Squeeze all the juices from the free version of Veeam Backup & Replication

    Let's be honest right away: no one likes to pay a lot for software. And for some, “a lot” is all that is more than the price of a daily meal. Even when it comes to professional software for professionals, if a slightly less paid competitor with fewer functions appears on the horizon, it immediately attracts a lot of attention, and in the minds of an amazed audience the question arises: “Or maybe the recognized market leader has already enumeration of these very functions, and there is no reason to pay for them? ” As an answer, some manufacturers are beginning to look for new, relatively honest methods of taking money from the population, and are introducing subscription services, which, as a first approximation, allow you to pay for software much less.

    Another approach to the problem is a clear understanding of which functionality is needed at the level of home and / or laboratory use, and which at the level of large corporations. And after Zen has been comprehended, all the “home” functionality becomes free, and for the rest they ask for money.

    Today I suggest that you consider the second model, figuring out what Veeam offers its users at no cost and is this not enough for daily personal use. Even if a small buy-and-sell office, or a simple business person, is looking out from under the “personal” one, he believes that the “bloody vendor” wants too much money for their products.
    If in doubt that they give really powerful tools without asking for anything in return and that this generally happens - welcome to cat.


    So, what do we have in a first approximation:
    • The flagship product Veeam Backup & Replication, which has a very good set of functions that can be used absolutely free of charge, that is, for nothing.
    • On the other hand, some functions are available only to holders of a paid license, and quite some are available only at a premium level for Enterprise license holders or celestials with Enterprise Plus.

    So, first we make backups


    Without a shadow of doubt, the main thing that software responsible for creating backup copies should do is ... drum roll ... backups! In the large version (read, the one for the money), the simplified backup function is fully present and is called VeeamZIP. In this case, the main thing about which it is customary to sigh is that the free version does not have the function of creating backups on a schedule, and you have to do everything by hand, and the "bloody vendor" takes money for such a simple thing.
    And you might think that yes, people are sad because they were given an unfinished tool and forced to pay for the most primitive functionality. If it were not for one “But!” - no one had imposed a ban on reading the manual on the PowerShell SDK, the manual itself did not hide, and it was not forbidden to install the SDK itself. And even put it in the installation image.
    And this is the only difference from the backup mechanism in the paid version. In all other respects, the backup of the virtual machine will be created exactly according to the same algorithm as in the case of using a license for several thousand dollars. In my opinion, this is a pretty good gesheft for an evening of fascinating reading ...
    As you can see in the screenshot below, in the Free version, that if you have a license, everything is in the same place. Just a little less opportunity.



    Chef, it's all gone


    And so backups so necessary for us lie in a safe place, but terrible happens, and we urgently need to restore the information. The first thing that comes to mind is the free version, for sure you can restore only half the car. Or one file. Or some other indigestible horror, typical for demo / free versions.
    But in practice, everything is much more prosaic!
    The free version of Backup & Replication, without any restrictions and insulting additions, allows you to restore information that is dear to your heart in as many as three ways: return the entire machine, remove a separate virtual drive from backup, or restore a separate file from the guest OS level.



    But, strictly speaking, there is also a fourth option - it is possible to recover information at the application level. And this is so great that I decided to devote a separate paragraph to this opportunity.

    Constellation of four masters


    So what applications are you talking about? Of course, we try to support all the most popular applications and services of corporate environments, but at the moment the free version allows you to restore Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft SharePoint, Microsoft SQL Server and, of course, Active Directory from all the same Microsoft. And this list will only expand and never - narrow!

    The only feature that is important to mention right away is that you need to start any recovery wizard manually from the program folder and prescribe the necessary settings or go in a slightly simpler way - in the window of the guest OS file recovery wizard, you can launch the necessary wizard with automatic substitution of part of the settings. While in the full version, everything happens automatically. But these are trifles.

    I suggest that you first consider the Exchange Item Recovery Wizard.
    The careless user deleted the letter, and do you have a backup so successfully made of your Exchange machine? Our Exchange recovery wizard will allow you to remove any object from the mailer database from backup! And as if nothing had happened. Or just look at the contents of the item you need in the recovery wizard window if you don’t want to complicate the process.
    In a drier language, directly from backup, without unnecessary gestures, you can remove .pst objects or individual .eml. Unfortunately, it will not work to restore directly to the base of the battle server, but there are plenty of existing functions.



    The exact same story with SharePoint. Without asking for a penny, we give a tool that can restore the desired object to any convenient place, if only everyone would be happy. The only limitation of the Free version is that you cannot restore objects to a live database. But we are not able to prohibit importing them there after restoration.



    And with the release of the latest version, we decided to “Take a walk - go for a walk!” And gave the grateful public tools for restoring Microsoft SQL and Active Directory objects.
    I don’t want to dwell on restoring SQL Server databases, because it works exactly as expected.



    And the main star in my personal charts is undoubtedly the Active Directory Object Restore Wizard. Here the soul can unfold in full, returning to life both individual users and their entire groups. And even the passwords of these same users can be returned to their original state. A very convenient tool with a thousand options for use.



    Even a snapshot is enough if it's a datastorage snapshot


    Surely it's no secret to anyone that any more or less serious data warehouse should be able to make snapshots of the structures stored on it, removing this sad duty from third-party applications, because it is logical that no one can do this better than it.
    What further can be done with these snapshots is a separate issue, but one of the available functions is the ability to restore information. And here everything is not so rosy, because This process is not as technically complicated as it requires the knowledge of some truths, the development of tools and the ability to apply the second to the first.

    In the wake of making life easier for good people, we decided that it would be nice to simplify everything to a few clicks of the mouse, and successfully implemented this venture!
    If you are the lucky owner of the HP StoreServ, HP StoreVirtual, (and recently, the NetApp line has also been added, though only in the paid version), then you have a full range of options for recovering information from storage snapshot.

    The full set includes: restoring the entire virtual machine, restoring individual files from the guest OS level of the machine, as well as all four wizards for restoring application items - Exchange, SharePoint, SQL and Active Directory.



    All magic happens very simply - add your storage via IP, and then we will either make or find all existing snapshots on our own, we will understand what type they are and what can be restored. Using NetApp as an example, we can recover information not only from a regular snapshot copy, but also from SnapMirror and SnapVault. And I think it's very cool.

    How to legally use vMotion if there is no money for a license


    The headline looks like an unhealthy ad, but honestly. Now I will explain how and why.
    Once upon a time, (by the standards of the history of server virtualization), VMware introduced a technology that allows virtual machines to migrate between hosts, and so cleverly that neither the operating system inside the moving machine nor the users working with this machine will even suspect that something has changed and happened. The implementation of this function has become one of the most important, and perhaps the most important, argument in the dispute over the need to use server-side virtualization.
    Of course, only a fool would lose such an opportunity to earn an extra dollar, and the ability to migrate between hosts began to cost some money.

    For our part, guided by the principle of a single management point, we added the ability to migrate virtual machines directly from the Backup & Replication interface. And of course, to take money for the functionality for which the user has already paid once, the hand does not rise.
    But the idea that somewhere in the world there is injustice, and such a wonderful thing as vMotion is not accessible to everyone, did not allow our developers to rest peacefully on their laurels, and they sat down to think. Very hard to think.

    The result of reflection was our version of machine migration, which, although it does not allow to do everything as cool as in the case of full-fledged vMotion, but reduces the downtime of a migrated machine to the technically possible minimum.
    And, unlike vMotion, our mechanism allows you to transfer machines even between clusters.
    Actually happiness, in the screenshot:



    Copy gigabytes from here, terabytes here ...


    Immediately after you have added your host or hosts to our program, the entire tab of their datastores will be displayed on the Files tab. In the example in the screenshot, several simple Windows machines, a Hyper-V host, an ESXi host, and a machine with vCenter were added to the program.



    What does this give us? The answer is obvious - the ability to work with files, namely copy and transfer files without restrictions inside the trickiest infrastructures. In a first approximation, everything looks very simple, but you quickly get pulled in, because tools that come with the hypervisor are very inconvenient in terms of file operations. In our case, you can work with files as in a regular explorer, copying anything you want and where you want, without painful passes with your hands.

    The utility is based on the independent FastSCP utility, which is available for free download.
    I note that the data exchange will take place not by a frontal attack, but only after analyzing all possible transmission options, using compression, deleting empty blocks and other useful actions aimed at speeding up file transfers.

    A great addition is the ability to create a File Copy job, within which you can automate the sending of a set of files on a schedule. It is convenient, for example, to send all backups at the end of the week to remote storage.

    Ribbons


    It was also decided to add the ability to work with tape drives. Without limiting ourselves to interacting only with individual drives, we give the opportunity to use any device, up to libraries. The only condition is that you must have the correct drivers from the manufacturer installed. With universal we do not work.
    In terms of functionality, everything is simple - you can write files to a tape, you can read them from there. If you record backup, you can immediately restore the necessary information, bypassing the side steps.
    The bonus is the ability to run file backup automatically i.e. An incremental chain of all changes to the original file will be recorded.



    And the nomination is a trifle, but it’s nice


    The FastSCP Editor utility, with which the Veeam story had long begun, is leaving.
    This is a small, cozy and lamp editor of VMX files i.e. no need to download vmx first, edit it and upload it back. The addiction is instant and indistinguishable.

    Well, as is customary in a decent society, at the end there is a set of links on the topic of the article: An

    official article on Habr about the possibilities of a paid and free version: http://habrahabr.ru/company/veeam/blog/242587/
    Pre-release article on Habr with a description of the masters recovery of application objects:
    http://habrahabr.ru/company/veeam/blog/223921/ You
    can get the Free Edition here:
    http://www.veeam.com/ru/virtual-machine-backup-solution-free.html
    And the blessed guide to the PowerShell SDK (in the language of the likely adversary) lies here:
    http://helpcenter.veeam.com/backup/80/powershell/index.html?getting_started.html

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