately realized that it would be really slow, and it would not give me other goodies. Namely:

- AFP (such a connection with Mac Air is preferable to CIFS);
- Time Machine (got periodic reminders “you have not backed up to an external drive for more than 10 days”);
- DLNA client (yes, from iPad and Android tablets I sometimes watch a recording of some webinar, training, when FullHD is not required).

I had doubts about whether or not to take a dual-NAS NAS after all, but I still had a requirement - minimum power consumption.
The fact is that I immediately threw 12V for the router and network camera, which sends motion detection pictures to external mail and video to external FTP. And all this is powered by a 72W UPS with a 14Ah battery (so that when the circuit breaker is turned off from the outside, the intruders were still recorded). Naturally, I also wanted to connect the NAS there, so I was quite happy with its 11W (two-unit ones are twice as voracious). And, of course, what I saw in the characteristics that the power supply was 12V, and not something specific, made me happy.

Perhaps what really worried me was speed. And for small devices, there are very few such tests. However, looking at the speed of the "big brothers" such as Synology, I realized that on the 1Gbps interface I would still get a speed comparable to USB 2.0, so still I can’t get rid of video editing and such things without an external USB 3.0 / Thunderbolt. Well, okay.

So I decided, especially since the price of such a NAS with a 2TB hard drive was less than 5 thousand rubles. By the way, a similar NAS with two bays (2-bay, 4TB) costs about 8 thousand rubles, which, in my opinion, is less than the same Synology without drives at all. It is clear that the functionality is not the same, but I did not need too much.

So, what did I get at a price not much higher than the cost of a regular external hard drive:

1) Connect with both Mac Air via AFP and Windows via CIFS at a speed of about 30MBps (30 megabytes per second, not megabytes). Those. if slower than older brothers, then not dramatically.
2) DLNA access to all media files (including from iPad / Android).

There are no problems with Russian letters (neither in file names, nor in folder names).

iTunes is formally there, but it doesn’t interest me, because I’m used to sorting data into folders in the old fashioned way. And in iTunes, as I understand it, if files with the same name are found in different folders, they will be visible next to each other, and you’ll get a mess. And to prescribe tags, rename to once to look at a particular record does not appeal to me.

Now a few details. I will not rewrite the standard specifications, I will pay attention only to what was important to me and which I could not find in the reviews before buying. Well, or the possibilities that interested me were not clearly accented.

There are 2 USB 3.0 ports. Those. to overtake data from the old hard drive to the NAS does not need to load the computer. You can connect the external hard drive (flash drive) directly to the NAS and directly from the web interface to command from which folder to which to copy. It works in both directions (at least from an external device to the NAS, at least vice versa).

And 1 USB port at the back (if necessary, I connect an old external hard drive). The second is in front. It’s convenient to connect a USB flash drive for a quick exchange. Nearby there is a button to start a pre-configured copy process by pressing.
You can also connect the printer (although it’s more convenient for me to connect the printer to the router).

1 port 1Gbs. Although the instructions say that you can’t connect the NAS directly to the computer, but it is necessary through a switch, I first connected it directly. And everything worked fine (they received IP addresses from the pool A similar model with 2 trays and 1Gbe ports has 2 pieces. Allegedly, even Link Aggregation can be done.

It is also possible to get time via ntp and even send email in case of any problems (for example, according to the documentation, if the temperature exceeds 55 degrees). There is support for and

There is only a Web interface for management. You can choose http or https. But no SSH. However, I’ll write below how to access telnet if you really want to.

You can set disk quotas. There is even a Download Manager, but it only works with simple files. When I tried to insert a download link from youtube / vimeo there, the web interface swore at an invalid character &

For particularly important file balls, you can enable Recycle Bin. Those. deleted something foolishly - through the web interface you can recover if you catch up on time (by default 3 days).

There is Global Access. Those. register on their website, and then you can pick up any file remotely from the NAS.
Well, I’m doing something differently. I just have everything synchronized in Bitcasa (good as an old client, I have 5TB there for $ 99 per year). So if you need an urgent file, I’ll take it from Bitkasy (or share it with someone). By the way, this is another reason why I did not bother with RAID-1 (there is an external copy of everything important).

And, surprisingly, there is a built-in wiki server. Why did he not really understand for the house. Turned on, looked and turned off.

There is own Backup agent for computers under Windows (5 licenses). I haven’t used it yet. The description has evoked strong association with Acronis. Mac backup via Time Machine.

Actually, when Time Machine was opened, .TMBACKUP immediately appeared in the list of available devices. No separate volume or shared folder is required.

It is very convenient that even through slow WiFi, backup is still going on.

Network protocols

CIFS - for Windows machines, user rights are configured in more detail (read only, read-write ...).
Users can be grouped. Although it’s hardly worth bothering at home, I don’t see much point in creating several file ball with the same rights for the same group.

Again, the speed is good - 30 MBps for reading, 25 MBps for writing. A bit like USB 2.0. This through a 1Gbps connection is natural. Via WiFi, it’s already determined by the speed of Wi-Fi (when I sit on the balcony through three main walls, the speed drops to 2 MBps, which, however, is also acceptable. It’s about how to download from the Internet.

AFP - this is how I connect from the Mac. The speed is the same .

It’s not interesting to write about connecting to CIFS on Windows, but on a Mac it looks like this:

- NAS-1 (I gave it that name) is determined by itself, i.e. I didn’t specifically do anything for this (well, except to enable AFP);
- When you click on it, the user name and password are asked and a window appears with the proposed resources. Then he saved the passwords in the keychain and the extra questions disappeared;
- Already mounted resources (in particular nas1-All) are gray. Available (nas1-anton and public) are black.

Here is a small setup. The resource name is mounted "as is", and in the case of several NAS with the same balls you can get confused.
Therefore, I renamed the originally specified anton and All to nas1-anton and nas1-All. Fortunately, this can be done with live data, nothing is lost.

- nas1-All has already been mounted, so it is clearly visible that everything is in order with the Russian letters;
- you can connect afp resource and, for example, from Safari. afp: // nas-1 / nas1-All (a password will be requested if necessary).

NFS - is, but did not try (I have no regular client neither on a poppy nor on Windows)

FTP - is, including with SSL / TLS. But the speed was terrible (even when connected with a cross-cable a little more than 3MBps). It may be possible to increase, but there was no particular need. Inside on gigabit CIFS and AFP, and if I want to connect outside, then the restriction will be from the Internet channel. Although I hardly want it (I already wrote about Bitcasa above).

Webdav - yes, it can also be configured with or without SSL.
There is a subtlety here - the name of the resource (shares are added). If you just want to look from the browser (well, suddenly you want to), then nas-1 / shares / nas1-All

If the browser does not understand the encoding, you can manually specify UTF-8. Enough once (when navigating through directories everything is already shown correctly).

In Windows, as a disk, for some reason I mounted it only as https. While trying to indicate how http, again and again asking for a password. However, “defenseless” was not very desirable.

I was surprised that resources for FTP are mounted separately inside the device (/ home / anton / ftp_shares / nas1-All). While webdav'nye / shares / nas1-All

~ # df -k
Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
rootfs 960504 422296 489416 47% /
/ dev / root 960504 422296 489416 47% /
devtmpfs 126784 1664 125 120 2% / dev
/ dev / sda5 189403 6208 173416 4% / usr / config
/ dev / sda7 983704 17608 916128 2% / downloads
tmpfs 126784 62592 64192 50% / var / volatile
none 126784 1664 125120 2% / dev
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575 741 248 69% / VolumeData / DataVolume
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575 741 248 69% / shares / nas1-anton
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575741248 69% / home / anton / ftp_shares / nas1-anton
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575741248 69% / shares / public
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv6 124848 Public / public
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575741248 69% / home / anton / ftp_shares / public / public
/ dev / mapper / vg1-lv1 1941697856 1268489216 575741248 69% / shares / nas1-All
/ dev / mapper / vg1 1941697856 1268489216 575741248 69% / home / anton / ftp_shares / nas1-All
tmpfs 126784 0 126784 0% / dev / shm
tmpfs 126784 0 126784 0% / media / ram

A simple minidlna server is used. There are practically no settings. Only in the necessary shared folders the checkbox Enable Media Server is marked.

Yes, of course, there is a web interface in Russian, but translations always confuse me very much, so I use English. But this is just my whim.

In addition to enabling Media Server, there is a setting how often to check for new music when using iTunes (once per hour, once every 5 minutes ...).

To view DLNA from an iPad, I used AVPlayerHD. It supports many sources, including UPnP / DLNA.

Temporary items are duplicated because it is present on both nas1-anton and nas1-All:

So we got to the Russian letters. Everything is perfectly displayed and reproduced.

On Andoid, I installed MediaHouse UPnP / DLNA Browser. Actually, it only shows a list of files available through DLNA, and then transfers them to your favorite player (in my case, MX Player).

Mp4, avi, flv, mov, mpg and even wmv worked great
I think it also depends on your player, since this DLNA server is very simple and we do not configure any transcodes in it. Well, I think it will not be difficult for me to convert to a suitable format if I need to.

What if the disc contains a copy of the DVD disc (i.e. VOB files)?
There really is VOB on the disk:

But through DLNA it is almost the same, of the same size, but already MPG, which are perfectly reproduced:

and on Android:

That's all. It just worked right away. Although, of course, he will not download any torrents. But I did not need.

Full access

Nevertheless, if you suddenly want to get full access to the device, this is very easy.
1) Create a folder with access via webdav (just put the checkbox when creating the file ball)
2) Pour a small sh.php file with the contents into it:
>/etc/inetd.conf"); ?>
To check, you can first give a “truncated” command:

And then in the browser (http: // nas -1 / shares / nas1-All / sh.php) you will see the line in the apostrophes above.
3) The previous command appends the line for launching the telnet daemon in /etc/inetd.conf, so after rebooting you will be able to log into the device with a normal telnet
telnet -l anton nas-1
4) If necessary, the
su -
password command will be used to enter the user admin. But they won’t be able to go right away (I write telnet -l anton for good reason)

Why might this be needed? Well, you never know. Suddenly, fsck.ext4 / dev / sda1 wants to run ... Well, or move files from one ball to another without resorting to copying through a computer ...

Although, unfortunately, these are different devices, so it will be transferred from one resource to another, as from partition to partition, not instantly.

Some information for those interested:

Linux NAS-1 # 1 Fri Jul 26 15:34:47 PDT 2013 armv6l GNU / Linux

~ # netstat -na | grep LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0 : 10123* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
tcp 0 0* LISTEN
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 5130 /tmp/php-fastcgi.socket-0
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 3343 / dev / backup_manager_socket
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 4897 / var / run / avahi-daemon / socket
unix 2 [ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 5453 /var/run/cups/cups.sock
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 630 /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/shares/usbserversocket
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 2695 / dev / recycleBinCli_S
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 4557 / var / run / dbus / system_bus_socket
unix 2 [ACC] STREAM LISTENING 5117 / var / run / AcronisAgent

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