English words. Methods and methods of remembering

The processes of globalization have long made our planet a single whole society, which allows us to quickly and easily establish contacts between its individual members. However, some barriers still exist today - among them it is worth noting the language, which restrict communication between people. English is considered the international language of communication - English speech and, in particular, English words are the most common, but not all people can use them effectively. Currently, there are many different methods of teaching foreign languages, with which you can reach a new level of personal, business and working communications. One of the most difficult and necessary conditions for learning a language is remembering English words. This article will talk about methods and ways of memorizing English words.

Why is it so necessary to use effective techniques for memorizing English words?
Surely, everyone remembers the boring and ineffective cramming that was practiced at school. Foreign words and, in particular, English words were written out in special notebooks, then they were learned without understanding the essence, and the scope of their application became translations of small texts. This method arose at the beginning of the century, and he received the name of the grammar-translation . Unfortunately, after several decades of application, it was recognized as incorrect - some time after completing the program, students lose up to 60% of their vocabulary, and many fail to learn to build meaningful sentences and maintain conversations.

Around the middle of the century, scientists discovered that memorizing English words is much better when people understand what is hidden under a particular word. Based on this conclusion, they created a figuratively associative method . When using it, students are issued cards that contain a drawing and signatures in various languages. In this case, with English words. In the process of studying, the brain automatically draws parallels between graphic and textual information, which helps to establish more solid knowledge.

The development of new technologies has led to the possibility of using audio recordings that helped to better remember not only English words , but also whole expressions or rules for constructing grammatical constructions in a language. The audio-lingual method involved classes in classes with tape recorders and headphones, in which people spent quite a long time. Frequent repetitions made it possible to memorize words, and the use of recordings dictated by indigenous native speakers made it possible to learn the correct pronunciation. However, in practice, the method turned out to be not much better than the grammar-translation one - the students quickly lost their knowledge and forgot the material studied.

The development of such a method was the method of suggestopedia or accelerated memorization - it involved studying in a dream or using specially structured notes that were better perceived by the human brain. To get an idea of ​​it, it is worth recalling the beloved film about the adventures of the eternal student Shurik. It also shows characteristic flaws - in most cases, the brain remembers the material submitted to it without practical comprehension, which leads to the complete impossibility of using language tools and English words in particular.

In modern practice, mention is increasingly made of integrated methods that combine several different methods. In particular, for better memorization, not only English words and image cards are used, but also simultaneously broadcast voice recordings. From the method of suggestology, they learned the creation of a special structure of lessons for learning English. In particular, the method of decreasing repeat frequency ( WiKi - interval repetitions) showed very good results.) - unlike cramming, it does not aim to quickly learn a certain word and forget about it. After the first lessons, the student may not remember the material submitted to him, but his subconscious mind will perceive the information. Perfectly selected frequency of repetition of training allows you to securely consolidate knowledge. The practical experience of implementing such a program has shown high efficiency - the share of lost vocabulary was several times lower than when using alternative methods. In this case, not only simple words are memorized, but also complex, complex concepts. For example, this technique in combination with images meaning English words and their pronunciation is used by the free program EngCards .

Integrated techniques are well combined with modern electronic technologies - thanks to their use it is possible to carry out independent training at any time and in any environment, while achieving excellent results. Mobile gadgets on iOS and Android are best suited for this. It is on them that now the most useful applications for learning English are now.

Also popular now: