How to catch 4G internet in the village

    Good evening, dear Khabrovchians!

    Today I’m not telling you about some mega-projects like building a “cluster for AI from parts from a dump” or something too abstruse like the next series about GPGPU computing on a bag of miner cards. Today I will tell you about the simple, understandable and close to many - how can I make "at least some kind of Internet where it does not exist."

    I live in a very interesting village - it is located next to the highway to the regional center along which there is a fiber-optic trunk cable to our nearest city, which is also a depressive district center. When in the city the “city-forming enterprise” is a prison-type psychiatric hospital for maniacs and other especially dangerous mentally ill people who have committed grave and especially grave crimes, and half of the 25 thousand people have actually remained, the others have gone somewhere to work - I think everything about such a city is clear.

    As a result, there is simply no Internet in our village. For the whole village, one telephone to which Rostelecom refuses to connect ADSL, of course there is no cable Internet, and mobile communication works so that to call somewhere you need to look for a long time with the phone where the signal pulls out at least one division, but it’s better to climb on attic. Somehow, the Huawei E160G 3G modem works normally in EDGE or UMTS mode, rarely, rarely switching to HSDPA, and the indicator does not even show the signal level. And then he clung only to Megaphone, for which I had a SIM card with an old tariff of 25 GB for 250 rubles. In such conditions, the connection with a speed of 120 kbit / s has been a harsh reality for the past 4 years. I think the situation is very familiar to many "painfully".

    Of course, I made attempts to provide myself with a faster Internet - but cruel bumps were waiting for me. Nobody wanted to do cable Internet in our village - there were such interesting answers.

    “Lay the cable from the city at your own expense, and we will charge you the highest rate.”
    “For your sake, we will not cut the trunk optics, install the LLP and the hub, lay copper before you, you will never recoup the costs.”
    “Two-way satellite Internet through a plate does not cover our region, forget it.”
    “One-way satellite Internet will not work for you, 3G will not catch you!”
    “From our tower to you in a straight line 8 km, installation of a radio bridge at 100 Mbps - 150 tr for equipment at both ends and a monthly fee of 75 tr per month".
    “If you yourself put a plate of a radio bridge on the last five-story building and throw a cable on it, then we will break it, WiFi radio bridges without approval are prohibited! And nobody will agree on it for you, you don’t need anybody! ”

    There was no particular hope until I came across the mention that in the region last year a 4G network was deployed by the MTS operator. And then googling and streamlining my and other people's experience, I decided to try to still make myself the Internet. The solution is quite trivial - a 4G USB modem on a makeshift mast above the roof level + a router in the attic + a cable to the house to an intermediate hub for 5 ports and then to a laptop.

    Good people on Samizdat suggested that MTS has a 4G unlimited tariff suitable for the modem. I had a router, slightly tormented by my experiments TP-LINK TL-MR 3020 to which I turned the WiFi antenna path when I tried to connect an external one. As a result, the WiFi practically did not work, but the router itself was alive and alert. There were already a lot of articles about them on Habré, so I think everyone knows what is being discussed. But I still post a photo, although not my hero.

    Mine is like that, model V1.

    The latest firmware was updated, WiFi was disabled in the settings, which still did not work, and I went to the city to the MTS salon. Where was the coveted SIM card and 4G MTS modem model 829FT which turned out to be the good old Huawei E3372H, only locked under MTS. I did not unlock it, Simka is still MTS. In addition to him, a couple of IP56 electrical boxes, a piece of black corrugation, couplers, lugs for a network cable, a two-core square floor wire and an automatic machine with a 6A box as the cheapest one were bought at a hardware store. I had a USB extension cable, like the Chinese 3G \ 4G Huawei external antenna. how effective it is, I won’t say, but attached it “just in case”.

    I put the modem in a smaller box on the extension cord and glued it with hot-melt adhesive on the connector so that it didn’t fall out, it also had a corrugation glued to the box, the box itself was screwed to the stick and this design was installed on the house, so the modem was raised above the roof of the house by 2 meters. A hole was drilled through the wall through which a corrugation with a USB cable was brought inside. Where the second box was screwed into the skate beam in which the router itself and its power supply unit were located, from which the 100 Mbps cable and 220V power cable went through the box to the machine and a 5-port hub that is installed next to the ceiling in the room. All this was filmed for clarity.

    The first video, preparation and tests with the 3G modem E352.

    Here is a video where everything is shown already in the working version.

    The machine through which the power of the router is made provides security in case of any problems and also serves to force the router to be rebooted by resetting the power. Next to the machine is a socket with a hub power supply and a 5-port hub with a gigabit D-Link. I had no other small hubs. By the way, the hub was bought at a flea market for 100 rubles without a power supply, but it turned out to be working, although it required to buy a non-standard power supply for 7.5 V.

    Everything was connected, turned on, and after 15 minutes of setup - the old router worked fine with the Huawei E3372 - I just got a wonderful speed for me of 15 Mbit / s for download and 10 Mbit / s for upload according to the 2IP site test. Compared to 120 kbps in the best hours - the Internet just started to fly! And finally, YouTube videos began to load not in 6 hours, but in 30 minutes maximum.

    The main costs of the project are 2500 r 4G modem, 560 r SIM card with Internet for a month, 500 r corrugation boxes, cable ties, automatic machine with a box, twisted pair tips. I already had a router, a piece of twisted pair 5E of sufficient length and a USB extension cable of 2 meters, as well as a hub with a power supply.

    I am satisfied with the result of the project, I have a “brakes-free” Internet and not for such a lot of money, given my conditions. But all kinds of “Internet signal amplifiers” were useless for me, the forest which between me and the city blocked the signal and saved only the modem’s rise to a great height.

    The fact that in a box in the sun the modem can overheat and fail in a year - I believe that in a year it will pay for itself many times over for me. If you lower it to the level of the ridge of the roof, or even place it inside the house, everything returns to normal, 4G simply does not connect, there is no signal. I hope you my experience of “Catching Internet in the Village” will be useful and will help to provide more decent communication if not at home, then in the country or at relatives in the village.

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