Mnemonics: you can remember everything

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What is mnemonics?

I do not like to write definitions from Wikipedia, so I will explain in my own words what mnemonics is. Mnemonics are ways to remember information by changing the type of information. Instead of remembering numbers, remember words. Instead of words, you can memorize places. Instead of moves in chess - a poem.

The simplest example of mnemonics is the example of a rhyme, thanks to which you can easily remember the first digits after the decimal point in the number Pi:
In order for us not to be mistaken,
It is necessary to read correctly:
Three, fourteen, fifteen,
Ninety-two and six.
Well, then you need to know,
If we ask you -
It will be five, three, five,
Eight, nine, seven.

write in the comments other examples of poems for Pi. I know that there are a lot of them

Frankly, I didn’t specifically look for information on mnemonics on the Habré. I want to set out a view from my side: what I know. I had no desire to “dilute” the information with other sources. Under the cut a lot of useful information that I have been collecting bit by bit for a very long time.

Mnemonics is very extensive: there are dozens of ways to memorize everything you need. Some of the ways I found bad, some too complicated. Therefore, I highlighted some of the best, in my opinion, tricks of mnemonics. I will not specifically insert descriptions from extraneous sites, explaining everything in my own words.

Palace of Remembrance (Cicero Road)


The ancient philosopher and speaker Cicero daily went to the “work” on foot. Possessing brilliant attention, he noticed day after day various features on the road along which he marched. After a long time, Cicero remembered the road so well that he could perfectly recall any part of it with all the details.
After that, Cicero learned to “tie” any objects in his memory to the road. And when he recalled a place on the road, he instantly recalled an object that was “tied” to a place. This is called an association .

The method of the palace of memory (hereinafter I mean the path of Cicero) consists in strong associative relations, thanks to which you can remember any amount of information in the correct order.

How to remember?

To use the palace of memory, you need to have a good imagination. In fact, anyone can use this method, but a good imagination will help a lot.

Take an abstract random set of products that you need to buy in a supermarket:
  1. Pack of sugar
  2. Sukharikov
  3. Jar of peas
  4. Crab sticks
  5. Strawberry jam
  6. Carrots
  7. A dozen eggs
  8. Piece of meat
  9. Bunch of bananas
  10. A carton of milk

as you see, my fantasy is not so good.

Now we need to find the “road” to which we will attach this shopping list. Fantasy people can come up with hundreds of different places and remember them well (space station, soccer field in an underwater camp, whatever), but for a short list of ten items, you can use the real road.

I will give my “road” as an example and show how to attach objects to it. Here is my path I take every morning:

  1. Bed (I wake up on it)
  2. Toilet (is it worth writing?)
  3. Kitchen (breakfast)
  4. Corridor (dress, shoe)
  5. Porch (going down the stairs)
  6. A billboard in front of the entrance.
  7. The traffic light that I go through daily.
  8. Shop with ice cream.
  9. The barrier in front of the school.
  10. Porch of the school.

The more information you need to remember, the more you should make the road. Or longer - which is easier for you. The main thing is to remember perfectly all the way in your head. There are no problems with my dear, I go to school every day.

Now let's bind the shopping list. The most important thing in associative communication: to make unique, unusual, funny or terrifying, any extraordinary associations. Simple associations “a pack of sugar lies on the bed” are not suitable. Try to add feelings to your associations: sound (crunch of crackers), touch (nasty sugar).

  1. All night I slept not on the bed, but on a pack of sugar. The pack was full of holes and sugar crumbs were everywhere, they crack unpleasantly, phew!
  2. I go into the toilet and step on crackers (a nasty sound), slip in fright and fall face down into the toilet. (which you can’t do for mnemonics)
  3. Having got out of this hell, I go into the kitchen, open the cupboard, and a huge mountain of peas, slippery and vile, fall out on me (I do not like peas)
  4. Instead of a spoon, I use crab sticks in the corridor to put on my shoes. Naturally, it breaks and I put on shoes with a wand inside.
  5. I go out into the staircase, start down the stairs and slip on jam (something frequented with falls, ay-ay-ay)
  6. On the board flaunts an announcement about the purchase of the planet Carrot.
  7. At the traffic lights, when I cross the road, they throw me eggs from cars.
  8. I decide to buy ice cream, and in place of the ice cream list there are different pieces of meat (an abomination, I'll never forget that)
  9. A barrier opens a macaque by a bunch of bananas. Quest!
  10. Just step on the porch, the entire floor turns into a milk pool! I don’t know how to swim! Wow ...

Most likely my associations will seem stupid or unsuccessful to you. But this is the first thing that occurred to me. And this is the most important. You do not need to think long about the association, choose the first thing that comes to mind, otherwise you will then remember as long as you came up with. You’ll try it just a few times and will do it very quickly, believe me.

Thanks to this method, I easily memorize 50-60 objects, and potentially - there can be them unlimitedly - how long your road or roads will suffice (no one forbids using several!).

Snap to numbers

Another way to remember some list or other information. The method is somewhat more complicated, requires preparation, but there is no need to invent or remember a way in it.

For each number from 1 to [how much you need] you come up with a rhyme that comes to mind first. Instead of rhyme, you can use the strong association that you have with the number. The main thing is to be inventive. It turns out like this for me:

  • One is Aladdin
  • Two - Lithuania
  • Three - rub (lamp)
  • Four - holes in the cheese
  • Five - honey mushrooms
  • Six - Six. (similar in spelling)
  • Seven - James Bond (007)
  • Eight - The Snowman. (8 looks like a snowman)
  • Nine - Swan
  • Zero - Gingerbread Man

Now, in order to remember (to attach some object) you only need to make an associative connection with this object. The advantage of this method in the absence of a road, we can easily go by numbers. The disadvantage of this method is the preparation.

Interesting fact

Japanese Hideaki Tomoyori can reproduce the number of PIs up to 40,000 characters. It took him about 10 years to memorize so many numbers.


I’ll talk about other ways next time. About how to memorize numbers, words, there are many different methods. And now a few truths about the mnemonics that I noticed at the time of class:
  • It takes a minimum of practice. In just two or three attempts, you will be well in associative relations.
  • In life, this is rarely needed.
  • But it develops ordinary memory!
  • Most of your friends will not be able to remember 20 items in the correct order, it will be possible to show off;)

Where did you get it from?

  • Corinda - 13 steps to mentalism
  • Dominic O'Brien - How to Develop a Perfect Memory
  • Stepanov - Mnemonics. Truth and fiction (so-so book)

If you find errors in the text - write in private messages, I will quickly correct it. Thanks :)

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