HBO, thanks for reminding me ... "Chernobyl first-aid kit" of a Belarusian pharmacist

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No matter what they say, we won’t argue
No matter what we give, we won’t believe

Yegor Letov “Like a leaflet”

I think it’s not worth talking about the sensational Chernobyl series and the effectiveness of such a “serial” effect on the masses. Especially the masses living in the territories shown in the film. The release of each new series is accompanied by a surge in publications in the FB. In each of which bitterness, fear, pain. What can I do in such a situation (" who is to blame and what to do?")? I can only describe my view on the treatment of radiation injuries. Thanks to the dear Department of High Energy Chemistry and prof. Shadyro O.I.who nurtured in their laboratories us non-merry pharmacists-radiochemists. I hope with my article I will not defame the honor of this once legendary department.

Well, I write, write, because they began to forget ... Frighteningly quickly they began to forget. First, potassium iodide disappeared in pharmacies (I'm not talking about the antidotes described in the article), then the benefits of liquidators, knowledge of people, etc. also inevitably disappeared. etc.

All in all, thanks, HBO screenwriters, for stirring up Memory. My contribution is under the cut. Rating of available (and not so) antidotes that can work with a radiation release. Bookmark - strictly ALL! And I read it myself - throw it over to a friend.

At the beginning of the article, I will voice my opinion on nuclear energy in general. It is persistently positive. I believe that nuclear reactors can and should be actively used, because so far mankind has not invented a better source of energy. But. But I am an ardent opponent of carelessness, patronage, silence and reckless ideologized stupidity when working with nuclear power plants. How much more can you cover up “tyranny embrasures” with the bodies of innocent young men ... It’s unacceptable to build and operate facilities like nuclear power plants using the “Stakhanov’s methods”, using forced labor and putting people stretching for a long ruble in the operator’s place. Because, as always, it will end sadly. And those who are least guilty of this will suffer.

Okay, let's move on to the topic. Despite the fact that the articleEach poison has its own antidote. How to escape or at least try (upd: about antidotes for domestic poisoning) I generally considered the most common antidotes, now I decided to focus on working with radionuclides specifically. To push off from something, we take the main polluting substances of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant:

We do not take into account extreme options, such as extinguishing a burning reactor or piloting a helicopter over it, since nevertheless these are more likely exceptions. The main share of victims is located in areas that are contaminated with radionuclides through a) the movement of air masses with radioactive dust and closely related to this, b) radioactive fallout and, finally, c) income from food grown in the territories affected by the first two points.

In cities, the bulk of hazardous substances will accumulate on flat surface areas: on lawns, roads, roofs. In the case of agricultural land, radioactive substances will be deposited on the leaves of plants and on grass (and then migrate to herbivores). Gradually, radionuclides from the leaves, together with rain or fallen leaves, fall into the soil, accumulate there and slowly, but surely, enter the agricultural plants through the root system. It is clear that the main battery of radionuclides is forests. Due to the constant cycle of some radionuclides (without transition to an insoluble state), the levels of pollution of forest products (mushrooms, berries and game) remain quite high even after a long time after release. The same pattern holds for closed lakes (and for fish in them).

Accordingly, household measures to combat radiation can be divided into two main areas:

  1. Prevention of infection with short-lived isotopes, where the greatest danger is radioactive iodine (half-life eight days), and tellurium
  2. The fight against radionuclides with a half-life of about 30 years, accumulating in water / soil / food.

The radioactive isotopes of plutonium and americium can persist in the soil for hundreds, and possibly thousands of years, but their number is small and can be neglected.

Fighting short-lived isotopes

As I said, the main short-lived isotope that strikes the thyroid gland is iodine-131. Iodine, as you know, has the ability to sublimate perfectly (passes from a solid form immediately into gas) and spread in a volatile aerosol form by the wind. The main threat from this isotope exists for a week after the accident (and therefore operational reporting is vital !). The best antidote is stable iodine, which exists as potassium iodide tablets. Not without reason in the well-known field first - aid kit AI-2under the name "radioprotective agent No. 2" this substance is hidden. Iodine accumulates very unevenly in the body, about half - settles in the thyroid gland. Therefore, for preventive purposes, it is necessary to saturate the body with stable, safe iodine and not give radioactive iodine any chance. The most practical option is potassium iodide tablets . But for example, in Minsk today this drug is unrealistic to find, a couple of pharmacies have it on sale in 2 million cities. An analogue is the drug iodomarin, which can be used to prevent accumulation in the thyroid gland both in the case of inhalation of radioactive iodine, and when it enters the digestive tract. The commercial “vitamin” KI preparations contain a daily dose (!!!). Count on having to eat 1000 tablets, but more on that below.

The traditional prophylactic dosage is 125 mg for adults and children over 2 years old (40 mg for children under 2 years old). In the absence of a tablet form, it is allowed to use a 5% alcohol solution of iodine , or Lugol's solution. Adults and adolescents over 14 years old, 40 drops of 5% solution of iodine (20 drops 2 times) or 20 drops of Lugol's solution (10 drops 2 times) per day. For children over 5 years old, 20 drops of 5% iodine solution (10 drops 2 times) or 10 drops of Lugol's solution (5 drops 2 times) per day. Children under 5 years of age do not use iodine alcohol solution and Lugol solution inside. For them, iodine prophylaxis can be carried out by applying a swab to the skin of the forearm or lower leg with an alcoholic solution of iodine (in view of possible burns, a 2.5% solution is better) in the form of strips or nets in the following doses: for children from 2 to 5 years, 20 drops, children under 2 years of age - 10 drops percutaneously once a day.

The recommended dose of 125 mg of potassium iodide is more than 1000 times the daily requirement of the body for a trace element such as iodine. The protective effect is observed due to the pharmacological blockade of the synthesis of thyroxine in the thyroid gland. The mentioned dose of iodine ions up to 99.5% eliminates the penetration of radioactive iodine-131 into the thyroid gland (the reaction is observed already 5 minutes after taking a potassium iodide tablet on an empty stomach and after 30 minutes on a full stomach).The effectiveness of the defense begins to decline 1.5–2 days after the first dose. The time of complete recovery from the blockade of thyroid synthesis in the thyroid gland is noted when taking potassium iodide in a dose of 2-200 mg after 7-24 days. The effectiveness of potassium iodide rapidly decreases when it is taken a few hours after the intake of radioactive iodine in the body: after 1 hour - by 1/4, after 2 hours - by 1/3, from 3 to 5 hours - by 50% and after 8 hours it is absent. For this reason, a delay in carrying out iodine prophylaxis for more than 6 hours after the fallout of radioactive fallout sharply limits its effectiveness, and after a day it is doubtful in its feasibility.The effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis is quite high (90-100%) when taking iodine preparations before or within 30 minutes from the start of aerosol inhalation of radioactive iodine. 2 hours after the ingestion of radioactive iodine, the effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis sharply decreases (by 1/3), after a day it does not affect the cumulation of the dose of radiation from the previous incorporation of radioactive iodine. That is why the Vital Significance of the Population is Life. In the truest sense of the word, every minute of delay = someone’s excruciating illness / death ...

Iodine preparations are used until the threat of the intake of radioactive iodine isotopes into the body disappears. True, it is worth noting that in the mass consciousness the population has already developed a conditioned reflex - at any mention of radiation, iodine is immediately bought up in pharmacies. This does not make much sense, it is enough to have the necessary number for all family members for a week. Well, given the above paragraph - for the future you will not get enough if you are late with the reception. Iodine, anyway, is still halogen and can cause serious poisoning in case of an overdose. The best option is potassium iodide in tablets / powder. In addition to useful iodide, iodine tincture also contains molecular iodine, which must be converted into ions before being absorbed. Therefore, a good option in the absence of pure KI is to “extinguish” a measured amount of iodine tincture with a solutionsodium thiosulfate until discolored and then consumed (advice from jar_ohty ).

How to make / what to replace?

At one time, in the article Notes of a phytochemist. Banana peel strikes back I described such an interesting class of nutrients as anti-nutrients . Their subset has the following:
Glucosinolates (the same, acute, horseradish, mustard, etc.) prevent the absorption of iodine, thereby inhibiting the function of the thyroid gland, and therefore are considered goitrogens (or goiters - substances that contribute to the formation of goiter).

So, in the most extreme case, if you can’t find iodine preparations, you can either a) eat foods that are high in iodine (seaweed, cod and its liver, shrimp, tuna, prunes, feijoa, persimmons ) b) eat goitrogen containing products that block the flow of iodine to the thyroid gland in general (soy, broccoli).

Long-lived isotope control

The most unpleasant long-lived isotopes can be considered cesium-137 and strontium-90. Cesium-137 is present in emissions from an accident at any nuclear facility, from Chernobyl and Fukushima to some kind of hypothetical " dirty bomb " anywhere.

The antidote for cesium-137 that came with food with water is a mixture of potassium hexacyanoferrates (II) - Prussian blue (“ferrocin”). It binds cesium received with food and / or water into the gastrointestinal tract and prevents it from being absorbed into the bloodstream and into the body. As a result, almost 100% of cesium-137 passes through the digestive tract without delay. Next, I will quote my own article in which this antidote already mentioned:
For example, the antidote to thallium is Prussian blue , it is Prussian blue. It’s not difficult for a chemist to obtain Prussian blue; the benefit of “ yellow blood salt ” and ferric salts is almost everywhere. The inhabitant can be helped by Ferrocin tablets (initially positioned as a sorbent of radioactive cesium), which after the Chernobyl disaster could still be found, and then it suddenly became difficult. In extreme cases, you can try to search for the veterinary drug Bifézh, fed to animals in areas contaminated with radionuclides. As an emergency option - there is a watercolor paint , where Berlin blue is used as a blue pigment. Take note that yellow blood salt- food supplement E536, which is put, for example, in a sprat in a tomato produced in Belarus , i.e. this thing can be quite legally bought in stores selling food additives :)

Application: the recommended dose of 1 g of ferrocyanide 3 times a day in case of a threat or actual ingestion of radioisotopes of cesium, rubidium and other fission products of transuranic elements, as well as in the case of the impossibility of excluding the receipt of radioactive cesium in the gastrointestinal tract with water or food. " The drug reduces the half-life of radioactive cesium in humans by 2–4 times when applied orally, 1 g 3 times a day daily for 2–4 weeks.

From foreign analogues of ferocin-containing drugs, there is Radiogardase (Germany). In general, in Belarusian pharmacies, ferrocyanides are more than completely absent. At the end of the article "school laboratory work" on the preparation of Prussian blue at home.

Potassium acetate , which can be obtained by neutralizing potassium alkali (or some potash from ash) with acetic acid, can also act as a contact antidote-detoxicant on cesium-137 . Of course, I understand that it’s handicraft, but who knows how life will turn. It is recommended to take 1 tablespoon of a 15% solution 5 times a day.

Of the drugs for people, polysyrimin is also worth mentioning .- to remove strontium isotopes - first of all, strontium-90, which has a close half-life with cesium -137 (a little less than 30 years) and the proportion of the output during nuclear fuel fission, i.e. its amount in the reactor. These two factors explain why, in addition to pollution maps from the Chernobyl accident, there are similar pollution maps for strontium. The mentioned antidote is also unrealistic to find in pharmacies. In fact, it is antimony-silicon cation exchanger, which is obtained by the reaction of antimony chloride (V) with calcium silicate . The main difficulty is the search for antimony chloride, since the component is quite active and rare. Calcium silicate is also used in the construction of fireplaces. (Promasil, Silca) or as a filler in the production of building materials. In addition, the natural mineral wollastonite is almost pure calcium silicate. There is, by the way, an easier way to obtain this sorbent (RF patent No. 2324535 ):
... a method for producing antimony-silicon sorbent, which includes the processing of trivalent antimony oxide in solid form with a solution of hydrochloric acid while introducing a solution of hydrogen peroxide, mixing with alkali metal metasilicate in the presence of monosubstituted sodium phosphate to form a gel, gel maturation, washing it with a solution of sodium chloride, application with baking soda, stirring 1.5-3.0 hours, drying to form a xerogel, grinding, treatment with nitric acid, aging 1.5-3.0 hours, washing in ode, drying and grinding to a particle size of the sorbent 10-4-10 -5 microns.
Antimony, by the way, can be purchased without problems on aliexpress , for quite affordable ~ $ 50. All other reagents are widely available.

If it was possible to synthesize / get / buy - we use it according to the following method. Inside, at a dose of 4 g in 0.5 cups of water during meals 3 times a day for 7 days

In addition to polysyrimin, we can also mention adsobar - barium sulfate, which is recommended for use in an amount of 30 g / glass of water. This enterosorbent is indicated in the event of a threat or actual ingestion of the strontium radioisotope.

How to make / what to replace?

Barium sulfate is actively used as an adhesive paint, as it is insoluble in organic solvents. White based on it is cheaper than lead, non-toxic and does not darken from hydrogen sulfide. Barium sulfate is the standard of whiteness. Fine-grained barium sulfate obtained by precipitation of sodium sulfate from a solution of barium sulfide is also called blanc fix.(Fr. Blanc fixe). Very widely, this enterosorbent is used as a radiopaque substance in X-ray studies of the gastrointestinal tract. For radiographic examination of the digestive organs, the patient takes a suspension of barium sulfate (“barite porridge”) with a barium content of 58.7%. It was this substance that was added to Lego products in the 90s to ensure radiopacity in case a child swallows a part. True, the experiment ended in failure due to a decrease in the strength of parts.

Barium sulfate regimen:the drug is effective when used prophylactically 1–2 hours before the radionuclide is received and in emergency order in the coming hours after the radionuclide is received. Apply inside once in a dose of 25 g of powder, previously stirring it in a glass of water. In the case of using the drug as an emergency aid for radionuclide poisoning, it is prescribed together with laxatives (magnesium sulfate ~ magnesia or sodium sulfate ~ glauber's salt - 25 g).

In addition to the aforementioned enterosorbent, sodium alginate (enterosorbent Algisorb can be used to excrete both cesium and strontium from the body )= calcium alginate). This reagent is registered in the food industry as a food additive E401, it is used as a thickener and stabilizer. It is easy to buy even in Minsk (used to make handmade pastille , which, in fact, will turn out to be incredibly useful and radioprotective).

Application: in humans, the protective effect of alginate at a dose of 20 g with respect to radioactive strontium is 90%. Reception of 0.5 g with food at a dose of 5 g 3 times a day. In acute poisoning with radioactive strontium, the dose increases to 20 g.

If sodium alginate could not be found, look for pectin (often sold with spices). As an enterosorbent (suspension in water), 5 g is applied 3 times a day. The most extreme option iscandied fruit (orange peel is boiled in sugar syrup, followed by the addition of citric acid to taste). Dose - similar to pectin (bigger, better, natural material after all).

Note: I remembered as my supervisor, the late academician V.S. Komarov , talking about the orientation of the institute and laboratory (adsorbents) in the fight against radiation in food, often recalled the case of meat contaminated with radiation. They say they threw a bag of natural zeolite from Georgian deposits into a pot of meat, cooked it and, as a result, the meat gave a much smaller than natural background. It really is. Natural zeolites and bentonitesable to selectively remove radionuclides while maintaining ion-exchange properties under conditions of high radioactivity. Selective sorption by natural zeolites is in the following decreasing order: 90Sr> 137Cs> 60Со> 45Са. So, it makes sense to buy cats a bentonite clumping filler instead of sawdust. In which case, a dual purpose will work.

Note: it is NOT necessary to take bentonite inside (this is due to the ability of these clays to swell in a humid environment), it is best used for cooking along with products. Inside, you can zeolites (molecular sieves), which also have enterosorption properties and, for this purpose, by the way, are actively used in animal feed.

Broad-spectrum complexing agents / radioprotectors

As substances that accelerate the excretion of radionuclides without a clearly defined specificity, various complexing agents are used (DTPA, EDTA, etc.). Those. at least Trilon-B packaging should always be at home. The component is inexpensive and widely available, both in domestic stores and at foreign auctions. We can mention pentacin , which is absent everywhere , it is also calcium trisodium pentetate, it is also Ca-DTPA (pentetate calcium trisodium). This reagent is an excellent complexing agent, accelerates the excretion of plutonium, yttrium, cerium, zinc, cadmium, cobalt, manganese and lead from the body, including their radioactive isotopes. True, you can only buy abroad(not surprising, because there they removed Chernobyl ...). Of the preparations available (so far) in our country, we can recall unitiol , which is used for poisoning with compounds of mercury, arsenic, chromium and other “thiol poisons”. Unitiol forms complexes including with radioactive polonium ( “the Litvinenko case” ). The drug (5% solution) is administered intramuscularly in an amount of 5-10 ml (based on 1 ml of a 5% solution per 10 kg of patient weight) on the first day every 6-8 hours (3-4 injections per day) on the second day - 2-3 injections after 9-12 hours, on the following days - 1-2 injections per day.

Indirectly (due to functional groups with sulfur), such a legendary drug as cystamine is associated with unitiol(I read about him only in old books on civil defense), referring to ... see below. As a replacement, I can offer acetylcysteine , which is used as a cough suppressant . And there are still pharmacies in the city :) Radio protection

can be attributed to “heavy artillery” , i.e. substances that provide chemical protection against radiation. The fastest radioprotectors are drugs with vasoconstrictor properties. The first thing to mention is the so-called " preparation B-190 " - a means of emergency medical protection with external radiation exposure. Indralin who came to replace him- an imidazole derivative, an agonist of a-adrenergic structures of the body - is intended for use in extreme situations, accompanied by the threat of radiation in doses of more than 1 Gy, to reduce the severity of acute radiation damage to the body. The drug is administered orally at a dose of 0.45 g (3 tablets of 0.15 g each) 10-15 minutes before the intended exposure. The duration of the radioprotector is about 1 hour. It is almost impossible to find. Another effective radioprotector in the imidazoline group is naphthyzine.. It is injected in a volume of 1 ml 3-5 minutes before the intended exposure. True, in our pharmacies there are more commonplace drops in the nose ... In addition, there is one caveat. The use of radioprotectors for short-term exposure in doses of less than 1 Gy is impractical, due to the absence of a practically significant anti-radiation effect under these conditions.

Protective drugs can also include drugs that increase the body's radiation resistance due to the ability to increase the so-called “endogenous radiation resistance background” for a sufficiently long period. The drugs of this group are able to change the ratio of “endogenous” (internal biological) radioprotectors (biogenic amines, non-protein thiols and other components of the antioxidant system, corticosteroids) and endogenous “radiosensitizers” (lipid peroxidation products and other prooxidants) in favor of “radioprotectors”. These include vitamins, adaptogens (plant and animal) and a seemingly familiar thing like riboxin. It was he who was used to increase the radio resistance of the participants in the liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. To prevent the adverse effects of non-lethal doses of radiation, you can also use vitamins and vitamin-amino acid complexes (which will be at hand). Recommended for use in the early treatment of radiation damage, the drug deoxinate is a salt of deoxyribonucleic acid ( sodium deoxyribonucleate) This compound refers to tissue metabolism correctors (together with pyrimidine, adenosine and hypoxanthine derivatives). Most of these compounds belong to the natural metabolites necessary for the biosynthesis of ATP and nucleic acids, or contribute to accelerating the processes of restoration of DNA chains damaged by radiation. As an early treatment, deoxinate is used no later than 24 hours after irradiation: it is administered once intramuscularly or subcutaneously in a volume of 15 ml (75 mg of the active substance).

Note: Among zoos, propolis has the highest radioprotective activity(And I also recalled protein hydrolysates from hydrobionts - mussels, rapans, squid, scallops - capable of supporting the body's radioresistance: MIGI-K, it’s Lateren, Rapanin, Kalmarin, Gremarin, etc.) , among plant adaptogens - eleutherococcus extract and ginseng tincture. In conditions of increased radiation background, the administration of drugs is carried out in courses for 14-21 days with breaks for 2-3 weeks of 20-30 drops 30 minutes before meals daily 3 times a day. The prophylactic use of adaptogens is carried out in doses lower than therapeutic: once a day (in the morning), a few drops of tincture or extract. At low doses, the drugs are well tolerated. Side effects of the drugs are increased blood pressure, increased irritability, insomnia.

Several proofs for opponents of plants
Zhang JS, Sigdestad CP, Gemmell MA, Grdina DJ Modification of radiation response in mice by fractionated extracts of Panax Ginseng // Radiat.Res.- 1987. - V. 112, No. 1. - P. 156-163.
Kim SH, Cho CK, Yoo SY et al. In vivo radioprotective activity of Panax giuseng and diethyldithiocarbanate // In vivo - 1993. - V. 7, No. 5. - P. 467-470.
Takeda A., Katoh N., Yonezawa M. Restoration of radiation injury by ginseng 3. Radioprotective effect of thermostable fraction ginseng extract on mice, rats and guinea pigs // J. Radiat. Res. (Tokyo) - 1982.- V. 23, No. 2. - P. 150-167.

That's all. The article turned out to be rather concise ( Habr does not pay for chemistry now, we need to work “at the machine” we write only for the health of the beloved community of readers), but nevertheless I tried to consider the whole range of the most affordable and effective, in my opinion, means. I liked the article - click "Support the author";)

UPD : a small workshop on the preparation of adsorbents and antidotes, with the filing of Ark_V

Laboratory work No. 1
What is needed:
a) Chinese scales with aliexpress with an accuracy of 0.01 g

b) indicator paper for pH control from the same aliexpress

1) Preparation of ferrocin at home. Ferrocin, also known as Prussian blue, is obtained as a result of a reaction between a solution of “yellow blood salt” and a solution of ferric salt. The reaction is as follows:

FeCl 3 + K 4 [Fe (CN) 6 ] → KFe [Fe (CN) 6 ] + 3KCl The

solubility of the yellow blood salt in water is 31.5 g / 100 g at 25 ° C. It is better to take an unsaturated solution (salt crystals are smaller). Dissolve 15 g of our food supplement E536 in 100 g of distilled water. Along the way, prepare a solution of iron (III) chloride. You can buy it at a radio amateur store. Substance is activeUsed for pickling printed circuit boards. This chloride is very hygroscopic, instantly draws in water. The stable appearance of FeCl 3 · 6H 2 O. Weigh quickly 11.5 (a slight excess) g of iron salt and bring to 100 ml with distilled water. Slowly (we merge solutions on a glass rod, actively mixing the resulting blue suspension. Filter through filter paper, dry the precipitate at a temperature of about 50 ° C. Pack.

2) Preparation of potassium acetate at home.
We buy potash, it’s also potassium carbonate (the cleaner, the better, the most primitive option is fertilizerfor plants). The solubility of the salt is 110.5 g / 100 ml (at 20 ° C). Take for example 50 g of fertilizer (crystalline hydrate with 1.5 water molecules), and bring to 100 ml with distilled water. Now add vinegar there (standard 9%). The reaction proceeds

K 2 CO 3 + CH 3 COOH → CH 3 COOK + KHCO 3 About

50 ml of vinegar is needed for 50 g of potassium carbonate. Pour slowly until the bubble stops. Along the way, measure the pH of Chinese paper when it becomes equal to 7 reaction is complete. As a result, in 300 ml of the solution we get about 30 g of potassium acetate, i.e. 10% solution. This solution can be used for its intended purpose as described in the article.

UPDATE: Hotly, at the request of readers - a proven “collection of adsorbents” (~ “ A set of a young radiobiologist-detoxifier ”) containing the components mentioned in the article (+ there is also a detailed “table / instruction” with dosages for adults / children:

Read more about what is inside and where to get it ...
Ready to use (or waiting in the wings) set based on my article.

It contains some important antidotes mentioned both in this article and in the article Each poison has its own antidote. How to escape or at least try (upd: about antidotes for domestic poisoning) . Substances of qualification OSH / KhCh (or used in the food industry), pro- EDX- output wines). The list is as follows:
- Potassium iodide (+ mercury beaker with a single dose of 125 mg)
- Sodium thiosulfate (WHO antidote for cyanides, bromates, chlorates, iodine, recommended when radioactive iodine enters the stomach)
- Hexacyanoferrate, also known as “Prussian blue” "(Antidote for thallium, cesium salts, including the radioactive isotope of cesium-137 and rubidium mentioned in the article)
- Potassium acetate (contact antidote-detoxicant for cesium-137)
- Radiological diagnostic barium sulfate (enterosorbent active in relation to the strontium-90 radioisotope).
- Trilon-B (an antidote for poisoning with salts of heavy metals, especially lead and cadmium, a 5% solution is used to decontaminate exposed skin areas contaminated with radioactive substances)
- Calcium alginate (enterosorbent active in relation to the radioisotope strontium-90, radioactive isotopes of barium, ruthenium and zirconium)
- Low esterified pectin (LM, an enterosorbent active with respect to lead, its inorganic organic compounds and cadmium, mercury)
- Oglanlin bentonite (an enterosorbent active with respect to radiois heating of strontium-90, as well as certain alkaloids, and toxins of microbial cells.

Doses are designed for several emergency doses for an adult. Detailed instructions are attached to the “collection”, everything is indicated specifically what, why, and to whom to take.
Cost - 3,500 Russian rubles, taking into account the monitored delivery in the CIS. Full prepayment - pay the amount for ready-made payment links from any card via Yandex.Money / WebMoney and me a message on your social network message number + wallet name / full name / delivery address. I am sending out within a week.

Another couple of photos. So this whole thing is packed:

Main view :)

Mernik (empty and already filled) with the recommended single dose of KI in 125 mg.

PS And to everyone who says that in the Chernobyl film “deliberately thickened paints” I recommend reading about the Techa River and the village of Muslumovo (at least here ). This damn thing is not 1986, this is not the USSR. This is 2019 ... For my part, I can offer a 50% discount on my collection of sorbents upon presentation of a passport photo with a residence permit in this “damned” village.

Version 2.0 - Lightweight antidote kit for everyday wear
Updated (in accordance with the wishes of users) a set of radiation protection. As part of potassium iodide, ferrocin, aluminum hydroxide. Antidotes block the action of the radioactive isotopes of iodine, cesium and strontium. The set exists in two versions:

The "family" option - in the "camp" format. Options for 4 people. The drugs are packaged in an inert gas (nitrogen), can be stored indefinitely. The kit includes a miniature plastic first-aid kit measuring 6x6 cm. Price - 1750 p.

The “individual” option is for everyday carrying (or as part of a car / manufacturing first-aid kit). Provides protection for one adult for one day. The drugs are packaged in an inert gas (nitrogen), can be stored indefinitely. Price - 550 p.

Supplement at the "request of the people" : who wants to hear the answer to "the main question of life, the universe and all that." So does vodka / alcohol help with radiation? My personal opinion is NO!. It does not help, although it can act as a kind of radioprotector, along with such substances as cyanides (!), Nitrites, narcotic substances, sleeping pills and tranquilizers. The mechanism is associated with the ability to cause hypoxia (oxygen starvation) in the organelles of the body (but not due to the blocking of cellular receptors, like some histamine / acetylcholine or “combat antidotes” - β-mercaptoethylamines and related sulfur-containing drugs). Red dry wine containing considerable doses of antioxidants will be much more effective in the role of an adaptogen to reduce the effect of radiolysis of water (etc. processes occurring in an irradiated body). Proofs, in order to make it clear which “medicine for radiation” includes “little white” - below:

Use as protection of cyanides- Bacq ZM, Herve A. Protection of mice against a lethal dose of X rays by cyanide, azide and malononitrile // Brit. J. Radiol. - 1951. - V. 24, No. 287. - P. 618-621.
Use as a Morphine Defense - Kahn JJ Modification of sensitivity to X-irradiation by morphine sulfate // Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. - 1951. - V. 78, No. 3. - P. 486–488
Use as protection of sodium nitrite - Cole LJ, Bond VP, Fischer M. Protection of mice against X-irradiation mortality by sodium nitrite // Science. - 1952. - V. 115, No. 2998. - P. 644-646.
And finally, the use of ethyl alcohol - Paterson E., Matthews J. Protective action of ethyl alcohol on irradiated mice // Nature. - 1951. - V. 168, No. 4287. - P. 1126-1127.

Sergey Besarab (Siarhei Besarab)

Kutsenko S.A. Military toxicology, radiobiology and medical protection. - S. Petersburg, 2004.
Karakchiev N.I. Military toxicology and protection against nuclear and chemical weapons. - Tashkent, 1989.
Badyugin I.S. Military toxicology, radiology and protection against weapons of mass destruction. - M., 1992.
Imangulov. R.G. Medical service and protection against weapons of mass destruction in units. - M., Military Publishing House, 1998.
Kaybyshev V.T. and other textbook: Fundamentals of the organization of providing medical equipment for parts and compounds. - Ufa, 2003.

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