32c3 - Internet censorship, the possible future of Runet

    Yesterday ended the largest conference of its kind - 32c3 - Chaos Communication Congress.
    konfa theme - Gated communities. There are four streams of lectures, non-stop from 11 a.m. to 12 p.m. + 189 side events - various workshops and other and other. If you suddenly get together once - be sure to buy tickets in advance - they quickly end online, and offline you need to stand in line for two hours EVERY day, because only one-day passes are sold. The BIG queue may not be enough for all tickets :)


    Visitors, like speakers, are all kinds of IT specialists with a bias towards computer security, open source, diy, etc. There are warnings everywhere that you need to ask people before taking pictures - so there are few people in the pictures - it looks like 3000 mr.robot at the same time.

    You can look in details here: https://www.instagram.com/explore/tags/32c3/ (1700+ photos)

    and here

    The most interesting videos from reports about Internet censorship (all in plain English).

    1.RedStar - an operating system from the DPRK.

    tl; dr - Koreans took Linux (fedora), screwed the interface to it the same as the native MacOSX, turned on all sorts of settings for security, and also added there:

    • monitoring the contents of files - if it finds a file containing certain keywords such as “leopold-sneaky-coward” - deletes the file (lists are updated automatically)
    • adding “invisible” digital fingerprints (the encrypted serial number of your hdd) to each document, to every photo or video that got onto your computer (you do not have to open it, just insert a flash drive). If you already have someone else's fingerprint - yours is added to the chain - t / e / you can track everyone. When you try to disable this system, the computer restarts. Plus there are additional modules for trickier digital fingerprints, monitoring, etc. - they are not immediately available.
    • complete isolation in his Korean “cheburnet”.

    Why is it important? - because this is what our “Internet” - leaders and newly-appointed presidential advisers from the FRY want. see their generalized program .

    2. The Story of the Great Chinese Firewall

    tl; dr - the Chinese firewall not only variously blocks sites at the dns / ip level (as we have now), but also uses a technique called connection probing - checks where exactly your encrypted traffic goes when connecting to a foreign service instead of you and if it detects tor there / vpn - blocks the connection. Why is it important? - this is the next blocking step to which the runet goes, you must know in advance how to deal with this.

    3. State of the onion - a story about current Tor affairs, their fundraising, and so on.

    Full version here: www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXEUE__ap08

    Summary: The internet is not virtual reality it's actual reality!

    Why is it important? because tor is growing in Russia ( 2nd place in the world now in terms of the number of users ) and this is one of the last relatively reliable ways to circumvent censorship.

    4. Current status and technology of Internet censorship (by tor)

    tl; dr - different countries at the same time introduce different technologies for mass surveillance of their citizens and various things for censorship (primarily laws) and various techniques - from direct locks to throttling. All these technologies so far do not work as well as planned, even within each individual country, individual providers — some into the forest, some through the wood. They also talk about the tools and techniques for assessing the level of censorship in a particular country. A rich video worth watching .

    5. Identification of programmers by source codes

    tl; dr - with a very high probability, you can automatically identify the author of the program in the presence of source codes. The higher the level of the programmer (the better he writes the code) - the more accurately he can be identified. Current technologies make it possible to identify the authors of compiled programs with a fair degree of probability, too, obfuscation helps a lot, but does not completely save. Why is this important to us? - these same technologies work well with the automatic determination of authorship of texts and comments (hello, bloggers), there is a prototype in (English) that helps anonymize texts (making it difficult to automatically identify your authorship) - see anonymouth

    6. Architecture of the street panopticon

    Overview of existing technologies used for offline tracking of citizens - video cameras rented from any residents / organizations video cameras, systems for analyzing license plates of passing cars, various monitoring systems for cellular communications / identification of mobile phones, etc., etc. Why is it important? - This is an example of what has already been introduced in some US cities, something that will be introduced at a more mass level in the Russian Federation in the coming years.

    7. Mobile censorship in Iran

    In a nutshell - it is, because of this, the Internet specifically slows down, users prefer to use the Internet from mobile phones, they apparently have no desktops :) Telegram is very popular, but there are some strange rumors around it - maybe the local authorities say that they supposedly receive some data from the telegram, Durov refutes . Local authorities are trying to create local versions of foreign services (including messengers) in order to transfer their citizens there and gain access to more information about users.

    8. The state of censorship in India

    Quite a lot of common words, few specifics, the main conclusion - in the camp of providers, confusion and reeling - some block, others do not block, no one discloses the volume of censorship / blocking and the reasons for censorship / blocking.

    8. Overview of the situation in France

    FYI, for fans - about a sharp tightening of the legislative nuts under the pretext of fighting terrorism and about fighting various French NGOs (you can look at x1.5 speeds) in a nutshell - everything is bad, but so far no sites have been blocked.

    9. Overview of the situation in Ecuador

    FYI, for fans. tl; dr - The Government of Ecuador granted asylum to Assange, but at the same time it never promotes freedom of speech in its own country - it presses journalists, forces them to remake cartoons and all that. At the 24th minute, the details of the analysis of the risks to society by the secret services of Ecuador are very similar to some other country. Sadness.

    10. Overview of onion services

    Darkweb does not exist, there are usual useful good sites. Some statistics on traffic and users and many examples of sites, tools and services in .onion (including FB).

    ---------- such things - And a little more positive from Bosnia:

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