MTsST will release the motherboard and operating system for the Elbrus-2SM processor
MCST announces production plans for the Monocub-M compact motherboard, the core of which is the Elbrus-2SM processor, manufactured by NIIME and Mikron using 90 nm technology. So far, only pilot production of motherboards based on the first Russian dual-core processor has been launched.
There are many conclusions on the mini-ITX form factor board: bus for installing PCI-Express 1.0 expansion cards, gigabit Ethernet, USB 2.0, VGA, DVI, SATA 2.0, IDE (CompactFlash), RS-232 and general output pins (GPIO) .
The board was not created from scratch; Monocub-M is a derivative of its own development of the Monocub MCST. Skeptics can see in the photos two microcircuits with logos of California companies Silicon Motion andMarvell .
“ Elbrus-2SM ” or “Elbrus-1C” (the internal name that can be seen on the marking) is a revised version of “Elbrus-2C +”. The 2CM has 2 DDR2-533 channels with an integrated memory controller, 2 cores and 2 megabytes of the second level cache - one megabyte per core. The processor communicates with external devices using the south bridge called the “ peripheral interface controller ”, this is also the development of the MCST.
The clock frequency is 300 MHz. The operating temperature range is from −40 ° to + 85 ° C. The peak performance of the microcircuit is 12 billion operations per second . Declared "high performance in digital signal processing and mathematical calculations."
This is a completely Russian processor: a command system, architecture, circuitry, blocks and topology were developed in Russia. The device is manufactured at the NIIME and Mikron factory in Zelenograd.
A processor is useless without a motherboard, and a computer built on its basis with a new architecture is without an operating system that supports it. It is promised that on the basis of the domestic Elbrus operating system, it will be possible to create computers, all-in-ones, mini-servers and data storages with a high degree of protection against information attacks - there can be no alien hardware or software bookmarks in the product. It is also important that the processor is manufactured at Russian facilities, which helps to cope with the sanction pressure.
The Elbrus operating system is based on the Linux kernel version 2.6.33, it implements the necessary safety standards, multitasking and multi-user mode. By processing the libpthread library into elpthread, a real-time mode of operation was achieved. The latter means the ability to control a variety of automation, for example, on-board electronics of a vehicle or robot.
New items will be shown at the beginning of next year. Cost has not yet been announced, but electronics prices for general consumption should not be expected - only small experimental batches are produced.
The next generation of Elbrus processors will increase productivity and reduce the manufacturing process. For example, by November 2018, it is planned to develop the Elbrus-16S with 8 or 16 cores, a technical process of less than 20 nm and a capacity of 1 TFlops. Until 2020It is planned to develop a 32-core microprocessor with a clock frequency of up to 2 GHz and with a performance of 2-4 teraflops based on 14 nm technology.