Red Hogwarts. Series 1. Supply manager

    I really like to work with lists. Not a single hunter on the trail; not a single fisherman hatching his asp; not a single detective investigating the theft of a bra from a clothesline ... They all don’t even know the hundredth share of the excitement that a historian has when working with lists of long-departed people.

    They are out there in the dark. Invisible, inaudible and speechless. Forgotten by almost all the inhabitants of the Earth, they have not been given anymore mnemonics, or even oleks . The lucky ones have a relative who, for some reason, in our foolish, fussy age, has been preoccupied with the "genecological tree." Most do not even have this.

    You enter there, into this impenetrable blackness, alone. You have no idea where to go. All you have is a surname and initials. Miserable property, to be honest. Especially if the surname is Kuznetsov or Smirnov. “To have the surname Mueller in Germany ...”, og, og. But you go, simply because you are here often, and to the touch you know the widespread paths where you can hook some tail, smell some trace. You do not know how much you will wander, and have no idea how you will go out - empty-handed, or bring a person into the light.

    Yes, as before, few people are interested, but no longer indifferent to you. And for some reason it is important to bring him into the light. I do not know why. Gorchev, who had already left there for some time, somehow wrote an essay that I could not write under the threat of execution. You probably read it about Destination, and if you didn’t read, then you are some strange people stealing themselves. Well, yes, the very thing: “In fact, it’s not very difficult to find out your Destination: if a person does something just like that, not for money, and in general no one needs this ***, then this means that this the very thing is its true Destiny . " I would not say so loudly, of course, but there is something in it.

    It's just ... They’re all alone there, understand? Quite quite. And so at least I learn about them.

    Well, if without romance and snot, then everything is very simple. NITU "MISiS", where I work, celebrates a centenary this year. I, as a person with a diploma in history in the bins, was instructed to deal with the history of the Moscow Mining Academy, with which, in fact, our university began. I began to understand - and suddenly got carried away, and began to work not for work, but for myself. Buried deeply, as it is not required for the anniversary. Now, in particular, in my spare time I work through the lists of academy workers - I compose something like a biographical dictionary of the Moscow State Academy. This is the most initial elaboration of lists, draft. Normal punching over the Web.

    In general, the historian’s toolbox has recently become noticeably more diverse. What earlier There used to be a library and an archive, the first and last place where you can find information about the past. Without an archive, now it’s nowhere, but ... You don’t even understand how many useful things ten people have dragged into the Network over the past years. At least, a primary search can be done, although the old people grumble about "your gibberish unverifiable Internet."

    Listen, let me just tell you about one of the last "deduced"? This is the easiest way to explain. And in general - I’ll try to do something like a series of essays about students and teachers of the Moscow Mining Academy. Painfully interesting people are sometimes brought to light.

    Series one: Supply manager.



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    Linguistic. 1917. His

    surname was bad - Languages. To make it clear: a good last name is Grebencha, for example. Or Masing. Or Lutzau. Wonderful surname Lutzau, especially if the Cyrillic alphabet! Immediately everything will be dumped to you, that there is something about him on the Web, practically without garbage.

    And Languages ​​... Well, not Popov, of course, but not much better. Fifteen years ago, my wife and I were bugging that there was nothing on this much-praised Internet. Since then, the problem has been reversed - the Internet was really flooded with verbal garbage that simply clogs the search results, like dust and dirt are air filters. And, typing in the search for “Languages ​​VA”, you simply won’t get through student essays about the romantic poet and any “syntax of romance LANGUAGES”.

    But this is not so bad. It is much worse that Yazykov V.A. not from teachers, but from AHCh. The head of the administrative department of the Moscow Mining Academy is on the 1923 list, to be precise. And this is almost guaranteed "drain the water." Quite a lot remains from scientists, and more from techies than from humanitarians - their works are remembered longer and quoted more often. From accountants and supply managers there is nothing left. What should they leave eternity for? Balances handed over? Prescribed outfits? Well, the benefits of the search, frankly, are doubtful. Well, what’s more interesting for the descendants of the head of AHCh?

    In general, I tried to pull it out of the darkness just like that, for order. And according to the catalogs of the Russian State Library, his last name was struck just like that, to clear his conscience.

    Oops! And what is this net brought us?

    Quite a lot of texts fell on “Languages ​​VA”, but four books almost certainly belonged to “our” Yazykov from the Mining Academy, where, as you know, there were only three faculties - mining, geology and metallurgy. These are the books “A New Method for Producing Low-Carbon Ferrochrome” 1933, “Obtaining Ferrochrome from Ural Ores” and the textbook “Iron Electrometallurgy” 1932. The fourth book is a thick Talmud of the 1934 edition of “Ferroalloys: Theory and Practice of Smelting Ferroalloys in Electric Furnaces” , authors Grigorovich KP, Bogolyubov VA, Eljutin VP, Samarin AM, Languages ​​V. A. Specifically Languages ​​V.A. wrote sections "Ferromanganese" and "Ferrosilicon".

    To make it clear to people who are not related to metallurgy - at least three names on this list are known to every graduate of MISiS. These are classics, titans and demigods. Grigorovich - creator of the national school of electrometallurgy, demiurge-creator. All the rest are his students, recent students of the Moscow State University.

    Samarin, already in his forties, will become an academician, then a scientist-metallurgist No. 1, director of the A.A. Institute of Metallurgy Baykova Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Elyutin , while remaining a good scientist, will give preference to an administrative path. He will break out into ministers and will steer higher education in the Land of Soviets for more than 30 years, from 54 to 85 years. The late Soviet system of higher education, the return of which now does not require only the most lazy tiputat - his brainchild, he created and nurtured.

    And here’s what they write about the book itself in the fundamental research “Scientific Schools of MISiS”: “In 1932, the book by K.P. Grigorovich “Steel production in electric furnaces”, which became the main textbook for students, electrometallurgists, and two years later, he and his students - A.M. Samarin, V.P. Elyutin, V.A. Yazykovym, V.Ya. Bogolyubov - released the first textbook on the production of ferroalloys . "

    Okay so. Supply manager and one of the authors of the first textbook on the production of ferroalloys. Not weak such a book and not weak such a neighborhood. But who are you, the mysterious Languages ​​of VA?

    Unfortunately, there was nothing else. Attempts to sift through the rubbish falling out upon a general request yielded nothing - I leafed through hundreds of pages of links, killed three hours, didn’t find anything, got furious and said a lot of bad words to the filthy creators of filthy banks of filthy abstracts.

    In general, I went looking for other names on the list, but Yazykova put aside in his memory. The usual situation is that I grabbed the tail, was delighted, but the tail got out of my hands and sniffed into the hole. A thousand times it was and ten thousand more will be. Go already work, whiner!

    And I worked. But I put a bookmark on Yazykov in the brain. And then in one source related to the Mining Academy, I suddenly come across a mention of “Languages ​​Val. Al-dr. "

    I was already shaking with excitement, though ... How-what was his name?

    Punching "Languages ​​Valery Alexandrovich ".

    It's empty.

    Punching " Languages ​​Valentin Alexandrovich ."

    It's empty.

    Pancake! Angry. No other options come to mind. I remember with a kind, quiet word "crooked-hand shrinking." I think so. I'm cursing. You moron, Vadim Yuryevich, you’re completely losing your qualifications. What can be Valery Alexandrovich in the late XIX, early XX century? We stuff:

    " I-zy-kov Wa-le-ri-en Alek-san ... "

    There is! There are Languages ​​Valerian Alexandrovich! And not even one link!

    In general, I was lucky. Valerian Alexandrovich turned out to be the same caring relative who for some reason took care of his ancestors . And even posted photos. There is not much information about him - only the story of his stepmother, who wrote in the late 50s. at the request of the Council of Old Bolsheviks under the Kostroma City Committee of the CPSU about her husband and his elder sons, his stepsons - active participants in the establishment of Soviet power in the city of Kostroma. But here the claw is bogged down - there is an abyss to the whole bird, even in a brief biography there is a sea of ​​clues by which you can search further.

    The usual general story turned out to be. Who cares, listen.

    Valerian Alexandrovich was born in the family of Alexander Alexandrovich and Sophia Innokentievna Yazykovye. His parents were professional revolutionaries. Here they are:

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    Sofya Innokentievna Yazykova (Muromova)

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    Alexander Alexandrovich Yazykov. April 1897

    I must say, there were quite a lot of such “second-generation revolutionaries” in the Mining Academy - the same Fadeev was the same son of the convinced “ministers of the Revolution”. All these Narodniks, raznochintsy and other black aliens by the 17th managed not only to give birth, but also to raise children. Children who went to the Revolution at the age of 15-16, and then became the most sincere ministers of the world's first Justice State. Those who survived, of course.

    Valerian grew up with his younger brother-weather, Alexander Alexandrovich Jr. Here they are small.
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    But older, already high school students.
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    Mother died of consumption when the eldest was three, and the youngest two. We lived on suitcases. Father, like all the "unreliable", was constantly being wound around the empire - sometimes exile, then moving on the instructions of the party: Petersburg, Odessa, Ilimsk, Irkutsk ... Having left the link, his father went to Batum and there he married a second time to a revolutionary doctor. And it started in a new way: Batum, Tiflis, Kharkov, Baku ... Then my father had tuberculosis, moved to Persian Mashhad, spent several years there, returning to Odessa, sending my father to Kostroma, where they finally settled. Six years they lived separately - a father with older sons in Kostroma, a stepmother with four children in Tiraspol, came together only in the 14th.

    Then war, defeatism, contempt of patriots ... Then the 17th, February, revolution, red bows ... L. Nevskaya wrote in her memoirs:“In March, after the February Revolution, members of the political circle — the Yazykov brothers, A. Gusakovsky and G. Kravkov — came to them to the girls’ gymnasium with red bows on their chests . Sons go headlong into the revolution, starting with the aforementioned party circle of students who were led by their father. By the way, in March 17th, both brothers were already party members. Here they are, red boys and girls, recent gymnasium students, in the summer of the year nineteen seventeen in the provincial city of Kostroma.

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    The youngest is second in the middle row on the left, Valerian is the far right in the middle row.

    Then everything is like everyone else - demonstrations, May Day celebrations, "hostile whirlwinds" , agitation and propaganda, party work among the masses, contempt for the Cadets and Octobrists, party discussions with the Socialist Revolutionaries and anarchists.

    October, revolution, stretched to the limit string. Now the country will burst and fly ...

    Jumped.

    "Every revolution is only worth something when it can defend itself ..." . Here is our former club in the fall of the 17th. The braids are mercilessly trimmed, the gymnasium uniform with contempt removed, replaced by tunics and hats.

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    Valerian Languages ​​- in the foreground, lies.

    Boys and girls are adept at party discussions, but what will be worth a thousand words when arm strength is important? Check for a break was not long in coming. In July 1918 - the Yaroslavl rebellion, and the brothers Valerian and Alexander go to the Civil War.

    Valerian was the head of horse intelligence, fought in Dievo-Gorodishche.“Come on checkers, we were all born in battles, we were all born in battles ...”

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    "The glorious battle of the Red Army with Boris Savinkov in Yaroslavl in July 1918." Lubok, 1926.

    Not only survived, but also became a little maturation, became the Head of the Latvian Detachment - his post was officially named. When he returned, his hometown met him awkwardly - in Kostroma “Kotlov’s left Social Revolutionary with a gang of thugs” seized power, and Kotlov did not want to put up with another “field commander” next to him. Once Valeryana almost strangled a hired killer at night, climbing through an open window. But Valeryan already had his own people who returned with him from under Yaroslavl, and as a result, the linguistic thugs were stronger than the Kotlovsky ones. Kotlov was arrested, and Valerian drove him to Moscow and surrendered him to the Kremlin.

    We did not have time to deal with the rebellion, a new misfortune - Kolchak. And in the autumn of 18, the Kostroma carried out on the Kolchak front the Exemplary Kostroma 56th Regiment, of which Valeryan was appointed commissioner. “The dashing tachanka took us to battle, the legends will tell us what we were ...”

    In October 19th, not a romantic young man returned to Kostroma, but a seasoned veteran, melted in three waters, bathed in three bloods, boiled in three liquors. And he is not alone. Everyone has returned. Those who survived.

    Here they are, surviving members of the Civil Circle. I really like to consider these matured boys and shorn girls. I do not know why.

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    Valerian - Right

    But not all survived. Even after the rebellion, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Jr. left for Moscow, from there to St. Petersburg, where he was elected political commissar of the regiment. He lay down in the ground near Voronezh, in August 1919, in a battle under the Liski station, where the Cossacks crowded the red troops. Father, escorting him to Moscow, said: "If you are captured, do not give up, they will lower the skin from you." He did so - being surrounded, he shot himself. He was forever nineteen.

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    Two Alexandrov Alexandrovich Language. June 27, 1919 Moscow, before the departure of the Younger to the Southern Front.

    Father, having received the news, almost went crazy. He left work and spent almost the whole winter alone in a small lamp, on the outer wall of which there remained an inscription from the naive and bright times of the circle - "The Light of the Communards". Then, after all, he pulled himself together and left for Moscow in the spring of the 20th year. My father, like all old Bolsheviks, had a wagon. For several years, back in Baku, he worked with LB Krasin, who has now become the people's commissar of trade and industry. In a special album, Yazykov Sr. kept autographs of Lenin, Gorky, and other prominent Bolsheviks. Therefore, Alexander Alexandrovich did not remain without work. The party decided to use it internationally - Alexander Alexandrovich was sent by Lenin to a conference on disarmament in America, returned in 1922, in 1924 he was appointed Soviet Consul General in Canada, in general,

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    Valeryana, on the other hand, the Political Administration of the Red Army seconded to study as an engineer, giving direction to the Moscow Mining Academy. I already mentioned the academy; it really was a unique educational institution, some kind of “red Hogwarts”. It was very hungry and cold there, but miracles happened at every turn - a freshman, for example, became a vice-rector, replacing the official millionaire at this post.

    We know little about Valerian’s life at the Moscow State University ... More precisely, I would certainly like to know more.

    It is known that he married almost immediately, here is his photo with his first wife.

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    Even while studying twice (1922 and 1924) was elected to the Moscow Soviet. In general, he was very actively engaged in both public and party work. Like other party students, he did not crawl out of the Zamoskvoretsky district party committee, to which the university was territorially attached. In the district committee the famous Zemlyachka ruled. The same one - a political prisoner, a commissioner with the party nickname “Demon”, “executioner of the Crimea”, the first woman awarded the Order of the Red Banner and other, other, other ...

    In general, of course, the company in the Moscow State University and its environs then picked up an exceptional - that no man, then legend. Here's an example for you:



    Glory to the right: MGA rector Ivan Gubkin (the one who is named after “Kerosinka”), the same Rosalia Zemlyachka , I don’t know the third yet, student Vanya Tevosyan(subsequently, the long-standing People’s Commissar of the metallurgical industry, the person who actually created the Soviet mining and metallurgical complex), the bald man has not yet been identified, student Sasha Ivanov (later the rector of the Moscow Steel Institute named after Stalin), the first handsome MGA student, Sasha Bulyga (real name is Fadeev , subsequently - the long-term general secretary of the Union of Writers of the USSR), unknown.

    Pictures of Valerian while studying at the Moscow State University have not yet been found. Rather, he is definitely there in this picture, but I won’t take it, I already found Tevosyan and Alexei Blokhin here .


    Students of the Moscow Mining Academy. 1923

    After completing his studies, Valeryan worked at the Supreme Economic Council, where he was a close associate of V. Kuybyshev, then deputy director of the Moscow Petroleum Institute. In 1928, he attended graduate school at the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy of the Communist Academy, worked as the head of various expeditions, then moved to the Leningrad from the Central Research Institute of Geology, where he became first deputy director and then director of this institute.

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    Here he is at this time, in March 1934.

    The thirties began, and in Leningrad it becomes very uncomfortable. The clouds are gathering, and Valerian is being transferred to Moscow, to the People’s Commissariat for Ordzhonikidze, whom, like many of his classmates, he knew from college. He was appointed head of the Glavnikelolov People's Commissariat of Industry of the USSR. Then he met his new wife Tatyana, who"Was free after the divorce, and he is unhappy in his first marriage . " The wife then wrote the memoirs, “My family, which is not”, which I have not yet found.

    But the persecution did not stop. Molotov himself in 1936 published an article in Bolshevik, in which he called Yazykov "a pest with a party card . " The intercession of neither Ordzhonikidze and Zemlyachki did not help. January 21, 1937 Valerian Alexandrovich Yazykov was arrested. Here is his last photo - from the investigation file. He is 39 years old.

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    On September 9, 1937, the Military College of the Supreme Court of the USSR Valerian Aleksandrovich Yazykov, Russian, higher education, member of the CPSU (b), was found guilty of participating in the anti-Soviet Trotskyist center.

    The sentence was executed on the same day. The burial place is Moscow, the Don cemetery. Rehabilitated February 18, 1956.

    That, in fact, is the whole story. Of course, this is only a draft, outline, sketch. We don’t know much. How are geology and metallurgy combined in his biography? Why did he get hit by an ax? Of course, most likely - he was an active Trotskyist, like many of the past Civil, but this also needs to be clarified. In general, a lot of things need to be clarified, in an amicable way, then we need to go on to the archives and get things done. Raise published texts in libraries, in general - dig a biography seriously.

    But this is unlikely. It is unlikely that anyone will dig seriously. Not a marshal nor a minister. An ordinary person, an ordinary fate, a trivial, in general, biography for those times. I definitely won’t be right now - I'm doing a rough screening and there’s a long list ahead. But somehow the Bolshevik Valeryan Yazykov, who was shot down on takeoff, scratched me and never became either an academician or a people's commissar. Scratched.

    The sands of time drift everything slowly but surely. The masses have long been forgotten not only by Colonel Perkhurov, but also by the Yaroslavl rebellion as such. What can I say - and the Union of Defense of the Homeland and Freedom created by Savinkov was remembered only because of the last novel about Fandorin. No one cares either about party discussions, or about the struggle against the Trotskyists, or, by and large, about the revolution itself. The anniversary has passed - and thank God. Not under the Communists, thank God, we live, the “History of the CPSU” no longer needs to be taught. "From the heroes of bygone times, sometimes there are no names left ...".

    Time erases everything, and the further, the better. And this ... This is just a small piece of a huge mosaic, which for some reason I cleared.

    And now he has shown you.

    Who is next on the list?"Pukhov V.I., assistant to the head of the administrative department of the MGA" ...

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