Automatic exclusion from non-working email addresses

    Imagine that you have a web application and one of its functions is the mass mailing of news to your users.
    For some reason, part of the email addresses of users is inactive or incorrectly filled out. Would it be nice to automatically unsubscribe users from the newsletter?

    You can add a special header to sent mailing messages.


    Notifications from the mail server about failed deliveries will be sent to this address.
    As a result, the whole task boils down to reading these notifications, extracting the email address, and marking the user with this address as unavailable for distribution.

    And now a real example.
    In one of our applications, the mail server adds several useful lines directly to the body of such notifications:

    Final-Recipient: rfc822;
    Original-Recipient: rfc822;
    Action: failed
    Status: 5.1.1

    For ruby, there is an IMAP client in the standard library. We connect to our "" mailbox and read the notifications:

    imap ='', port: 993, ssl: true)
    imap.login("", "mysecretpassword")"INBOX") # здесь может быть другая папка в ящике, куда отфильтровываются уведомления'ALL').each do |message_id|
      # чтение тела сообщения
      message = imap.fetch(message_id, 'BODY[TEXT]')[0].attr['BODY[TEXT]']
      match = message.match(/^Original-Recipient: rfc822;(.*)$/)
      email = match[1].strip if match
      # rails-зависимый код приложения для отписки пользователя от рассылки
      if email
        user = User.where(email: email).first
        user.unsubscribe if user
      # перемещаем уведомление в другую папку почтового ящика
      imap.copy(message_id, 'Processed'), '+FLAGS', [:Deleted])  

    For cleanliness, you can also check the status code. The 5.XX code indicates a fatal delivery error, for example, the email address does not exist, the 4.XX code indicates a temporary error, for example, the receiving server does not respond.
    This code is run periodically in the background using Resque , Delayed :: Job , cron, or any other tool used in the application. The problem is solved: the newsletter is sent only to existing working email addresses.

    The task was prepared and solved in conjunction with olemskoi

    PS: In your application, such notifications may not be so verbose, but you can still try to extract a non-working email anyway. For example, if you use gmail to send letters, then notifications of failed delivery from it will contain a specific header:


    which can be used.

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