NASA experts have chosen scientific instruments for the "heir" Curiosity
The project to create a rover, which should replace Curiosity, has been ongoing for quite some time. In particular, for several months, NASA accepted proposals for installing various scientific instruments on a new device. Experts from different countries proposed their own options for such tools, which should perform a certain range of research functions on Mars.
A total of 58 proposals were sent, of which NASA experts chose 7. Some of these tools can help to answer the question whether there are enough Mars resources to support the colonists on the Red Planet. In addition, the scientific tools of the next generation Mars rover (and a new rover is created on the basis of Curiosity) will help answer another urgent question: did life exist on Mars before.
And finally, the rover will try to detect potentially dangerous conditions / factors that could threaten the life or health of the colonists on Mars.
Among other tools, it is worth highlighting the Mastcam-Z stereo camera, which can receive panoramic and stereoscopic images with good resolution. Another tool, SuperCam, will determine the chemical and mineral composition of rocks, while another tool, Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL), will determine the elemental composition of the surface minerals of Mars.
The Scanning Habitable Environments spectrometer with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC) will try to detect organic components using ultraviolet radiation. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) will release oxygen from carbon dioxide.
The penultimate instrument of Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) will observe the environmental conditions of Mars, and the seventh instrument, Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX) will show what is below the surface of Mars.
For the development of equipment, a round sum of 130 million US dollars is needed. Mars 2020 itself will be similar to its forerunner, Curiosity, but differ from its relative in a set of scientific tools and some other features (for example, landing system).