Excursion to Ubuntu 9.10 "Karmic Koala"

Original author: Omg! Ubuntu!
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This release will be the largest and the best in the history of Ubuntu Linux releases, and from the very beginning it impresses with its installer, fast boot, new graphic design and much more.

Meet perhaps the best operating system in the world - Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala.


So what's new in Ubuntu 9.10? Let's do a visual review of what you find inside ...

6-step installation

In Ubuntu 9.10, the installation process has been improved, contains less confusion and requires less clicks to achieve the final result.



During installation, new options are also available, such as creating and encrypting a home partition.


File transfer

The Migration Assistant , which allowed you to import data from Windows and other operating systems, has been removed from the installation process. Perhaps this solution is somewhat strange, but you can still find these features in the main menu on the desktop.

New slide show

During the installation of Ubuntu, you will be able to see an excellent new slide show, reflecting the capabilities of applications and operating system features.


EXT4, Grub2, etc.

Karmic Koala switches to the new default file system. Ext4 provides better performance and increases data security. It also guarantees the possibility of increasing disk space to one exabyte .

The bootloader now uses Grub 2 . This is a completely rewritten Grub that brings with it better performance, functionality, and an automatic cleaner for dead menu items.

Other updates:

Graphic Design: New Splash Screen, Themes, Wallpapers and Icons

When you start the system, you will notice a new screen saver. Visually stunningly successful, it reflects the mood of Karmic Koala.


The Login Manager ( GDM ) was redrawn for the splash screen theme:


Karmic comes with 19 new desktop wallpapers:


Well, also a new default wallpaper:


The Human Theme theme has changed colors from orange to brown:


A new set of Humanity icons is used By default, replacing the outdated " Human ", and also stylish icons appear in the notification area:


User switch

Opportunities to end a session or computer using this applet are expanded with some new icons that set your status in the IM network.


Shutdown screen

Logout shows you this magnificent image, but you will not have to observe it for long, since the completion of the work takes place in no time!


Software Center

One of the biggest innovations in Ubuntu is the Software Center, designed to locate, install, and manage programs. Select a category, find the application you need, click Install. Done!


In later releases, it will turn into a real software store, replace Synaptic , the update manager, and allow developers to sell their applications.


Pidgin has been replaced by a GNOME project client called Empathy . Visually, they are not very different, but Empathy looks weaker when it comes to graphic topics, protocol support, and more.

But he can boast of full integration with the window environment, and also supports video and audio calls via MSN .


Support for topics, detailed organization of your contacts and even integration of the remote desktop through the use of Vino (GNOME Remote Access Desktop).

For XMPP users , the geolocation feature is available .

Disk utility

It is worth mentioning the addition to the distribution kit of the utility from the GNOME disk management project.


Akin to Apple's disk utility, it allows you to monitor, create, delete, etc. disk partitions and arrays. With the help of pop-ups you get messages about the state of their health.



How about a free 2 gigabyte data storage? UbuntuOne ships with the distribution and is essentially a kind of counterpart to the popular Dropbox app . We transfer the files to the UbuntuOne directory, synchronize and get access from any other computer - anywhere, anytime!


For $ 10 a month, you can expand your disk space to 50GB. This service also has its own icon in the system tray.

GNOME 2.28.1

I hate reading reviews of GNOME releases, as they infrequently carry information about some major changes.

This, in part, applies to the latest version of GNOME (significantly improved the Bluetooth module and for some reason removed the icons from some menus and buttons. You can turn them on again using this instruction).

Everything else is still in place. Except Ekiga . Ubuntu by default is now without it.

Faster boot and faster shutdown

You've probably already heard it, but now see for yourself: Ubuntu starts faster than ever before. Turns off even faster, usually in two seconds.

Network manager

NetworkManager touched on cosmetic changes, and now it boasts a cleaner and more convenient interface.


Indicator Applet

You will be pleased to know that Indicator-Applet now supports a fairly wide range of applications.


Pidgin, Empathy, Gwibber , Evolution , Xmail , KMail and Konversation are currently supported .

In the future, it is planned to expand support for applications such as Liferea , Claws Mail , KMess and Kopete , Sylpheed and Yarsssr .

Easy font installation

To install the font, you only need to click one button.

Until now, this process took a little more time and included copying fonts to a specific directory and manually recovering the cache.


Firefox 3.5.3

Karmic ships with Firefox 3.5.3 as the default web browser.

Rhythmbox 12.5

Rhythmbox remains the default audio player in Ubuntu - and rightly so! It has a strict graphic design, it is quite lightweight (compared to competitors), and it works fine with iPod.

Three main features compared to the previous release:

Cleaning the system (also known as the "Brush of Fate")

System cleanup is also believed to be available at Karmic, but still remains one of the most dangerous end-user applications.


The system cleaner will gladly remove / delete / declare war on any application that was installed manually (from the .deb format ), considering it to be unused or unnecessary.

This is a great tool in the hands of someone who is careful, but Ubuntu Tweak provides much safer cleaning tools that don't kill the system.

Application sources

A fairly large innovation aimed at convenience is support for add-apt-ppa.

Not quite clear?

This means that you can simply add the PPA repository and no longer worry about adding the key with which it is signed, now this happens automatically
  • add-apt-repository ppa

Or add a PPA to the list of application sources using links. Please note that this method will not extract the GPG key, but you can use this solution.
  • ppa: / ppa

This is just the beginning.

Of course, this review is just a draft, including improvements, enhancements, and changes in Ubuntu 9.10; a hell of a lot of work just left "under the hood."

PS For help in translating this note, I thank Rootlexx .

Source: http://snupt.com/

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