A bit of history: who is Anonymous

Original author: Alan Moore
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On Saturday, many countries held protests against ACTA, a trade agreement against counterfeiting.

This document caused a wave of indignation of the Internet community, as well as representatives of the Anonymous movement because of fears that it will limit the freedom of network users and will contribute to increased censorship.

V for vendetta

As expected, some of the protesters donned the traditional “anonymous” masks, borrowed from the main character of the comic book writer Alan Moore “V means vendetta” - a mysterious revolutionary who, with the support of the people, is trying to destroy the totalitarian regime in the country.

On the eve of Saturday’s protests, the BBC asked the comic book author how his book became an inspiration to many protesters around the world.

Gunpowder conspiracy

According to Alan Moore, everything that exists in the universe originates in Northamptonshire (Great Britain), and borrowing a revolutionary mask from his book is no exception.

In the 17th century, architect Thomas Tresham built a triangle-shaped church near the English town of Rushton, which to this day is considered one of the most amazing architectural works in the UK.

The ardent Catholic Tresham raised the temple, which should symbolize the holy trinity, in disagreement with attempts by the authorities to introduce Protestantism throughout the country.

It was this church in 1605 that became the center of dissident Catholics, among whom was the son of Treshem. They were preparing a gunpowder plot - an attempt to blow up the parliament building, which ended in failure.


At the beginning of the 17th century, the hearths that the people traditionally lit in the early days of November turned into attributes of anti-Catholic celebrations, during which the stuffed pope of Rome was burned.

However, soon the terrorist leader of those times, the main organizer of the Gunpowder conspiracy, Guy Fawkes, replaced this shameful “post” of the high priest.

But after 300 years in post-war Britain, the gloomy image of the rebel took on a slightly different color, and parents were already enthusiastically telling the children about Gai Fox and his attempt to blow up the parliament. At least that was the case in Northamptonshire.

And although in those days the children hardly perceived Fox as a hero, they probably did not consider the rebel a vile attacker, as he had been portrayed for a long time.


In the early 80s of the last century, Great Britain swept a wave of protests against the politics of the party Margaret Thatcher. The mood and ideas of these protests will then appear in the book “V means vendetta.”

It was at this time that the protesters again turned to the image of Guy Fawkes - a revolutionary who personified the protest of one person against dictatorship.

The parallel with Fox was first drawn by graphic artist David Lloyd, who actually prepared illustrations for the comic book V for Vendetta.

To create the image of a revolutionary, Lloyd purchased a Guy Fawkes mask, which at that time was sold in hundreds in stores on the eve of the traditional Guy Fawkes Night celebration.

Surprisingly, this happened exactly when the traditional mask of the rebel Fox began to be supplanted by the Americanized images of Halloween, and the name of the holiday “Guy Fawkes Day” almost went out of use, giving way to the more neutral name “Night of bonfires” - which is still celebrated in England .

That is how the illustrator and author of the book seemed to save the image of a revolutionary from disappearance from the pages of English iconography.

If in the 80s the authorities showed any concern about this mask and historical connotation, then by the beginning of the 21st century these concerns were forgotten until the Hollywood masters took over, who decided to add fresh colors to the history of the revolutionary from the comic book.

The most famous terrorist

The Hollywood tape was released precisely during the adoption of anti-terrorism legislation. Obviously, she seemed so convincing to the British government that they turned a blind eye to the events on Parliament Square, where demonstrators in disguise masks the famous terrorist of the country.

Soon, hundreds of other protesters around the world began to go on demonstrations under the guise of Guy Fawkes, and now they can be seen more often.


Now financial rules are far from ordinary capitalism, and in the world there is a situation where banks resemble a monarchy. And their careless attitude to the low-income strata of the population and the middle class cannot but cause general indignation, sometimes it takes on terrible forms.

Of course, modern methods of combating dictatorship have changed a lot and become more humane. However, the “face” of today's protesters, borrowed from the Catholic rebel, recalls that the spirit of the revolutionary still lives and is always ready to rebel against the injustice of officials, even if the weapon against them is virtual space and social networks, and not gunpowder.

Summary of Alan Moore's

PS article on recent reports, Anonymous managed to temporarily put down the CIA website.

PPS also, Anonymous supporter with Morocco managed to break 350 thousand users of porn sites and collected a lot of personal information about their users.

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