Ruby on Rails 3 - Final Release Notes

Original author: Mikel Lindsaar
  • Transfer

Table of contents

  1. Migrating to Rails 3.0
    • Rails 3 Requires Ruby 1.8.7+
    • Application object in Rails
    • script/* replaced by script/rails
    • Dependencies and config.gem
    • Transition process
  2. Building an application on Rails 3.0
    • Inclusion of gems
    • Life is on the verge
  3. Architectural changes
    • Cooldown Railties
    • All Rails core components are now independent
    • Active Model Abstraction
    • Controller abstraction
    • Arel Integration
    • Extract Mail
  4. Documentation
  5. Internationalization
  6. Railties
  7. Action pack
    • Abstract controller
    • Action controller
    • Action dispatch
    • Action view
  8. Active model
    • ORM abstraction and interface with Action Pack
    • Validations
  9. Active record
    • Query interface
    • Enhancements
    • Patches and deprecated methods
  10. Active resource
  11. Active support
  12. Action mailers
  13. About the creators


Ruby on Rails 3.0 is released! He will cook dinner for you and fill the washing machine with linen. You will still wonder how you used to live without him. These are the best rails we have ever made!

But seriously speaking, it was a really great thing. With the arrival of the creators of Merb in the team, we implemented their best ideas, and, in addition, emphasized the agnosticism of the framework, simplifying and speeding up the code, and also added a handful of new APIs. If you upgrade to Rails 3.0 with Merb 1.x, you will likely be familiar with a lot. And you certainly will love Rails 3.0, moving from any version 2.x.

But even if you don’t care about the internal cleaning of the code, you still will not feel the taste of Rails 3.0. We have prepared a whole bunch of new features and updated APIs. It's time to become a Rails developer. Here are the main changes:
  • A brand new RESTful-style router;
  • New API for Action Mailer, created in the image and likeness of Action Controller (from now on without the hellish sending of messages from several parts);
  • Language for creating a query chain in Active Record, built on the basis of relational algebra;
  • Unobtrusive Javascript helpers with drivers for Prototype, jQuery and, in the near future, other frameworks (end to inline JS);
  • Explicit dependency management with the Bundler.
In addition to all this, we tried to best distinguish obsolete APIs, providing the corresponding components with special messages. Those. in order to upgrade to Rails 3.0 now, you don’t need to rewrite all existing code to comply with all the innovations.

These release notes cover only the main innovations, but not every bugfix or minor change is taken away. Rails 3.0 consists of about 4,000 commits from more than 1,600 authors! If you need to know everything to the smallest detail, pay attention to the list of all commits .

1. Transition to Rails 3

As usual, when upgrading to the new version, it’s best to have your code covered as much as possible with tests. And, for starters, you'd better upgrade to 2.3.5 to make sure your application is working properly even before upgrading to Rails 3.0.

1.1 Rails 3.0 Requires Ruby 1.8.7+

Rails 3.0 requires Ruby 1.8.7 or higher. Support for previous versions is officially discontinued, so we recommend that you upgrade to a new version of Ruby as soon as possible. In addition, Rails is compatible with Ruby version 1.9.2.

Keep in mind that in Ruby 1.8.7 p248 and p249 there are marshaling bugs that crash Rails 3.0. In Ruby Enterprise Edition, this has been fixed since version 1.8.7-2010.02. As for 1.9, Ruby 1.9.1 cannot be used either. in Rails 3.0, it causes segmentation errors (segfaults). Thus, if you want to use the Rails 3.0 branch of Ruby 1.9, jump immediately to 1.9.2.

1.2 Application Object

As part of its work on supporting multiple Rails applications running in the same process, Rails 3.0 introduces a new concept that involves the use of an object Application. This object contains everything specific to your application, configuration settings, and by its nature it is very similar to the contents of config / environment.rb from previous versions of Rails.

Now each Rails application has a special object Application. This object is defined in the config / application.rb file. If you need to upgrade an existing application to the new version of Rails, you need to create this file manually and copy the necessary information from config / environment.rb into it.

1.3 script/*replaced byscript/rails

The new script / rails now replaces all scripts in the corresponding folder. But you do not need to access the script / rails directly - just run the command railsfrom the root of the application, which, in the context of your application, will execute the specified script. For instance:
rails console # => ./script/console
rails g scaffold post title:string # => ./script/generate scaffold post title:string
The team will rails –helpkindly provide the entire list of available options.

1.4 Dependencies and config.gem

The method has config.gemgone into oblivion in favor of bundler'a and Gemfile' a (see below “Enabling gems”)

1.5 Transition Process

To automate and simplify the transition process, a special plugin was created - Rails Upgrade .

Just install the plugin and run it $ rake rails:upgrade:checkto find out which of the existing parts of your program need updating (with links to information on how and what to update). Also in the plugin there is a task for generation Gemfile, based on existing calls in config.gemand task for generating a new file with routes based on the old one. To download the plugin, simply do the following - $ script/plugin install git://

For an example of how this works, see the Rails Upgrade is now an Official Plugin link .

On the other hand, if you need more help, you can always contact people on the IRC channel or in the newsletterrubyonrails-talk , which probably do the same thing as you, and perhaps even face the same problems. When you finally succeed - do not forget to write on your blog to share your experience with others!

Additional Information - The Path to Rails 3: Approaching the upgrade .

2. Creating a new Rails application

The sequence at the moment looks like this:
$ gem install rails --version 3.0.0
$ rails myapp
$ cd myapp

2.1 Inclusion of gems

Rails now uses Gemfileto know which plugins are needed to run your application. To read and work with this file, there is a new bundler gem, which puts all the necessary gems into the directory vendor, thereby isolating your application from system gems.

Additional Information - Using bundler .

2.2 Life on the verge

Now, thanks to bundler-u and Gemfile-u, in order to “freeze” your application, it is enough to execute the special command bundle-ra - goodbye rake freeze! ..

Well, if you use the code from the master branch of the Rails repository, just pass the flag to create the application --dev:
$ rails myapp —edge

3. Architectural changes in Rails

The Rails architecture has undergone 6 significant changes.

3.1 Reloading Railties

Railties has been updated to provide a robust API for writing plugins for any component of the framework. Generators and bindings were also completely rewritten, which gives developers the opportunity to switch to an incomparably different level of elegance in their use.

3.2 All Rails core components are now independent

Together with the merger of Merb and Rails, one of the main tasks was to get rid of the strong connection between the components of the Rails core. This goal has been achieved, and now all the key components of Rails use a single API, which you can use to develop plugins.

This means that any plug-in or replacement of any kernel component (using, for example, DataMapper or Sequel) has access to the same functionality as the kernel, with the possibility of its expansion and improvement.

More Information - The Great Decoupling

3.3 Active Model Abstraction

Part of the work on separating components was extracting all Active Record bindings from the Action Pack. Now that this is complete, any new ORM plugin needs to implement all Active Model interfaces to work correctly with the Action Pack.

Additional Information - ActiveModel: Let Any Ruby Object Feel ActiveRecord

3.4 Abstract controller

Another significant part of the work on separation of components in the kernel was the creation of a base superclass isolated from HTTP in order to render templates, etc. The creation of Abstract Controller allowed us to significantly simplify the Action Controller and Action Mailer by extracting common code for both in Abstract Controller

Additional Information - Rails Edge Architecture .

3.5 Arel Integration

Arel (or Active Relation) was taken as the foundation for Active Record and is now one of the dependencies of the Rails application. Arel introduces a special abstraction of SQL, thereby simplifying Active Record and providing the foundation for implementing relation functionality in Active Record.

Additional Information - Why I wrote Arel .

3.6 Retrieving Mail

From the day of its creation, Action Mailer was constantly hung up with dubious patches, pre-parsers and, in addition to combining with TMail, acquired agents for sending and receiving mail. In version 3.0, all email related functionality was abstracted to the Mail gem . This, again, reduced the amount of duplicate code and helped separate the Action Mailer from the email parser.

More information - New Action Mailer API in Rails 3 .

4. Documentation

The documentation for all changes to the API is in the process of being updated. In addition to this, the Rails Edge guides are also updated to meet all the changes in Rails 3.0. However, the guides at will only correspond to the latest stable version (i.e. version 2.3.5, up to the final release 3.0).

Additional Information - Rails Documentation Projects .

5. Internationalization

In Rails 3, a significant amount of work has been done to support internationalization. The latest version of the i18n gem is included and carries significant speed optimization.
  • I18n in every home - now, if desired, l18n can be embedded in any object by adding ActiveModel :: Translation and ActiveModel :: Validations modules to it. In addition, translation support for errors.messages has been added.
  • Attributes can now set the default language.
  • Form tags automatically determining the status of an object (Create or Update), tighten the correct translation language.
  • The Label tag with l18n now works correctly - just pass the attribute name to it.
Additional Information - Rails 3 I18n changes .

6. Railties

Together with the separation of the main components inside Rails, Railities have been carefully redesigned to facilitate the interaction between frameworks, engines and plugins, making it as painless and flexible as possible:
  • Each application is now assigned its own namespace (for example, the application is launched as follows:) YourAppName.boot, which makes interaction between applications much easier.
  • Now you can turn to Rails.configwhere a huge variety of configuration settings for your application are available.
  • Everything inside is Rails.root/appnow automatically added to load path, so now you can, say, add a file app/observers/user_observer.rb, and Rails just loads it.
At the beginning of application generation, you can now use several new flags, including flags that let you skip the installation of components such as test-unit, Active Record, Prototype, and Git. In addition, thanks to the new flag -dev, when installing the application, it Gemfileis taken from the current Rails repository. See rails –helpfor reference.

A huge amount of attention has been given to generators of various Railities. In short:
  • Generators have been rewritten from scratch and are no longer backward compatible.
  • The template and generator APIs were connected together.
  • Generators are no longer loaded from a special path (load path), but simply loaded from a boot path (Ruby load path), so the call script/generate foowill do the same asgenerators/foo_generator
  • Now you can easily connect any new template engine, ORM or test framework to the generator.
  • In the new generators, you can easily rewrite the original templates by simply putting the desired file in RAILS_ROOT/lib/templates.
  • It appeared Rails::Generators::TestCasethanks to which you can create and test your own generators.
In addition, the generated views also received some enhancements:
  • Generated views now use tags divinstead p.
  • When generating forms using scaffold, instead of duplicating the code in the edit and new views, partial with an annotation is now used _form
  • When generating forms using scaffold it is now used f.submitthat returns “Create ModelName” or “Update ModelName”, depending on the state in which the object came
Finally, improvements were made to rake tasks:
  • A task has been added rake db:forward, thanks to which it is now possible to twist migrations forward individually or in groups.
  • A task has been added rake routes CONTROLLER=x, which now allows you to view routes for one specific controller.
Recognized obsolete:
  • RAILS_ROOTin favor of Rails.root,
  • RAILS_ENVin favor of Rails.env,
  • RAILS_DEFAULT_LOGGERin favor of Rails.logger.
PLUGIN/rails/tasksand PLUGIN/tasksno longer load - all tasks should be in the directory PLUGIN/lib/tasks.

Additional information :

7. Action Pack

The Action Pack has undergone significant internal and external changes.

7.1 Abstract Controller

From Action Controller'a to Abstract Controller, in the form of modules, the main parts were taken out that can now be used to render templates, partial' s, helper's, internationalization, logging and any other part of the request-response cycle. Thanks to this abstraction, it is ActionMailer::Basenow simply inherited from Abstract Controller'a, being, you will be assured, a wrapper over Rails DSL in the form of a Mail gem.

Removing in Abstract Controllereverything that could be made possible a lot easier Action Controller. However, keep in mind that programmers will not be able to directly access Abstract Controller' y, this is not an API.

Additional Information - Rails Edge Architecture .

7.2 Action Controller

  • As application_controller.rbfrom now on protect_from_forgeryby default.
  • cookie_verifier_secretwas deprecated. Now you should refer to it instead Rails.application.config.cookie_secret, and its implementation is now in a separate fileinitializers/cookie_verification_secret.rb
  • session_store was moved to initializers/session_store.rb
  • now allows setting encrypted values ​​in the cookie hash:[:key] => value
  • cookies.permanentnow allows you to set constant values ​​in the cookie hash: cookie.permanent[:key] => valuewhich throws an exception if the verification is unsuccessful
  • Now you can send notice => ‘Это flash-сообщение’or :alert => ‘Что-то пошло не так’to call formatin the block respond_to. The hash flash[]is still in operation
  • respond_withwas added to the controllers, thereby simplifying obsolete formatblocks
  • has been added ActionController::Responderwith which you can flexibly generate responses
Recognized obsolete:
  • filter_parameter_logging in favor config.filter_parameters << :password
Additional Information:

7.3 Action Dispatch

Introduced in Rails 3.0, this new component is designed to greatly simplify routing.
  • after strong cleaning and rewriting routing, from now on routerit is rack_mountover Rails DLS, i.e. in fact, it is now a separate small application
  • Routes declared in the application are now in the namespace of the Application module. Those. now instead of:
    ActionController::Routing::Routes.draw do
    map.resources :posts
    Need to write:
    AppName::Application.routes do
    resources :posts
  • a method has been added match, so now you can hang a Rack application on a suitable (matched) route
  • added method constraints, allowing you to protect your routes with conditions
  • A method has been added scopewith which you can put routes into namespaces (for example, for different languages ​​or special actions). For example, the following code:
    scope ‘es’ do
    resources :projects, :path_names => { :edit => ‘cambiar’ }, :as => ‘projeto’
    will call a method editat/es/projeto/1/cambiar
  • added method rootas shortcut tomatch ‘/’, :to => path
  • an matchoptional segment can be transmitted. So, in match “/:controller(/:action(/:id))(.:format)”, any parenthesized text is optional
  • routes can be expressed as blocks, i.e. Now for example, you can write:home { match ‘/:action’ }
It is important to remember that obsolete teams mapare still in operation, but with the advent of 3.1 they will disappear completely.
Recognized obsolete:
  • hosted non-REST application /:controller/:action/:idroute ( ) has been commented out
  • :path_prefixremoved for routes, and :name_prefixnow automatically adds "_" at the end of the passed value
Additional Information:

7.4 Action View

7.4.1 Unobtrusive JavaScript

The helpers in Action View have undergone significant revisions: hooks for Unobtrusive JavaScript (UJS) have been introduced, and the old inline AJAX teams have sunk into oblivion. Thus, in Rails, you can now use any UJS driver to implement UJS hooks in helpers.

This means that all previously existing helpers remote_have been removed from the rails and are now in the special Prototype Legacy Helper helper . Now, to access UJS hooks, just pass :remote => true. So, for example:
form_for @post, :remote => true
will return:
form action="" id="create-post" method="post" data-remote="true"

7.4.2 Block Helpers

Helpers such as form_foror div_forthat insert content from a block now use <%=:
<%= form_for @post do |f| %>
<% end %>

Your own helpers of this type will return a string, and will not append it manually to the output buffer.

Helpers for other purposes, such as cacheand content_for, remain intact.

7.4.3 Other changes

  • You no longer need to call h(String)HTML for filtering - now all views are generated with default filtering. In order to pass an unfiltered string, you need to call raw(string).
  • Helpers now return HTML5 markup.
  • The helper labelnow retrieves data from I18n with one parameter, i.e. f.label :namewill immediately return the translated :name.
  • selectfor I18n is now called as :en.helpers.selectinstead
  • You no longer need to put a minus sign in the closing tag of the ERb-template in order to avoid translation deadlines.
  • Helper added to ActionView grouped_collection_select.
  • Added method content_for?to check before rendering whether content exists.
  • By :value => nilsubmitting the form for helpers, you thereby set the value of the field to nilinstead of using the standard value.
  • Submitting :id => nilfor helpers forms an attribute idwill not be generated.
  • By passing :alt => nilimage_tag to the helper, you set the field value to nilinstead of using the standard value.

8 Active Model

Active Model is a new component of Rails 3.0. Now any ORM library can interact with Rails - all you need is to implement the Active Model interface, which is just an abstract layer.

8.1 ORM abstraction and Action Pack interface

Part of the work of breaking apart the core components of Rails was to extract all the links in Active Record from the Action Pack. Now that this is complete, any ORM library just needs to implement the Active Model interfaces to simply access the Active Record.

More Information - Make Any Ruby Object Feel Like ActiveRecord

Validations 8.2

Validations migrated from Active Record to Active Model, thereby providing their interface to other ORM libraries.

Now there is a method validates :attribute, options_hash.

You options_hashcan transfer several different validations at once, including:
  • :acceptance => Boolean
  • :confirmation => Boolean
  • :exclusion => { :in => Ennumerable }
  • :inclusion => { :in => Ennumerable }
  • :format => { :with => Regexp, :on => :create }
  • :length => { :maximum => Fixnum }
  • :numericality => Boolean
  • :presence => Boolean
  • :uniqueness => Boolean
ATTENTION: All previous validations are still in order - the new style of writing them is only an addition (but not a replacement) to the old one.

You can also pass a validator object that can be used in different objects of type ActiveModel. For instance:
class TitleValidator < ActiveModel::EachValidator
Titles = [‘Mr.’, ‘Mrs.’, ‘Dr.’]

def validate_each(record, attribute, value)
unless Titles.include?(value)
record.errors[attribute] << ‘must be a valid title’

class Person
include ActiveModel::Validations

attr_accessor :title
validates :title, :presence => true, :title => true

Or for objects of type Active Record:
class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
validates :title, :presence => true, :title => true

Additional information :

9. Active Record

A lot of attention was paid to Active Record in Rails 3: abstraction in the Active Model, a completely updated query interface using Arel, updates in validations, and many other changes. All obsolete APIs from Rails 2.x will work as before, but with the release of Rails 3.1 they will have to say goodbye.

9.1 Request Interface

Any method in Active Record, thanks to the use of Arel, now returns relation. The existing API will be deprecated in Rails 3.1, and completely removed from the framework in Rails 3.2. Among the new methods that can be arranged in chains, there are the following:
  • where- provides a condition for reletion, i.e. what will be chosen.
  • select - selection of the required attribute from the database.
  • group - groups relation on the provided attribute.
  • having- an analogue GROUP BYfrom SQL.
  • joins - merges relation'a with another table.
  • clause- an analogue JOINfrom SQL.
  • includes - includes others created earlier ralations.
  • order - Sorts relation according to the passed expression.
  • limit - sets a limit on the number of records in relation.
  • lock - blocks records coming from the database.
  • readonly - returns a copy of data in a read-only access mode.
  • from - makes it possible for relation'a to make a selection from several tables.
  • scope- (earlier named_scope) returns a relation object.
  • with_scope- like with_exclusive_scope, also returns a relation object.
  • default_scope - also works with relation'ami
Additional information :

9.2 Other improvements

  • added :destroyed?to Active Record objects
  • Added :inverse_offor relationships, allowing you to get an already loaded relationship without accessing the database

9.3 Patches and termination of support

On top of that, many other changes have occurred in the Active Record branch:
  • SQLite 2 has been discontinued in favor of SQLite 3.
  • Implemented support for column ordering in MySQL.
  • In the adapter for PostgreSQL fixed TIME_ZONE- no more erroneous values.
  • Support for multiple schemas for tables in PostgreSQL.
  • table_name now cached.
  • Strong cleaning was carried out, along with multiple bugfixes of the adapter for the Oracle database.
In addition, many things had to be recognized as obsolete:
  • named_scope Active Record is deprecated and renamed to scope
  • in the method scopeyou need to use relation methods instead of searching in style :condition => {}. For instance::since, lambda {|time| where(“created_at > ?”, time) }
  • save(false) deprecated in favor save(:validate => false)
  • I18n error messages for Active Record need to be changed from :en.activerecord.errors.templateto:en.errors.template
  • model.errors.ondeprecated in favor model.errors[]
  • validates_presence_of now became :presence => true
  • ActiveRecord::Base.colorize_loggingand config.active_record.colorize_loggingare deprecated in favor of Rails::Subscriber.colorize_loggingor config.colorize_logging.
It is worth noting that the so-called State Machine is not included in Rails 3.0.

10. Active Resourse

Active Resourse was also extracted into the Active Model, making it easy to use Active Resourse objects in the Action Pack.
  • Validations added thanks to the Active Model.
  • Added observing hooks.
  • HTTP proxy support
  • Added support for digest authentication.
  • Model naming has been moved to the Active Model.
  • Active Resource attributes changed to random access hash.
  • Alias ​​methods have been added first, lastand allfor the corresponding scope.
  • find_everyno longer returns an error ResourceNotFoundif nothing is found
  • Added save!, which returns ResourceInvalidin case the object is not valid?.
  • In the ActiveResource model, update_attributeand methods have been added update_attributes.
  • Now, to download deleted errors, Active Resources is content-typeused instead of them format.
  • For a schema block is used instance_eval.
  • Fixed ActiveResource::ConnectionError#to_swhere @responsedid not respond to #code or #message (...).
  • Added support for JSON errors.
  • Supported work loadwith arrays of numbers.
  • Answer 410 from a remote source, in case it was deleted, is now recognized correctly.
  • In Active Resouce added is possible to set SSL options.
  • Setting a timeout for a connection now also affects Net::HTTPopen_timeout.
Recognized obsolete:
  • save(false) deprecated in favor save(:validate => false)
  • Ruby 1.9.2: URI.parseboth .decodeare deprecated and are no longer used in the library

11. Active Support

We have achieved great success in working on Active Support, so now you don’t have to include the entire Active Support library just to use some small subset of its functions. Thus, many internal Rails modules began to work much faster.
  • total cleaning of the entire library was carried out, many unused methods were also removed
  • Active Support no longer provides methods from TZInfo , Memchache Client and Bundle : now all this needs to be included separately, pre-installed with the commandgem bundle
  • added ActiveSupport :: SafeBuffer
  • fixed Array.uniq_byandArray.uniq_by!
  • fixed bug where it TimeZone.seconds_to_utc_offsetreturned the wrong value
  • layer added ActiveSupport::Notifications
  • ActiveSupport.use_standard_json_time_format now default true
  • ActiveSupport.escape_html_entities_in_json now default true
  • Integer#multiple_of? теперь принимает ноль в качестве аргумента, и если само число равно нулю — возвращает false
  • string.chars перемменован в string.mb_chars
  • ActiveSupport::OrderedHash теперь может быть де-сериализован через YAML
  • добавлен парсер на основе SAX для XmlMini, с использованием LibXML и Nokogiri
  • добавлен метод Object#presence, который возвращает объект если он присутствует (иначе — nil)
  • добавлен метод String#exclude? который возвращается отрицание include?
  • добавлен метод to_i в DateTime, в Active Support, так что теперь to_yaml работает верно на моделях с атрибутом DateTime
  • добавлен метод Enumerable#exclude? чтобы составить компанию Enumerable#include?, избежав тем самым конструкций вида !x.include?
  • XSS фильтрация теперь включена по умолчанию
  • добавлена поддержка глубокого слияния в ActiveSupport::HashWithIndifferentAccess
  • Enumerable#sum теперь работает со всеми множествами, даже если они не отвечают на :size
  • inspect on a zero time interval instead of an empty line now returns 0
  • in and modelnameaddedelementcollection
  • String#to_timeand String#to_datetimeallow fractional seconds
  • added support for new callbacks for the filter object that responds to :beforeand :afterused before and after callbacks
  • the method ActiveSupport::OrderedHash#to_areturns an ordered set of arrays (same as Hash#to_afrom Ruby 1.9)
  • MissingSourseFile present as a constant, but its value is always equal LoadError
  • added Class#class_attribute, thanks to which you can declare a class-level attribute whose value can be inherited and rewritten by child classes
  • finally ActiveRecordremovedDeprecatedCallbacks
The following methods have been excluded because they are now present in Ruby 1.8.7 and Ruby 1.9:
  • Integer#even? and Integer#odd?
  • String#each_char
  • String#start_with?and String#end_with?(3rd person aliases still kept)
  • String#bytesize
  • Object#tap
  • Symbol#to_proc
  • Object#instance_variable_defined?
  • Enumerable#none?
The security patch for REXML remained in Active Support, as earlier versions of Ruby 1.8.7 still needed it. Active Support knows when to apply it and when not to.

The following methods have been removed due to their uselessness:
  • Object#remove_subclasses_of, Object#subclasses_of,Object#extend_with_included_modules_fromObject#extended_by
  • Class#subclasses, Class#reachable?,Class#remove_class
  • Regexp#number_of_captures
  • Regexp.unoptionalize, Regexp.optionalize,Regexp#number_of_captures

12. Action Mailer

With the replacement of TMail with the new Mail , Action Mailer has received a completely new API. By itself, Action Mailer has been almost completely rewritten. As a result of the work done, now the Action Mailer simply inherits from Abstract Controller, and now wraps the Mail gem. This reduced the amount of code and duplicate libraries inside the Action Mailer.
  • all senders are now in the default folder app/mailers
  • Now you can send email using the new API with three methods : attachments, headersandmail
  • all Action Mailer methods associated with mail now return a Mail :: Message object, which can then be sent using its own method deliver
  • mail delivery method can now accept a hash with all the necessary message headers
  • The mail delivery method now works the same as respond_blockin the Action Contoller, so you can now explicitly or implicitly render message templates. In addition, Action Mailer will now split the letter into several parts, if necessary
  • you can pass proc to a call format.mime_typeinside the mail block, thereby explicitly rendering render text types, or adding new templates or layouts
  • all mailer unit tests have now become functional tests
Recognized obsolete
  • :charset, :content_type, :mime_version, :implicit_parts_orderDeprecated in favor of the relevant calls in styleActionMailer.default :key => value
  • Dynamic methods create_method_nameand deliver_method_nameis now considered obsolete - just call method_namethat returns an object Mail::Message.
  • ActionMailer.deliver(message)outdated, just call message.deliver.
  • template_rootdeprecated - pass options to the render call inside the Proc-object from the method format.mime_typeinside the generation block mail.
  • The method bodyfor defining instance variables is now also deprecated ( body {:ivar => value}), so now it is enough to declare instance variables directly inside the method - they will be visible in the view.
  • Mailers now moved from directory app/modelsto app/mailer.
Additional information :

13. Participants

Check out the full list of contributors who spent many hours contributing to Rails 3. Honor and praise to them all!

PS. Editing formatting, as well as correcting errors and inaccuracies in translation is in progress.
PPS Thanks to maratk for helping me find the bugs!

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