Red Hogwarts: Academician without a diploma

    On September 11, 1903, a son was born in the family of a peasant-old believer Pavel Alimarin who settled in Moscow and was named Vanya.

    Van Alimarin was not lucky with education. No, he received his primary education - at the Rogozh school.

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    Vanya Alimarin (in the center) is a student at the Rogozh school.

    No, not in the Rogozhsky School, which is now the Moscow Old Believer Theological School, but that Rogozhsky School, which is now the N.A. Alekseeva. Yes, that same Nikolai Aleksandrovich Alekseev , who is the famous Moscow mayor, founder and first director of the school. Which then handed over the directorship to his cousin, a well-known businessman and industrialist Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseev , better known under the stage name "Stanislavsky". Yes, the one that "I do not believe!".

    But I was distracted. Let's go back to Van, who graduated from the Rogozh school.

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    After Vanya graduated from the Rogozh School in 1915, the dad peasant, who, according to the documents, was an accountant, but in fact was actively engaged in commerce, appointed an heir to the Moscow Commercial School for a merchandising department.

    But then a revolution happened, commerce was covered, and Vani’s studies, in fact, too. The building of the Commercial School was occupied by the first Soviet workers' faculty named after G. Plekhanov and the Industrial-Pedagogical (evaluate the style!) Institute named after K. Liebknecht.

    In general, everything more or less settled down only by the 20s, when the former school was reorganized into the 2nd Moscow Industrial and Economic College named after G.V. Plekhanov, where Vanya continued his studies.

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    And here Van is lucky. In those hungry twenties, all scientists earned money - not even money, but rations - wherever possible, therefore they usually taught in a dozen universities and not universities. So, in the vanino technical school, the Ostsee German Konstantin Iosifovich Viskont came to the post of chemistry teacher .

    He quickly drew attention to the big-headed guy, and the less-studied commodity researcher Vanya Alimarin was seriously interested in chemistry. Until the end of his days, he recalled his first teacher with unchanging warmth:

    "I was lucky that the professor of chemistry was Professor Konstantin Iosifovich Viscont, a graduate of Moscow University. He was a geologist and petrograph and was very interested in physical chemistry. At that time, geologists were more concerned with purely geological issues. Viscount sought to use chemistry and physical chemistry in this science. For that time it was an innovation. Konstantin Iosifovich and attracted me to the laboratory. I became his assistant, in current terms, an assistant. Since then I have been studying and teaching all my life. I

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    believe

    that this is how a scientist’s life should go . ” K.I. Wisconte After Alimarin graduated from a technical school in 1923 (after studying for a total of 8 years), Wiscont employed him at the All-Union Institute of Mineral Raw Materials (VIMS).

    The one where Viscont himself headed the petrochemical laboratory, and which was created on the basis of the only private research institute "Litogey" in the Russian Empire. Yes, yes, the very one that dad, the millionaire merchant millionaire Vasily Arshinov , gave to another student of Viscont - Vladimir Arshinov for graduation. However, I already wrote about this , I will not be distracted.

    Alimarin worked diligently at SIMS as a junior researcher and no one paid any attention to the lack of higher education.

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    In those post-revolutionary years, this was easier, then under-graduated students commanded scientific expeditions, and taught in the best universities of the country — the same Nikolai Sergeyevich Shatsky , about whom I will tell you something.

    One way or another, but after three years of working as a maneas at VIMS, Ivan Alimarin nevertheless decided to get a higher education. Where - no questions arose. VIMS Director Nikolai Fedorovsky was one of the founders of the Moscow Mining Academy , which I call the Red Hogwarts. In the same place, at the MGA, both Viscont and Arshinov taught, and almost half of the VIMS employees.

    Since 1926, Ivan Alimarin studied at the Moscow Mining Academy at the Department of Geology and Exploration, specializing in mineralogy. He studied there, without stopping working at SIMS, two years - until 1928.

    And then he was unlucky again.

    GPU authorities in the Donbass exposed the " wrecking organization of mining workers associated with foreign anti-Soviet centers“It was the famous Shakhty case, which marked a turn from the NEP’s liberties to“ tightening the screws. ”The case, in which hundreds of people were arrested, 53 went on trial, 11 were sentenced to death and five were shot.

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    Defendants in the Shakhty case are being escorted OGPU employees (1928) The

    public outcry was enormous and one of the consequences of the Shakhty affair was a powerful campaign of “proletarization” of technical universities. The very first poet of the Republic, the great Vladimir Mayakovsky, called on the pages of the magazine “Red Student” :

    We won’t let the
    bourgeois sons
    in the Donbass
    counteract!

    Through the university
    from plow,
    from the machine tool with a

    brainy
    specialist
    !


    It must be said that in the Moscow Mining Academy, despite its utmost revolutionary nature, the origin of students was always treated with condescension. So, on May 27, 1920, the Presidium of the Moscow State Academy requested the release of a student Obolensky , who was taken to the Moscow concentration camp as a hostage.

    And later, in October 1926, it was possible to cancel the expulsion of student A. Kryukov. " for concealing social origin ." The Academy Board took into account that "the crime was committed at the age of 18 and not for personal gain ." The decision also took into account that permission to continue education was given by the working organization of the mine and that " Krukov did not compromise himself during his studies ."

    But all this was before the Shakhty affair. Now, even the all-powerful rector I.M. could not do anything . Gubkin , who, speaking at a gala meeting dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the Moscow State Academy of Arts, said: “ ... our main task was to provide the Academy with a suitable student body, to maintain a strictly class line in this regard. Here, our goal can be summarized in this way - to ensure the complete proletariat of our university . ”

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    And heads flew.

    Expelled student E.N. Lessing , as the son of a " specialist ", shot by Soviet power.

    Student D.N. expelled Gabrielyan , as the son of a merchant, " former white ", who hid this fact when entering the MGA.

    Student Delvig , son of the “ former baron ”, as “ hiding his social origin ”,

    student V.N. was expelled Obolensky , as the son of a shot " for counter-revolution ." However, here the surname is enough.

    Expelled student M. Kalmenov for what he did not sever ties with his father, " subjected to the isolation of the counter-revolution, with confiscation of property " ...

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    " For the non-proletarian origin " in 1928 from the Moscow Mining Academy and was expelled student Ivan Pavlovich Alimarin. Daddy's business vein came down.

    Fortunately for him, the "purge" took place only in universities, and did not touch the research institute, so he was not fired from SIMS. He was not discouraged - all his life Ivan Alimarin remained an optimist, kind and smiling man.

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    In the same 1928, as if to mark the end of an unsuccessful attempt to obtain a higher education, the young scientist got a second scientific work - a joint one with K.I. A viscount article on the method they developed for determining water in micas, minerals widely used in the electrical industry.

    Alimarin never got a higher education.

    The question of the lack of a diploma was decided simply - in 1935, when degrees were introduced in the Soviet Union, Ivan Pavlovich Alimarin was immediately awarded the degree of candidate of chemical sciences without defending a dissertation: by that time it was no longer possible to ignore his contribution to analytical chemistry.

    In 1950, he defended his doctorate, in 1953 he became a corresponding member, since 1966 - full member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, for many years he was recognized as the head of analytical chemistry in the Soviet Union.

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    And this was one of the three Soviet academicians I knew that did not have a diploma of higher education - along with Yakov Zeldovich and Israel Gelfand .

    Alimarin had many awards - he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, he was awarded four orders of Lenin, orders of the October Revolution, the Red Star, the Red Banner of Labor and six medals. In 1972, the academician was awarded the USSR State Prize.

    International recognition was no less important: Honorary Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Finland, Member of the Royal Chemical Society (Great Britain), Honorary Doctor of Budapest Technical University, University of Gothenburg, University of Birmingham (Great Britain). He was awarded medals and prizes of scientific organizations and societies of Finland, Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Japan, international organizations ...

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    But the humble Konstantin Viscont did not get the shadow of recognition of his famous students - no orders, no medals. His only award was the title "Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR" awarded in 1941.

    But he was a real Teacher - able to find and cut diamonds.

    And this is sometimes more important.

    (most of the photos were taken from the site of the Russian Chemical and Analytical Portal )

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