There is less freedom on the Internet
The ratio of Internet penetration to Internet freedom (on a 100-point scale, the higher the rating - the less freedom)
Freedom House, a non-governmental organization, has published its fifth annual report on the status of Internet freedom in 65 countries - Freedom On The Net 2014 ( PDF, 989 pages ) . The report was pessimistic: in almost half of the countries, the situation was deteriorating. Unfortunately, the trend has been observed for several years.
Between May 2013 and May 2014, new laws were adopted or proposed in 41 countries of the world that stipulate responsibility for expressing one’s point of view on the Internet, increase the powers of the authorities to control content or expand the ability to monitor citizens.
“Since May 2013, 38 of 65 countries registered users arrested for expressing opinions on the Internet on political or social issues,” the report said. - Dramatically increased pressure on independent news sites, which remain among the few sources of free information in many countries. Dozens of citizen journalists were attacked during their coverage of the conflict in Syria and anti-government protests in Egypt, Turkey and Ukraine. Other countries have intensified online media licensing and web regulation. ”
An interesting effect was exerted on the world by documents published by Edward Snowden. For many countries, they have become an excuse for increasing their own surveillance of users and regulating the Internet. Worse, some countries have begun requiring companies to place servers within the country, which only makes it easier for authorities to access user data.
The targets of advanced attacks with the installation of trojans and bugs are often the political opposition and human rights activists.
The maximum deterioration in the situation with Internet freedom over the past year has been recorded in three countries: Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. If this goes on, then soon we will catch up with the world leaders of this disappointing rating - Iran and China.
Well, Iceland (she is the world leader in Internet penetration), Estonia, Croatia and Germany are called the freest.
When compiling the rating, the following parameters were taken into account: obstacles to Internet access (weight 25 points), restrictions on content (35), violation of user rights (40). Here are the results for some countries.