What awaits Belarusian providers in the future?

    Belarusian provider is an eternal battlefield. Providers come up with new tariffs, use tricks like “unlimited tariffs *” with a bunch of conditions in small print at the bottom of the contracts. Users swear, blame for much cheaper Internet in Moscow, Kiev or Vilnius, they hate the state monopolist, commercial providers and want to download, download, download. Employees of various departments periodically "merge" information, journalists write pathos texts, I traditionally try to understand this tangle.

    A new round of conversations on this topic began after Beltelecom expanded its external channel to 12 Gb / s.

    The external gateway of the national telecommunications operator RUE Beltelecom has expanded to 12 Gb / s for the second time this year. Additional speed is provided by the expansion of the channel in the direction of Russia. Currently, the gateway to Russia provides 10 out of 12 Gbit / s.

    Users who do not know the situation with provider in the country very well began to hope for lower tariffs and higher speeds for both Beltelecom and private providers. Hope was unfounded - because at the moment the external channel is not too busy. For example, private providers redeem a share of approximately 2 Gbit / s from Beltelecom. And even the largest service provider in the country - the same Beltelecom - as a result does not load the gateway at 100%.

    Commercial providers do not provide high speeds and cheap anlimi due to the fact that their external channels cannot afford it. On average, a guaranteed bandwidth of 1 Mbit / s costs about $ 1000, it is from this that high traffic prices follow and, as a result, a small (what is 2 Gbit / s nationwide) demand for access to the gateway.

    The high price from Beltelecom could be explained by the prices of Russian partners, which the national operator pays. But recently, such a drain appeared on the Web:

    But the purchase price of an external channel remained a mystery for a long time. At the disposal of electroname.com were the details of the transaction. So, the initial commercial offer of a Russian company was $ 34.5 per 1 Mbps. Intense negotiations led to a decrease in the offer price and now Beltelecom has the opportunity to connect “to civilization” for only $ 18.5.

    Accordingly, the question arose: why did Beltelecom wind up 3,000%? It is clear that there are expenses for personnel, for maintaining and developing the network, but not so much space money! The situation was clarified a little by the conversation with Aleksey Fedorinchik from Beltelecom, who, firstly, did not confirm (but did not refute!) The price of $ 18.5, rightly calling it a trade secret, and secondly, he told the official reasons for the high price increase.

    If the majority of providers primarily bear the costs associated with the "last mile" (channel from the subscriber to the PBX, and from there to their servers), Beltelecom is forced to build core networks throughout the republic. Also, high prices are still due to certain social obligations: RUE Beltelecom carries high-tech services in the hinterland and has huge losses on these projects.

    In the discussion of the material from which the quotation was given above, two versions were born:

    1) Commercial providers do nothing useful, they only earn money through mediation, like shuttles selling clothes on the market.

    2) Beltelecom's backbone network pays off in less than a year at current prices, which means that after the payback, the monopolist could lower prices, thereby facilitating the penetration of broadband access in the country.

    Here we get to an interesting aspect. In Belarus, the state is watching over the development of telecommunications.

    According to the plans of the Council of Ministers communicated to the Ministry of Communications and Informatization, for the successful implementation of the state strategy by 2010, almost two million subscribers should be connected to broadband data networks. At the same time, the main operator of RUE Beltelecom undertook to bring its own subscriber base to as little as a million, thereby leaving private providers to “finish off” the plan. The latter, by virtue of the rigid policy of the monopolist, actually have no means for further development. .

    That is, providers have to connect a million subscribers. Mostly Minsk subscribers. About 2 million people live in Minsk, it is here that the basic interests of private providers lie. In the regions, the activity of private providers is minimal; a monopolist dominates there, who was able to build a loss-making core network. The reason is that now the provider business is unprofitable. Investing in the construction of backbone networks in the republic now seems unlikely, because the situation in the market can kill small providers at any time and put large ones on the brink of closure.

    Over the past two years, Beltelecom has lowered prices for end users by 81% (chargeable traffic) and 91% (unlimited tariffs). For providers, prices fell over this period by 43.38%. It would be like squeezing out of the market, if not for obvious logical errors. Beltelecom is a state structure, and only a very naive person is inclined to believe in the absence of a tight and mutually beneficial connection between national operator No. 1 and the Ministry of Communications. That is, there would be a desire - providers could be "killed" by strict laws. And the laws, in turn, only become more liberal for providers, allowing new activities like Wi-Fi provider. It is also worth considering that Beltelecom monthly receives from providers about $ 2 million for the resale of access to the world. A nice help for the budget of the state organization,

    But back to the “Electronic Belarus”. Providers in the current conditions are clearly not scratching a million subscribers, because now the provider with 10 thousand cross-linked ADSL connections is considered large. It’s hard to imagine the scale of incentives that these companies would need, and it’s not necessary - instead of helping, they are openly pressuring.

    A site I tend to believe, Marketing.by, is already predicting a merger of providers. Sounds true: now providers are obviously hanging by a thread. If there is a devaluation that will increase the price for providers (for them, it is pegged to the currency, but for the end user byfly - no), or another price reduction for the end user (for example, in the fall - Beltelecom likes to lower prices during PTS) - and the providers tumble down like thin birches during a hurricane.

    We are betting, gentlemen. Providers are ill, they will be helped by either a shock dose of vitamins, or life-giving euthanasia. So far, in the role of Beltelecom’s doctor, this will not be possible to change unless there is a sharp change in the strategy and level of interaction between providers. And users have already prepared places for monitoring the agony of patients.

    By the way, now for the end user, connecting to Beltelecom’s byfly means queues and a lack of ports on the PBX. But the byfly brand is increasingly loved by the masses. The state has found opium for addictive people, who have already tasted the charm of broadband Internet access.

    I would like to say thanks for the help in selecting information for the websites of " Providers of Belarus ", Electroname.com , IT.TUT.BY, as well as personally Alexei Fedorinchik as a representative of Beltelecom and Televizor , Arseny_Info as representatives of the commercial provider ADSL.BY

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