From huge 35 kilograms mounted in auto devices, we came to small terminals that fit in our pockets. What once weighed like a brick and cost like a car now weighs several tens of grams and everyone can afford it. It’s hard to imagine that once these huge colossals could only ring and the battery capacity lasted only a few minutes, but now a 100 gram gadget can not only ring for a long time, but also has full multimedia capabilities and wireless access to The Internet.
How did we come to this? Let's plunge into the history of the development of mobile phones. The next 14 phones may not necessarily be the first or the best in their time, but they are the ones that more clearly show us the phases in the development of these over the past 50 years.
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1956 Ericsson MTA.
And "mobility" began with bulky devices, the representative of which is a mobile phone MTA, the Swedish company Ericsson. Although the gadget is not portable, but it is still mobile. 8) This device weighed about 40 kilograms, and with an additional battery weighed even more, so it was mounted in a car. In total, two copies were issued, which served as a means of communication exclusively for Swedish doctors and lawyers of two different cities.
1973-1983 Motorola DynaTAC 8000X
Although Motorola, an American company, announced the prototype of the world's first portable mobile phone, the DynaTAC 8000X, in 1973, it took ten years for the phone to enter the market. Over these ten years, the company has made the phone more compact, built the necessary infrastructure - radio towers throughout the country. DynaTAC weighed about 800 grams, 25 centimeters high, a huge battery was enough for 60 minutes of conversation and, like a typical mobile phone, had a memory for 11 numbers, an LED screen and a keyboard.
After its release in 1983, DynaTAC immediately became a cultural icon, as a symbol of wealth, because the phone cost $ 3995, which, in terms of the current rate, taking into account inflation, is $ 8657.
So it was with DynaTAC 8000x that the evolution of portable mobile devices began.
1984 Nokia Mobira Talkman
The portable Motorola DynaTAC 8000X made an amazing breakthrough, but it was clear that its size led to a short battery life, while larger portable devices, such as Mobira Talkman, equipped with more capacious batteries, could provide many hours of continuous communication.
1989 Motorola MicroTAC
Following the success of the DynaTAC 8000X, in 1989 Motorola produced the lighter and smaller MicroTAC. MicroTAC had a new folding form factor, which allowed for even more compactness. The company's engineers placed part of the phone’s hardware in the lower (hinged) part. However, with the exception of the overall revolution, the new MicroTAC did not receive any new technical capabilities, but the clamshell form factor became the standard for a mobile phone.
1994 Motorola 2900 Bag Phone
We all watched American films from the end of the last century. When machines were installed phones with a numeric keypad and a small screen. Just the first such phone was the iconic Motorola 2900 Bag Phone, released in 1994. The bag contained a transceiver and battery, the owners could carry the bag on their shoulders, but many preferred to leave the phone in the car. Despite the presence of more portable phones, the Motorola 2900 remained very popular until the end of the 90s, due to its rather long time of use. Thanks to a fairly capacitive battery, the phone could transmit a signal with greater power, which allowed the phone to be used much further than the radio towers, which were very few.
1996 Motorola StarTAC
Motorola continues its story with the StarTAC product, manufactured in 1996. The StarTAC phone has become the lightest and most compact phone of its time. The phone weighed 85 grams and had an even more compact form factor of a complete clamshell, unlike MicroTAC. It is with this model that the era of folding beds began.
1997 Nokia 9000i
Although the Nokia 9000i, manufactured in 97, was not the first smartphone in history (it was IBM Simon), it was the beginning of the era of modern smartphones. 9000i really was a handheld computer and a mobile phone in one bottle, with an Intel 386 processor with a frequency of 24 MHz, 8 MB of RAM. The main feature of this phone was its unusual form factor with a full qwerty-keyboard, the ability to send and receive fax, text messages and e-mail.
1998 Nokia 8810
1998, the announcement of the Nokia 8810, which was distinguished by the fact that it did not stick out an external antenna. Nokia engineers were able to hide the antenna in the body of the device. As a result, the 8800 was truly the first candy bar and the benchmark of Nokia phones even to this day. These days, phones with protruding antennas are rarely seen.
1999 Nokia 7110
Not so long ago, WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) was very popular. The mobile phone industry has developed the WAP protocol to make the web accessible on simple devices with limited processing power. The Finnish company Nokia, became the first manufacturer to introduce this protocol into the phone. So, in 1999, the Nokia 7110 phone appeared.
In our era of high-performance mobile devices with full-featured browsers and large screens, WAP quickly became a thing of the past.
2002 BlackBerry 5810
BlackBerry started its business with the production of pagers, but in 2002 they entered the smartphone market with their first BlackBerry 5810 product. Thanks to the qwerty keyboard, mobile email and SMS, BlackBerry phones have become an indispensable tool for businessmen and other professionals.
2002 Sanyo SCP-5300
In Japan, they often talked about the combination of a camera and a phone, but it seemed to everyone that this was incompatible and inconvenient. In the same 2002, Sanyo launched the world's first phone with a built-in camera and the world seemed to be crazy about this device. Today, cameras have become an integral part of mobile phones, and now you can rarely find a phone that does not have a camera. Previously, phones with an integrated camera were called camera phones (remember the Sony-ericsson k750), but now, due to the fact that almost every phone has a camera, this name has become irrelevant.
2002 T-Mobile Sidekick
Probably, everyone already knows that 2002 was a revolutionary and crucial year in the mobile world. Several iconic devices were produced over the year, including the T-Mobile Sidekick / Danger Hiptop. Everyone probably remembers GameBoy advanced, Sidekick had just such a form factor and immediately conquered young people and those who often communicate via sms, because the gadget had a qwert keyboard, and the unusual shape of the device was so convenient that you could scribble SMS with a huge speed.
2004 Motorola RAZR
2004, again Motorola with the RAZR phone of all time. Remember only the advertising company of this model, people stood in lines for the coveted ultra-thin and stylish phone. The phone had huge multimedia capabilities, a large screen and a flat keyboard. It is worth noting that this device is still popular in some countries.
2007 - ... Apple Iphone
2007, Apple Iphone. Today is the last stage in the development of mobile phones, smartphones and PDAs. I will not write anything, because This phase passes by you and you yourself observe its dynamics.