In a couple of decades, the brain will be connected to the Internet
A brain / cloud interface connects human brain cells to the vast cloud network on the Internet.
Scientists claim that future development of the interface could open the possibility of connecting the central nervous system to the cloud network in real time.
We live in an amazing time. Recently, a bionic prosthesis was made, which allowed the disabled person to control a new limb with the power of thought, like with an ordinary hand. While the state is preparing legislative frameworks for processing personal data in the clouds and creating virtual profiles of citizens, that previously could only be found in the works of science fiction writers, can become a reality in a couple of decades, and the prerequisites for this are already confirmed in the context of fierce disputes with moralists and opposition scholars.
The Internet is a global decentralized system that serves humanity and allows you to store, process and create information. A substantial part of the information revolves in the clouds. Strategically, the interface between the human brain and the cloud (Human brain / Cloud Interface or abbreviated B / CI) can realize many human dreams. The basis for creating such an interface is the hope for progress in the field of technology operating on a molecular scale. In particular, the development of "neuronorobots" seems promising.
Future inventions will help in the treatment of many diseases of our body.
Nanorobots can communicate remotely with the cloud and perform the necessary actions under their control, manipulating many processes. It is assumed that the throughput of a wireless connection with nanorobots will be up to ~ 6 x 10 ^ 16 bits per second.
Research in the field of IT, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence, the number of which has grown exponentially, allows scientists to suggest the possibility of connecting a biological organism to the World Wide Web in the next 19 years.
The University of Berkeley and the Institute of Molecular Production in California studied the issue in detail .
According to research, the interface will establish a connection between neural connections in the brain and a vast powerful cloud, providing people with access to vast computing power and a huge knowledge base of human civilization.
A system with such an interface is supposed to control nanorobots that will be allowed access to the entire library of mankind.
In addition to the interface mentioned, possibilities are considered for creating network connections directly between the brains of people and other combinations of connections. Let's not forget about the new features for the Internet of things.
The cloud in turn means an IT paradigm and model for providing access to pools of easily customizable and scalable resources such as computer networks, servers, storage, applications and services). Such access is provided with a minimum of administrative costs of human resources, minimal time and financial investments, and most often via the Internet.
The idea of connecting the brain to the Internet is far from new. For the first time, it was proposed by Raymond Kurzweil , who believed that the B / CI interface would help people find answers to their questions instantly and without waiting for a search engine response with unpredictable and garbage results.
Kurzweil gained fame thanks to his technological forecasts, which took into account the appearance of AI and means of a radical extension of people's lives.
He also substantiated technological singularity - unprecedentedly fast progress, based on the power of AI and the cyborgization of people.
According to Kurzweil, evolutionary systems, including technological development, are progressing exponentially. In his essay, The Law of Accelerating Returns, he suggested that Moore's law can be extended to many other technologies, which speaks in favor of Vinge's technical singularity.
At the same time, the science fiction writer noted that our mind is used to doing linear extrapolations, rather than thinking exponentially. That is, we can draw some kind of linear conclusions, but not make jumps in rational activity exponentially and suddenly.
The writer predicted that special devices will transmit images directly to the eyes, creating a virtual reality effect, and mobile phones will transmit sound via Bluetooth directly to the ear. Google and Yandex will translate foreign texts well, small devices in conjunction with the Internet are closely integrated into our daily lives.
Kurzweil predicted that the computer would pass the Turing test in 2029, while the machine passed it more than a decade before the mentioned date. This suggests that the predictions of scientists may come true sooner than we expect.
Although, on the other hand, the program imitated the intelligence of a 13-year-old child, and passing the Turing test still does not speak clearly about any decisive achievements of Artificial Intelligence. In addition, the successful prediction of passing the test, although it speaks of the insight of the science fiction writer, does not prove such a fast implementation of a very complex interface.
By the 2030s, Kurzweil predicts nanorobots that will help connect the central nervous system to the cloud.
Among fresh domestic works on this subject, the work “Fungi and Fengi” is known . Like a flight to Mars or a return to the moon, which US President Donald Trump described as a task that must be solved “no matter what”, that is, regardless of the timing and financial influences, the implementation of such technologies sooner or later, but should happen.
Cyborgization, connecting a person to the knowledge base of civilization, radical extension and improvement of the quality of human life is currently considered as the most important task for the largest financial players on the planet.
So, it is assumed that robots will be able to connect to our neocortex, forming a bundle with an artificial brain in the cloud.
In general, these nano-organisms can be introduced into the body and controlled remotely and in real time, making the necessary changes in the biochemistry and morphology of the body.
The role of neurons in the electrical processing of information is reduced to its receipt, integration, synthesis and transfer.
Synapses are another fundamental part of an electrochemical system. These are the central components of neural networks that process information and are involved in the processes of short-term and long-term memory.
In addition, the study notes the ability to work not only with electrical signals, but also with the magnetic fields of the brain.
Information flowing through the interface to the brain connects it to supercomputers in real time.
The protocol for applying the interface should provide regular verification of connection strength.
It is assumed that the most reliable and safe to administer neuronorobots intravenously.
The characteristics of the system that scientists plan to create are impressive. The design of such an invention implies that scientists will take into account the parameters of balancing size, power and recording in this design. The main design goals in this case are reducing power consumption, thermal protection, reducing the size of devices and moving data processing to a powerful cloud.
And although today the results of experiments are not so much impressive as they are encouraging, science has already managed to interact with the brains of mice and monkeys. Animals were able to manipulate the power of thought and contacts with objects in three planes and cooperate with each other.
A stable and broad mix is predicted to provide 5G.
This breakthrough will also help make a global super-mind that connects the best minds of the human species with the computing power of computers.
We can learn faster, become smarter and live longer. The training will be similar to the realization of every schoolchild’s dream — uploaded knowledge, skills, and passed the exam.
Vast possibilities are represented by virtual and augmented reality, which will become possible with the B / CI interface.
Companies such as Cisco are already reporting significant cost savings thanks to meetings implemented using V and AR (virtual and augmented reality) tools, in particular, the company uses new realistic technology for employees' telecom presence.
Kurzweil's predictions have been criticized several times. In particular, he criticized the predictions of futurologist Jacques Fresco (Jacque Fresco), philosopher Collin McGinn (Colin McGinn) and computer scientist Douglas Hofstadter (Douglas Hofstadter).
Skeptics speculate that modern science is still too far from the actual implementation of such interfaces. The maximum that is currently available to science is a brain scan using MRI and determine which areas are involved in a particular process.
Critics express concern over the current level of development of science and technology and doubt that two decades will be enough to implement such projects, even in the conditions of the leading economies of the world. In addition, there are philosophical and religious debates about the admissibility of cyborgization of this kind. Time will tell whose predictions come true.
Despite the scale of analytical work and experiments on managing, for example, the mouse cursor using modern technologies for integrating technology with the human brain, such forecasts often seem to be an attempt to get money from investors.
In any case, the theme is in the air and is of interest to investment, regardless of the timing of implementation.
While scientists are developing nanorobots, we have already prepareda protected IaaS infrastructure ,